Syrian Turkmen Brigades

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Syrian Turkmen Brigades
Suriye Türkmen Ordusu
Suriye Türkmen Cephesi

Participant in the Syrian Civil War
Official Flag of Syrian Turkmen.jpg
Official flag of Syrian Turkmen as declared by the official governing body of Turkmen in Syria, the Syrian Turkmen Assembly on 25th November 2015.
Active 2012–present
Ideology Turkish nationalism
Allegiance Syrian Turkmen Assembly
Area of operations Aleppo Governorate

Latakia Governorate

Syria–Turkey border
Strength 10,000 (2013)[1]
Part of Free Syrian Army
Fatah Halab
Jaysh Halab[2][3]
Ansar al-Sharia[4]
Hawar Kilis Operations Room
Rad al-Mazalem
Battles and wars Syrian Civil War
Website {{#property:P856}}
Other flags used by Syrian Turkmen fighters and brigades on the battlefield and at various places

Syrian Turkmen Brigades, also called the Syrian Turkmen Army (Turkish: Suriye Türkmen Ordusu/Cephesi), are an informal armed opposition structure composed of Syrian Turkmen that form the military wing of the Syrian Turkmen Assembly, primarily fighting against the Syrian Armed Forces, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the Syrian Democratic Forces.[12] They are aligned with the Syrian opposition and are heavily supported by Turkey whom provide funding and military training along with artillery and aerial support.[13][14][15]


In November 2015, Syrian Turkmen Brigades and al-Nusra Front fighters were engaged in heavy fighting against the Syrian government forces supported by the Shiite militias and the Russian air force.[16] Turkmen forces have been the target of heavy Russian bombing in 2015, with reported civilian casualties which have been interpreted as a Russian effort aiming to change the ethnic dynamics of the region.[17][18][19] On November 24, 2015 a Russian Su-24 fighter was shot down by Turkish forces for allegedly violating Turkish airspace, near the Syrian border. The aircraft crashed on Syrian land. The two pilots ejected and were shot at in the air while using their parachutes by the Syrian Turkmen Brigades.[20][21]

Military structure

The Turkmen groups in the province of Latakia are the Brigade of Turkmen Mountain and 2nd Coastal Division.

In Aleppo, where they have a stronghold, there most prominent Turkmen groups in the area are Sultan Murad Division, Syrian Turkmen Front, Sultan Selim Brigade and Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror.[22][23][24][25][26]

In the Federation of Northern Syria, the Turkmen groups present are Seljuq Brigade and Manbij Turkmen Brigade. These groups unlike other Turkmen groups are aligned to the Syrian Democratic Forces and not the Free Syrian Army.

See also


  1. Turkmen seek key positions in new Syrian cabinet., Asianet, Globalpost, 3 April 2013, quoted: Approximately 10,000 Syrian Turkmen are involved in these brigades.
  5. "Генпрокуратуру попросили признать убившую пилота Су-24 группу террористической". Lenta. 30 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Grey Wolves take on black flag in Syria". Intelligence Online. 2 December 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Greek Defense Ministry confirms Russian Su-24M bomber was downed in Syrian airspace". TASS. 2 December 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Who are the Turkmen in Syria?". BBC News. Retrieved 25 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Syrian war's al-Qaida affiliate calls for terror attacks in Russia". The Guardian. 13 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Sami Kohen (26 December 2015). "Suriye Türkmenleri dört cephede savaşıyor (Syrian Turkmen fighting on 4 fronts)". Milliyet. Retrieved 27 December 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Statement: "Kurdish people is not our enemy, but PYD and YPG are, because they kicked Turkmen from their homes, burned villages and are currently trying to displace Turkmen and help Assad against them"
  11. 11.0 11.1 ORSAM 2013.
  12. ORSAM 2013, p. 14.
  16. "After shooting down Russian jet, what's next for Turkey?". Al-Monitor. 26 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Who Are Syria's Ethnic Turkmen And Why Is Russia Bombing Them? Russian Plane Shot Down Over Turkmen Mountain Region
  18. Turkey condemns attack on Syrian Turkmen village, summons Russian envoy
  19. Russian raids repeatedly hit Syrian Turkmen areas, Moscow's data shows
  20. "Turkey 'shoot down warplane on Syria border'". BBC News. Retrieved 24 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "Turkey downing of Russia jet 'stab in the back' - Putin". BBC News. Retrieved 24 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>