Spanish Peaks

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Spanish Peaks
Spanish Peaks.JPG
Highest point
Elevation 13,626 ft (4,153 m)
Coordinates Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Spanish Peaks is located in Colorado
Spanish Peaks
Spanish Peaks
Map of Colorado
Location Huerfano County, Colorado
Designated 1976

The Spanish Peaks are a pair of prominent mountains located in southwestern Huerfano County, Colorado. The Ute Indians named them Huajatolla (pronounced Wa-ha-toy-a), meaning "two breasts" or "breasts of the Earth".[1]

The two peaks, West Spanish Peak (13,626 feet or 4,153 meters) and East Spanish Peak (12,683 feet or 3,866 meters), are east of, and separate from, the Culebra Range of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. West Spanish Peak is the easternmost mountain over 4,000 meters in the United States.

The Spanish Peaks were formed by two separate shallow (or hypabyssal) igneous intrusions during the Late-Oligocene epoch of the Paleogene Period.[2][3] West Spanish Peak is an older (24.59 +/- 0.13 Ma) quartz syenite while East Spanish Peak (23.36 +/- 0.18 Ma) is composed of granite and granodiorite porphyry.[4][5]

The Spanish Peaks were designated a National Natural Landmark in 1976 as one of the best known examples of igneous dikes.[6]

They were an important landmark on the Santa Fe Trail. The mountains can be seen as far north as Colorado Springs (133 miles (214 km)), as far west as Alamosa (85 miles (137 km)), points south to Raton, New Mexico (65 miles (105 km)), and points east of Trinidad (up to 15 miles (24 km)).

The Spanish Peaks Wilderness area of 17,855 acres (72.3 km2) encompasses the summits of both Spanish peaks. Hiking is popular in the wilderness area.

See also


  1. Evans, Frances P. (August 1958). "The Mystic Huajatolla". Trail and Timberline. Colorado Mountain Club: 103.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Chronic, Halka (1998). Roadside Geology of Colorado. Mountain Press Publishing Company. p. 36. ISBN 0-87842-105-X.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Igneous Petrology of the Spanish Peaks". February 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Penn, B. S. (1994). An Investigation of the temporal and geochemical characteristics and petrogenetic origins of the Spanish Peaks intrusive rocks of south-central Colorado (Thesis). Colorado School of Mines. p. 199.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  6. "National Registry of Natural Landmarks" (PDF). National Park Service. June 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links