Christopher Smout

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Thomas Christopher Smout CBE, FBA, FRSE, FSA Scot, (born 19 December 1933) is a Scottish academic, historian, author and Historiographer Royal in Scotland.[1]

Early life

Smout was educated at The Leys School and Clare College, Cambridge.[2]


Smout taught at the University of Edinburgh, from 1959 until 1980.[2] At Edinburgh, he rose steadily through the academic ranks in the Department of Economic History – as an Assistant Lecturer (1959–62), as a Lecturer (1962–64), and as a Reader (1964–70) before being appointed as Professor of Economic History in 1970.

At St Andrews University from 1980 to 1991, Smout held the Chair of Scottish History.[2] He is now Professor Emeritus in History at St Andrews University.[3]

Smout was a Visiting Professor at the University of Strathclyde from 1991; and he has lectured in Japan, in China, in the United States, in Canada and in Australia.[4]

Smout has written extensively on demographic history and many aspects of economic history. Since the mid-1990s, he has developed the new discipline of environmental history in Scotland, giving the Ford Lectures in Oxford in 1999, published under the title of Nature Contested, Environmental History in Scotland and Northern England since 1600. His most recent publications in this field have been in woodland history[3] and an environmental history of the Firth of Forth. His focus extends beyond the purely academic. For example, Smout has argued that conservationists should judge species based on whether or not they are pests, ignoring their origins.[5]

Smout used his position to argue in favour of reviving the title "Princess Lyon;" and he suggested that the Princess Royal should be known by this title when she is in Scotland,[6] much in the same way her brother, the Prince of Wales and Duke of Cornwall is traditionally identified as the Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick and Lord of the Isles when he is in Scotland.

Smout has also interested himself in small local issues.[7]

Public service commitments

Royal appointments

Selected works

  • Smout, Christopher (1963), Scottish trade on the eve of union, 1660–1707<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • ——— (1969), A History of the Scottish People 1560–1830<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • Smout, Christopher, ed. (1974), Essays in social history |editor2-first= missing |editor2-last= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • ——— (1977), Comparative aspects of Scottish and Irish economic and social history, 1600–1900<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • Smout, Christopher, ed. (1979), The Search for wealth and stability: essays in economic and social history |editor2-first= missing |editor2-last= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • ——— (1979), The state of the Scottish working-class in 1843: a statistical and spatial enquiry based on the data from the Poor Law Commission Report of 1844<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • ——— (1986), A Century of the Scottish People 1830–1950<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • ——— (1986), Scotland and Europe 1200–1850<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • Smout, Christopher; Wood, Sydney, eds. (1990), Scottish Voices 1745–1960<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • Smout, Christopher, ed. (1992), Scotland and the Sea<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • Smout, Christopher, ed. (1993), Scotland Since Prehistory – Natural Change and Human Impact<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • Smout, Christopher; Foster, S, eds. (1994), The History of Soils and Field Systems<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • ———, Prices, food, and wages in Scotland, 1550–1780, 1995<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • ——— (1997), Scottish Woodland History<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • Smout, Christopher; Lambert, RA, eds. (1999), Rothiemurchus: Nature and People on a Highland Estate 1500–2000<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • ———, Nature contested: environmental history in Scotland and Northern England since 1600, 2000<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • Smout, Christopher; Menzies, Gordon, eds. (2001), In search of Scotland<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • ——— (2003), People and woods in Scotland: a history<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • ——— (2012), The Firth of Forth, An Environmental History<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.



  1. "Birthdays," The Times (London). 19 December 2007.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 Gazetter for Scotland: Prof. T. Christopher Smout, biography
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "Smout", Union Conference (PDF) (biographical notes), UK: University of Dundee, 21 November 2006, retrieved 27 January 2007<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  4. Union Conference (PDF) (in Japanese), JP: NII, 15 September 2007CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  5. Moore, Matthew. "Campaigns to protect native species 'are racist'," The Telegraph (London). 26 January 2009.
  6. Clarke, Peter. "Long live the Lord of the Isles," New Statesman.1 November 1999.
  7. Smit, Claire. "Historiographer Royal speaks out against plans to turn church at heart of ancient burial ground into luxury family home," Scotsman (Edinburgh). 29 March 2008.
  8. Scape trust<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  9. Institute of Scottish Historical Research, UK: St Andrew's<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  10. "Smout", Royal Commission (biographical notes), London: Prime Minister's Office, 6 March 2002 External link in |publisher= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.


External links