Sociology of sport

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Sociology of sport, alternately referred to as sports sociology, is a sub-discipline of sociology which focuses on sports as social phenomena. It is an area of study concerned with various socio-cultural structures, patterns, and organizations or groups involved with sport.

There are many perspectives through which sport can be viewed. Therefore, very often some binary divisions are stressed, such as: professional vs. amateur, mass vs. top-level, active vs. passive/spectator, men vs. women, sports vs. play (as an antithesis to organized and institutionalized activity). Following feminist or other reflexive and tradition-breaking paradigms sports are sometimes studied as contested activities, i.e. as activities in the centre of various people/groups interests (connection of sports and gender, mass media, or state-politics).

The emergence of the sociology of sport (though not the name itself) dates from the end of the 19th century, when first social psychological experiments dealing with group effects of competition and pace-making took place. Besides cultural anthropology and its interest in games in the human culture, one of the first efforts to think about sports in a more general way was Johan Huizinga's Homo Ludens or Thorstein Veblen's Theory of the Leisure Class.[1] In 1970, sports sociology gained significant attention as an organized, legitimate field of study. The North American Society for the Sociology of Sport was formed in 1978 with the objective of studying the field. Its research outlet, the Sociology of Sport Journal, was formed in 1984.

Today, most sports sociologists identify with at least one of four essential theories that define the relationship between sports and society, namely structural functionalism, conflict theory, critical theory, and symbolic interactionism.

See also

References

  1. Lueschen, G. 1980. Sociology of Sport: Development, Present State, and Prospects. Annual Review of Sociology, 6: 315 — 347.

Further reading

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  • Brohm, Jean-Marie : Sport: A Prison of Measured Time, Pluto Press, 1987
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  • Coakley, Jay J. 1998. Sport in Society. Issues and Controversies, 6th ed. Boston: McGraw Hill, ISBN 0-8151-2027-3 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
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  • Dunleavy, Aidan O., Andrew W. Miracle, and C. Roger Rees. Studies in the Sociology of Sport. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1982 ISBN 0-912646-78-0 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
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  • Freccero Renata, & Gleyse Jacques (2001). La Fabrica dei corpi. Torino: Levrotto & Bella.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  • Gleyse, Jacques (1995, reed. 2006). Archéologie de l'Education physique au XXe siècle en France. Paris: P.U.F. Check date values in: |year= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Gleyse, Jacques (1997). L'Instrumentalisation du corps. Paris, Montréal: L'harmattan.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Guttmann, Allen. 1994. Games and Empires. Modern Sports and Cultural Imperialism. New York: Columbia University Press, ISBN 0-231-10042-6 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
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  • Jarvie, Grant and Maguire, Joseph. 1994. Sport and Leisure in Social Thought. London: Routledge, ISBN 0-415-07703-6 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  • Jarvie, Grant. 2006 Sport, Culture and Society. An Introduction, London: Routledge, ISBN 0-415-30647-7 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
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  • Lenskyj, Helen Jefferson, Out on the Field: Gender, Sport and Sexualities. Toronto: Women's Press, 2003
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  • Millward, Peter (2011) The Global Football League: Transnational Networks, Social Movements and Sport in the New Media Age. Palgrave
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  • Wann, Daniel L., et al. Sport Fans: The Psychology and Social Impact of Spectators. New York: Routledge, 2001 ISBN 0-415-92463-4 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
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External links

  • International Sociology of Sport Association [1]
  • North American Society for the Sociology of Sport [2]
  • Sociology of Sport Journal [3]
  • University of Leicester, MA Sociology of Sport [4]
  • Loughborough University, MSc Sociology of Sport [5]