Stanley Cohen (biochemist)

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Stanley Cohen
Stanley Cohen-Biochemist.jpg
Stanley Cohen
Born (1922-11-17) November 17, 1922 (age 96)
Brooklyn, New York
Nationality American
Fields Biochemistry
Institutions Vanderbilt University Washington University in St. Louis
Alma mater University of Michigan
Oberlin College
Brooklyn College
Thesis The Nitrogenous Metabolism of the Earthworm (1949)
Doctoral advisor Howard B. Lewis[1][2]
Known for Nerve growth factor
Notable awards Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize (1983)
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1986)
Franklin Medal (1987)

Stanley Cohen (born November 17, 1922) is an American biochemist who, along with Rita Levi-Montalcini, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1986.[3][4][5][6]

Early life and education

Cohen was born in Brooklyn, New York, November 17, 1922 the son of Fannie (née Feitel) and Louis Cohen, a tailor.[7] Cohen received his bachelor's degree in 1943 from Brooklyn College, where he had double-majored in chemistry and biology. After working as a bacteriologist at a milk processing plant to earn money, he received his Master of Arts in zoology from Oberlin College in 1945. He earned a Ph.D. from the department of biochemistry at the University of Michigan in 1948.

Research

Working with Rita Levi-Montalcini (co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in 1986) at Washington University in St. Louis in the 1950s, Cohen isolated nerve growth factor and then went on to discover epidermal growth factor.[8] He continued his research on cellular growth factors after moving to Vanderbilt University in 1959. His research on cellular growth factors has proven fundamental to understanding the development of cancer and designing anti-cancer drugs.

Cohen also received the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University together with Rita Levi-Montalcini in 1983 and the National Medal of Science in 1986.

References

  1. Cohen, S.; Lewis, H. B. (1949). "The nitrogenous metabolism of the earthworm (Lumbricus terrestris)". The Journal of biological chemistry. 180 (1): 79–91. PMID 18133376.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Cohen, S.; Lewis, H. B. (1950). "The nitrogenous metabolism of the earthworm (Lumbricus terrestric). II. Arginase and urea synthesis". The Journal of biological chemistry. 184 (2): 479–484. PMID 15428427.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Cohen, Stanley (1993). "Epidermal Growth Factor" (PDF). In Tore Frängsmyr and Jan Lindsten (Eds.). Nobel Lectures, Physiology or Medicine 1981-1990. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co. ISBN 978-981-02-0793-9. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Cohen's Nobel Lecture.
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  7. http://www.bookrags.com/biography/stanley-cohen-woh/
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External links