Ssuuna II of Buganda

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Ssekabaka Ssuuna II Kalema Kisinjo
Kabaka of Buganda
Reign 1832 - 1856
Predecessor Kamaanya of Buganda
Successor Muteesa I of Buganda
Born 1820
Bujuuko Hill
Died 1856
Wamala, Kyaddondo
Burial Wamala, Kyaddondo
Spouse He married at least 148 wives
Father Kamaanya of Buganda
Mother Namasole Nakkazi Kannyange

Ssuuna II Kalema Kasinjo Mukaabya Sekkyungwa Muteesa Sewankambo Walugembe Mig'ekyaamye Lukeberwa Kyetutumula Magulunyondo Luwambya Omutanda Sseggwanga was Kabaka of the Kingdom of Buganda from 1832 until 1856. He was the twenty-ninth (29th) Kabaka of Buganda.

Claim to the throne

He was born at Bujuuko Hill around 1820. He was the son of Kabaka Kamaanya Kadduwamala, Kabaka of Buganda, who reigned between 1814 and 1832. His mother was Nakkazi Kannyange, the twenty-third (23rd) of his father's thirty-eight (38) wives. He ascended to the throne upon the death of his father in 1832. He established his capital on Mulago Hill.

Married life

Kabaka Suuna II continued in the tradition started by his grandfather and copied by his father; the practice of marrying an extraordinary number of wives. Ssuuna II outdid all of them. He is reported to have married one hundred forty eight wives.[1]


As expected, the Kabaka having married 148 wives, he fathered a large number of children. Written accounts put the number as high as two hundred and twenty-one (221). This reference lists the names of all of them, giving the names of their mothers in most cases.[2]

His reign

Kabaka Ssuuna was only twelve 12 years when he ascended to the throne. He was a handsome boy, taking after the looks of his mother, Nakkazi Kannyange, reportedly one of the most beautiful women in Buganda at the time. He began as a popular monarch, loved by his people.

However, as he grew more confident, he became cocky and ruthless. He gave himself a string of names that implied invincibility and super-normal powers. He ordered the execution of fifty eight (58) of his sixty brothers. Only two (2) escaped the carnage:

  • Prince (Omulangira) Wasajja, whose mother was Nakkazi of the Mamba clan (not Nakkazi Kannyange)
  • Prince (Omulangira) Mugogo, whose mother was Kyotowadde of the Mamba clan

By the time of his death Kabaka Ssuuna II turned out to be one of the most ruthless of the Buganda kings.[3]

The final years

Kabaka Ssuuna II died from smallpox, at Wamala, in October 1856. His remains are currently buried at Wamala.[4]

Wamala Tombs

Set on a hilltop with beautiful surroundings, Wamala is the sacred burial place of Kabaka Ssuuna II, who had 148 wives and 218 children. Suuna II was the last Kabaka to be buried in his own palace and the last to have his jaw bone removed after death. He was also the first Kabaka to admit outside traders into Buganda. A magical but almost forgotten place, Wamala Tombs is quite unique. It is a thirty-minute drive from Kampala along Kampala-Hoima Road. It is located on a hilltop about 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) after the right turn, off Hoima Road.[5]

Succession table

Preceded by
Kamaanya Kadduwamala
King of Buganda
1832 - 1856
Succeeded by
Muteesa I Mukaabya

See also


  1. "Kabaka Ssuuna II Married 148 Wives". Retrieved 5 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "The Abalasangeye Dynasty". Retrieved 5 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Spinner, C.R. (11 June 2003). "The Reign of Kabaka Ssuuna II". Hartford-Hwp.Com. Retrieved 5 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Kabaka Ssuuna II Is Buried At Wamala, Kyaddondo". Retrieved 5 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "About Wamala Tombs". Uganda Travel Guide. Retrieved 5 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links