Spain national football team
|Shirt badge/Association crest|
|Association||Real Federación Española de Fútbol (RFEF)|
|Head coach||Vicente del Bosque|
|Most caps||Iker Casillas (165)|
|Top scorer||David Villa (59)|
|Current||3 (7 January 2016)|
|Highest||1 (July 2008 – June 2009, October 2009 – March 2010, July 2010 – July 2011, October 2011 – July 2014)|
|Lowest||25 (March 1998)|
| Spain 1–0 Denmark
(Brussels, Belgium; 28 August 1920)
|Appearances||14 (First in 1934)|
|Best result||Champions, 2010|
|Appearances||9 (First in 1964)|
|Best result||Champions, 1964, 2008 and 2012|
|Appearances||10 (First in 1920)|
|Best result||Champions, 1992|
|Appearances||2 (First in 2009)|
|Best result||Runners-up, 2013|
The Spain national football team (Spanish: Selección de fútbol de España)[lower-alpha 1] represents Spain in International association football and is controlled by the Royal Spanish Football Federation, the governing body for football in Spain. The current head coach is Vicente del Bosque. The Spanish side is commonly referred to as La Roja ("The Red [One]"), La Furia Roja ("The Red Fury"), La Furia Española ("The Spanish Fury") or simply La Furia ("The Fury"). Spain became a member of FIFA in 1904 even though the Spanish Football Federation was first established in 1909. Spain's national team debuted in 1920. Since then the Spanish national team has participated in a total of fourteen of twenty FIFA World Cup and nine of fourteen UEFA European Championship.
Spain are one of eight national teams to have been crowned FIFA World Cup champions, having won the 2010 tournament in South Africa, defeating the Netherlands 1-0 to become the first European team to win the title outside of Europe. They are currently the reigning European champions, having won back to back titles in Euro 2008 and Euro 2012, defeating Germany and Italy in the respective finals. These three successive titles make them the only national team so far with three consecutive wins of either the applicable continental championship or the World Cup. From 2008 to 2013 (6 years) the national team won FIFA Team Of The Year, the second-most of any nation, behind only Brazil. Between November 2006 and June 2009 Spain went undefeated for a record-equalling 35 consecutive matches before their upset loss to the United States, a record shared with Brazil. The team's achievements have led many commentators, experts and former players to consider the 2010 and 2012 Spanish sides among the best ever international sides in world football.
- 1 History
- 2 Team image
- 3 Coaching staff
- 4 Players
- 5 Results and fixtures
- 6 Records
- 7 Competitive record
- 8 Honours
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The first Spain national football team was constituted in 1920, with the main objective of finding a team that would represent Spain at the Summer Olympics held in Belgium in that same year. Spain made their debut at the tournament on 28 August 1920 against Denmark, silver medallists at the last two Olympic tournaments. The Spanish managed to win that match by a scoreline of 1–0, eventually finishing with the silver medal. Spain qualified for their first FIFA World Cup in 1934, defeating Brazil in their first game and losing in a replay to the hosts and eventual champions Italy in the quarter-finals. The Spanish Civil War and World War II prevented Spain from playing any competitive matches between the 1934 World Cup and the 1950 edition's qualifiers. At the 1950 finals in Brazil, they topped their group to progress to the final round, then finished in fourth place. Until 2010, this had been Spain's highest finish in a FIFA World Cup finals, which had given them the name of the "underachievers".
Spain won its first major international title when hosting the 1964 European Championship held in Spain, defeating the Soviet Union 2–1 in the final at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium. The victory would stand as Spain's lone major title for 44 years. Spain was selected as host of the 1982 FIFA World Cup, reaching the second round, and four years later they reached the quarter-finals before a penalty shootout defeat to Belgium.
Javier Clemente was appointed as Spain's coach in 1992, leading them to the quarter-finals of the 1994 World Cup was achieved. The match became controversial when Italian defender Mauro Tassotti struck Luis Enrique with his elbow inside Spain's penalty area, causing Enrique to bleed profusely from his nose and mouth, but he foul was not noticed nor sanctioned by referee Sándor Puhl. Had the official acknowledged the foul, Spain would have merited a penalty kick. In the 2002 World Cup, Spain won its three group play matches, then defeated the Republic of Ireland on penalties in the second round. They faced co-hosts South Korea in the quarter-finals, and eventually lost in a shootout after having two goals called back for alleged infractions during regular and extra time.
At UEFA Euro 2008, Spain won all their games in Group D. Italy were the opponents in the quarter-final match which Spain won 4–2 on penalties. They met Russia again in the semi-final, beating them 3–0. In the final, Spain defeated Germany 1–0, Fernando Torres scoring the only goal of the game. This was Spain's first major title since the 1964 European Championship. Xavi was awarded the player of the tournament. In the 2010 World Cup, Spain advanced to the final for the first time ever by defeating Germany 1–0. In the decisive match against the Netherlands, Andrés Iniesta scored the only goal. Spain became the third team to win a World Cup outside their own continent, and the first European team to do so. Goalkeeper Iker Casillas won the golden glove for only conceding two goals during the tournament. David Villa won the bronze ball and silver boot, tied for top scorer of the tournament.
Spain qualified top of Group I in qualification for UEFA Euro 2012 with a perfect 100% record. They became the first team to retain the European championship, winning the final 4–0 against Italy. However, two years later, they were eliminated from the group stage of the 2014 FIFA World Cup.
Spain's traditional kit is a red jersey with yellow trim, accompanied by dark blue shorts and socks while their current away kit is all black with neon yellow stripes. The colour of the socks altered throughout the 1990s from black to the same colour as the blue shorts. Spain's kits have been produced by manufacturers including Adidas (from 1982 until 1984), Le Coq Sportif (from 1984 until 1992) and Adidas once again (since 1992).
Their current home kit is now all red. The current third kit is all white with red and yellow trim. Rather than displaying the logo of the Spanish football federation, Spain's jersey traditionally features the coat of arms of Spain over the left breast. After winning the 2010 FIFA World Cup, the World Cup winners badge was added to the right breast of the jersey and a golden star at the top of the Spanish coat of arms.
Style of play
Tiki-taka is above all, a systems approach to football founded upon team unity and a comprehensive understanding in the geometry of space on a football field.
Tiki-taka has been variously described as "a style of play based on making your way to the back of the net through short passing and movement," a "short passing style in which the ball is worked carefully through various channels," and a "nonsensical phrase that has come to mean short passing, patience and possession above all else." The style involves roaming movement and positional interchange amongst midfielders, moving the ball in intricate patterns, and sharp, one or two-touch passing. Tiki-taka is "both defensive and offensive in equal measure" – the team is always in possession, so doesn't need to switch between defending and attacking. Commentators have contrasted tiki-taka with "route one physicality" and with the higher-tempo passing of FC Barcelona and Arsène Wenger's 2007–08 Arsenal side, which employed Cesc Fàbregas as the only channel between defence and attack. Tiki-taka is associated with flair, creativity, and touch, but can also be taken to a "slow, directionless extreme" that sacrifices effectiveness for aesthetics.
Sid Lowe identifies Luis Aragonés' tempering of tiki-taka with pragmatism as a key factor in Spain's success in Euro 2008. Aragonés used tiki-taka to "protect a defense that appeared suspect [...], maintain possession and dominate games" without taking the style to "evangelical extremes." None of Spain's first six goals in the tournament came from tiki-taka: five came from direct breaks and one from a set play. For Lowe, Spain's success in the 2010 World Cup was evidence of the meeting of two traditions in Spanish football: the "powerful, aggressive, direct" style that earned the silver medal-winning 1920 Antwerp Olympics team the nickname La Furia Roja ("The Red Fury") and the tiki-taka style of the contemporary Spanish team, which focused on a collective, short-passing, technical, and possession-based game.
Analyzing Spain's semi-final victory over Germany at the 2010 World Cup, Honigstein described the Spanish team's tiki-taka style as "the most difficult version of football possible: an uncompromising passing game, coupled with intense, high pressing." For Honigstein, tiki-taka is "a significant upgrade" of Total Football because it relies on ball movement rather than players switching position. Tiki-taka allowed Spain to "control both the ball and the opponent."
Spain does not have a national stadium as such, though major qualifying matches are usually played at the Estadio Santiago Bernabéu in Madrid. Other large grounds used include the Estadio Vicente Calderón, also in Madrid, and the Mestalla in Valencia. Spain are unbeaten in competitive matches played at the Calderón. Some international friendlies are played in these larger stadia, as well as the Estadio Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán in Seville.
Other friendly matches, as well as qualifying fixtures against smaller opponents, are played in provincial stadia. The 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification campaign included matches at El Molinón in Gijón, the Iberostar Stadium in Palma de Mallorca, and the Estadio Carlos Belmonte in Albacete.
Media coverage in Spain
|Head coach||Vicente del Bosque|
|Assistant coach||José Antonio Grande|
|Goalkeeping coach||José Manuel Ochotorena|
|Trainer||Francisco Javier Miñano Espín|
The following players were called up for the friendly matches against England on 13 November and Belgium on 17 November 2015.
Caps and goals updated as of 13 November 2015 after the match against England.
The following players have been called up for the team in the last twelve months.
|Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club||Latest call-up|
|GK||Sergio Asenjo||28 June 1989||0||0||Villarreal||v. Netherlands, 31 March 2015|
|DF||Xabier Etxeita||31 October 1987||1||0||Athletic Bilbao||v. Ukraine, 12 October 2015|
|DF||Dani Carvajal||11 January 1992||5||0||Real Madrid||v. Luxembourg, 9 October 2015 INJ|
|DF||Iñigo Martínez||17 May 1991||1||0||Real Sociedad||v. Luxembourg, 9 October 2015 INJ|
|DF||Juan Bernat||1 March 1993||7||1||Bayern Munich||v. Macedonia, 8 September 2015|
|DF||Rubén Duarte||18 October 1995||0||0||Espanyol||v. Costa Rica, 11 June 2015 PRE|
|DF||Héctor Bellerín||19 March 1995||0||0||Arsenal F.C.||v. Costa Rica, 11 June 2015 PRE|
|DF||José Luis Gayà||25 May 1995||0||0||Valencia||v. Costa Rica, 11 June 2015 PRE|
|DF||Raúl Albiol||4 September 1985||51||0||Napoli||v. Netherlands, 31 March 2015|
|MF||David Silva||8 January 1986||94||23||Manchester City||v. Ukraine, 12 October 2015|
|MF||Isco||21 April 1992||12||1||Real Madrid||v. England, 13 November 2015|
|MF||Bruno||12 June 1984||6||0||Villarreal||v. Luxembourg, 9 October 2015|
|MF||Vitolo||3 November 1989||3||0||Sevilla||v. Macedonia, 8 September 2015|
|MF||Aleix Vidal||21 August 1989||1||0||Barcelona||v. Belarus, 14 June 2015|
|MF||Saúl Ñíguez||21 November 1994||0||0||Atlético Madrid||v. Costa Rica, 11 June 2015 PRE|
|MF||Mario Suárez||24 February 1987||3||0||Fiorentina||v. Netherlands, 31 March 2015|
|FW||Munir El Haddadi||1 September 1995||1||0||Barcelona||v. Costa Rica, 11 June 2015 PRE|
- INJ Injured or recovering from surgery
- PRE Preliminary squad.
- RET Retired from the national team
Most capped players
|7||Alfredo Di Stefano||1957–1961||23||31||0.74|
Results and fixtures
- For all past match results of the national team, see single-season articles and the team's results page
The following matches were played or are scheduled to be played by the national team in the current or upcoming seasons.
|27 March 2015 UEFA Euro 2016 Q||Spain||1–0||Ukraine||Seville, Spain|
|20:45 (UTC+1)||Morata 28'||Report||Stadium: Estadio Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán
Referee: Cüneyt Çakır (Turkey)
|31 March 2015 Friendly||Netherlands||2–0||Spain||Amsterdam, Netherlands|
|20:45 (UTC+1)||De Vrij 13'
|Report||Stadium: Amsterdam Arena
Referee: Willie Collum (Scotland)
|11 June 2015 Friendly||Spain||2–1||Costa Rica||León, Spain|
|22:00 (UTC+1)||Alcácer 8'
|Report||Venegas 6'||Stadium: Reino de León
Referee: Domagoj Vučkov (Croatia)
|14 June 2015 UEFA Euro 2016 Q||Belarus||0–1||Spain||Barysaw, Belarus|
|21:45 (UTC+3)||Report||Silva 45'||Stadium: Borisov Arena
Referee: Robert Schörgenhofer (Austria)
|5 September 2015 UEFA Euro 2016 Q||Spain||2–0||Slovakia||Oviedo, Spain|
|20:45 (UTC+2)||Alba 5'
Iniesta 30' (pen.)
|Report||Stadium: Estadio Carlos Tartiere
Referee: Damir Skomina (Slovenia)
|8 September 2015 UEFA Euro 2016 Q||Macedonia||0–1||Spain||Skopje, Macedonia|
|20:45 (UTC+2)||Report||Pačovski 8' (o.g.)||Stadium: Philip II Arena
Referee: Paolo Tagliavento (Italy)
|9 October 2015 UEFA Euro 2016 Q||Spain||4–0||Luxembourg||Logroño, Spain|
|20:45 (UTC+2)||Cazorla 42', 85'
Alcácer 67', 80'
|Report||Stadium: Estadio Las Gaunas
Referee: Sébastien Delferiere (Belgium)
|12 October 2015 UEFA Euro 2016 Q||Ukraine||0–1||Spain||Kiev, Ukraine|
|21:45 (UTC+3)||Report||Gaspar 22'||Stadium: Olympic Stadium
|13 November 2015 Friendly||Spain||2–0||England||Alicante, Spain|
|20:45 (UTC+2)||Gaspar 72'
|Report||Stadium: Rico Pérez
|17 November 2015 Friendly||Belgium||Cancelled||Spain||Brussels, Belgium|
|20:45 (UTC+2)||Report||Stadium: King Baudouin Stadium
|13 June 2016 UEFA Euro 2016 Group Stage||Spain||v||Czech Republic||Toulouse, France|
|15:00 (UTC+2)||Stadium: Stadium Municipal
|17 June 2016 UEFA Euro 2016 Group Stage||Spain||v||Turkey||Nice, France|
|21:00 (UTC+2)||Stadium: Allianz Riviera
|21 June 2016 UEFA Euro 2016 Group Stage||Croatia||v||Spain||Bordeaux, France|
|21:00 (UTC+2)||Stadium: Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux
|5 September 2016 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Spain||v||Liechtenstein||TBD, Spain|
|9 October 2016 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Albania||v||Spain||TBD, Albania|
|12 November 2016 2018 FIFA World Cup Q||Spain||v||Macedonia||TBD, Spain|
Iker Casillas holds the record for most appearances for the Spanish team with 165 since 2000. He is one of eight Spanish players to have reached 100 caps. Xavi is second, having played 133 times since 2000. Sergio Ramos has played for Spain 130 times since his debut in 2005 and is the third most capped player.
David Villa holds the title of Spain's highest goalscorer, scoring 59 goals since 2005-2014, during which time he played for Spain on 97 occasions. Raúl González is the second highest goalscorer, scoring 44 goals in 102 appearances between 1996–2006. Fernando Torres is the third highest goalscorer with 38 goals in 110 appearances since 2003.
Between November 2006 and June 2009 Spain went undefeated for a record-equaling 35 consecutive matches before their loss to the United States in the Confederations Cup, a record shared with Brazil, and included a record 15-game winning streak. In the 2010 FIFA World Cup, Spain became the first European national team to lift the World Cup trophy outside of Europe; along with Brazil, Germany and Argentina, Spain is one of the four national teams to have won the FIFA World Cup outside of its home continent.
- For the all-time record of the national team against opposing nations, see the team's all-time record page.
FIFA World Cup
|FIFA World Cup record||FIFA World Cup Qualification record|
|1930||Did Not Enter||Declined Participation|
|1938||Withdrew||Qualified but withdrew due to civil war|
|1954||Did Not Qualify||3||1||1||1||6||3|
|1970||Did Not Qualify||6||2||2||2||10||6|
|1982||Round 2||12th||5||1||2||2||4||5||Qualified as host|
|1990||Round of 16||10th||4||2||1||1||6||4||8||6||1||1||20||3|
|2006||Round of 16||9th||4||3||0||1||9||4||10||5||5||0||19||3|
|Spain's World Cup record|
(27 May 1934; Genoa, Italy)
(24 June 1998; Lens, France)
(13 July 1950; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
FIFA Confederations Cup
|FIFA Confederations Cup record|
|1992||No European team participated|
|1995||Did Not Qualify|
|Spain's Confederations Cup record|
(Rustenburg, South Africa; 14 June 2009)
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 20 June 2013)
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 30 June 2013)
UEFA European Championship
|UEFA European Championship record||Qualification record|
|1960||Withdrew||Declined to play the Soviet Union|
|1968||Did Not Qualify||8||3||2||3||7||5|
|1992||Did Not Qualify||7||3||0||4||17||12|
|2020||To Be Determined|
|Spain's European Championship record|
(Madrid, Spain; 17 June 1964)
(Gdańsk, Poland; 14 June 2012)
Spain 4–0 Italy
(Kiev, Ukraine; 1 July 2012)
(Paris, France; 27 June 1984)
Germany 2–0 Spain
(Munich, Germany; 17 June 1988)
|Summer Olympics record|
|1948||Did Not Qualify|
|1972||Did Not Qualify|
|1984||Did Not Qualify|
|2004||Did Not Qualify|
|2016||Did Not Qualify|
|Total||1 Gold Medal||11/21||37||19||7||10||56||39|
- *Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
- **Since 1968, Spain has sent its amateur national team.
- **Since 1992, Spain has sent its under 23 national team.
|Mediterranean Games record|
|1951||Did Not Qualify|
|1959||Did Not Qualify|
|1971||Did Not Enter|
|2001||Did Not Qualify|
|2013||Did Not Enter|
- This is a list of honours for the senior Spanish national team
- Winners (1): 2010
- Winners (1): 2011
- Unofficial Awards
- Winners (3): 2008, 2010, 2012
- Winners (1): 2010
- Winners (1): 2012
- Holders (5): 11 June 1961 – 31 May 1962, 12 January 1972 – 2 May 1973, 18 June 1986 – 22 June 1986, 28 March 2001 – 27 March 2002, 11 July 2010 – 7 September 2010
- Spain women's national football team
- Spain national under-23 football team
- Spain national under-21 football team
- Spain national under-20 football team
- Spain national under-19 football team
- Spain national under-18 football team
- Spain national under-17 football team
- Spain national under-16 football team
- Spain national under-15 football team
- Spain national youth football team
- Spain national football team head to head
- International Double
- Manolo el del bombo
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- From 1963 to 1993 Spain participated with its amateur team
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