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Stableford is a scoring system used in the sport of golf. Rather than counting the total number of strokes taken, as in stroke play, it involves scoring points based on the number of strokes taken at each hole. Unlike traditional scoring methods, where the aim is to have the lowest score, under Stableford rules, the objective is to have the highest score.

The Stableford system was developed by Dr. Frank Barney Gorton Stableford (1870–1959), to deter golfers from giving up on their round after just one or two bad holes. It was first used informally at the Glamorganshire Golf Club, Penarth, Wales, in 1898, and first used in competition at Wallasey Golf Club in Wallasey, England, in 1932.[1][2]

Stableford can have the added benefit of speeding up the pace of play, as once it is no longer possible to score a point, a player does not have to complete the hole but can simply pick up his/her ball and proceed to the next hole.[3] It is a popular form of the game, especially at club level and particularly in the United Kingdom, as it is still possible to record a competitive score despite having the occasional bad hole.[4]


The number of points awarded on each hole is determined based on comparison of the number of strokes taken to a fixed score, usually par. This fixed score is then adjusted in relation to the player's handicap. Once a player has taken two strokes more than the adjusted fixed score, they may pick up their ball as it is then not possible to score any points on that hole. They can then resume play on the next hole. Because of this, it is still possible to be competitive even allowing for a few bad holes. At the end of the round, the number of points scored on each hole is totaled to give a final score. The winner of a Stableford competition is the player with the highest point total.[3][5] Final scores may be modified for all players using the Competition Stableford Adjustment system.

In the United Kingdom, the fixed score would be adjusted as per the stroke indexes (SI) of the holes, starting at the lowest stroke index 1 hole, through to the highest, stroke index 18. For example, a 12 handicap golfer would increase the fixed score on holes indexed 1 through 12, a 24 handicap player would increase the score by 2 on holes indexed 1 through 6 and by one for the rest, and a plus handicap player would reduce the fixed scores starting at the stroke index 18 hole.[6]

The number of points awarded per hole as specified by the R&A and the United States Golf Association are as follows:[7]

Points Strokes taken in relation to adjusted fixed score
0 2 strokes or more over, or no score recorded
1 1 stroke over
2 Same number of strokes
3 1 stroke under
4 2 strokes under
5 3 strokes under
6 4 strokes under

Modified Stableford

The standard Stableford system can be altered to use different point levels, commonly referred to as a Modified Stableford system. For example, in professional golf, the following scoring table has been used:[8]

Points Strokes taken in relation to par
+8 Albatross (3 strokes under par)
+5 Eagle (2 strokes under par)
+2 Birdie (1 stroke under par)
0 Par
−1 Bogey (1 stroke over par)
−3 Double bogey or worse (2 strokes or more over par)

This points scale encourages aggressive play, since the reward for scoring under par is higher than the penalty for scoring over par.

Professional tournaments

Very few professional tournaments have used a Stableford scoring system.

The first PGA Tour event that used a Stableford system of scoring was The International in Colorado, although it used a modified version of the scoring system adapted for the skill levels of the professionals and to encourage attacking play.[9] The event was cancelled in February 2007, after 21 years as part of the tour.[10] The modified Stableford system returned to the PGA Tour at the Reno-Tahoe Open in 2012. Both events were held at high elevation.

On the European Tour, the ANZ Championship, which ran for three years from 2002, used the same modified Stableford scoring system as The International.[11] The Royal Swazi Sun Open on the Sunshine Tour has used the same system since 2003.[12] Two Champions Tour events also used the modified Stableford system briefly. They were the Royal Caribbean Classic in 2000 and 2001,[13] and the Uniting Fore Care Classic in 2002. In the latter case, it was seen as a final attempt to save the failing tournament.[14]

The American Century Celebrity Golf Classic, a celebrity tournament played at Edgewood Tahoe Golf Course in Stateline, Nevada, has used a modified Stableford scoring format since 2004.[15] It is also at high elevation.

See also


  1. Corrigan, Peter (August 3, 2008). "The Hacker: With a name like Stableford, we've got to name a horse after him". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2009-07-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Dr Frank Stableford". Wallasey Golf Club. Retrieved 2009-07-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 "How stableford scoring works". BBC Sport. 2005-09-16. Retrieved 2009-07-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Stableford celebrates 100 years". Golf Today. September 30, 1998. Retrieved 2009-07-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Rule 32. Bogey, Par and Stableford Competitions". USGA. Retrieved 2009-07-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Rules of Stableford Scoring". Golf Today. Retrieved 2009-07-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Rule 32". Retrieved 17 March 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Stableford>"About The Modified Stableford Scoring Format". Retrieved 17 March 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Modified Stableford system benefits aggressive player". ESPN. August 9, 2006. Retrieved 2009-07-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Ferguson, Doug (February 8, 2007). "International tournament cancellation leaves July hole in PGA Tour schedule". USA Today. Retrieved 2009-07-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. McGuire, Bernie (February 6, 2002). "Mixed points of view". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-11-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Moore chips away at Swazi title". Independent Online (South Africa). May 16, 2003. Retrieved 2009-07-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Champions Ready to Resume Action". Golf Channel. January 30, 2004. Retrieved 2009-07-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "Five years after folding up its tent in Park City, Champions Tour going strong". Deseret News. August 2, 2007. Retrieved 2009-07-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links