Sultanate of Dawaro

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Sultanate of Dawaro
Country  Ethiopia
Titles Sulṭān
Founder ʿAli Madaḥweyne Dir Aji Irir Samāle

The Sultanate of Dawaro was a sultanate founded around the 10th century by the Dawaro clan of the Jarso people.

Origins

By Somali reckoning, the founder of the clan is Dawaro Jārso ʿAli Madaḥweyne Dir Aji Irir Samāle. After the Oromo migrations, the ʿAli Madaḥweyne Dir were absorbed into the Afran Qallo Barentuma confederation, and today the Jarso are reckoned as Jārsō Daggā Qāllō Barentuma Oromō.

Vassal state

Emperor Amda Seyon I of Abyssinia conquered many of the adjacent independent Muslim sultanates during his reign. In 1329, Sulṭān Ḥaydar of Dawaro was captured and imprisoned together with his ally Sulṭān Sabir ad-Dīn Maḥamed. Despite several rebellions and a brief period when Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi (Ahmed Gurey) captured Dawaro, the Sultanate would remain under Abyssinian suzerainty until it was finally conquered by the Oromo in the 16th century.

Legacy

Dawaro was a major power prior to its defeat and subjugation. It was roughly equal in size, population and power to the early Ifat Sultanate.[1]

Sultans of Dawaro

Ruler Name Reign Note
 ? Ḥaydar (or Haydara)  ??? - 1329 Ally of Sulṭān SabiradDīn Maḥamed "Waqōyi" Naḥwi of Ifat, imprisoned along with him by Amda Seyon I

Notes

  1. Islamic History and Culture in Southern Ethiopia: Collected Essays