Taj al-Din al-Subki

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Tāj al-Dīn al-Subkī
Personal Details
Born AH 727/728
Died AH 771
Ethnicity Arab
Era Medieval era
Region Arab World
Religion Islam
Jurisprudence Shafi'i[1]
Creed Ash'ari[1][2]
Main interest(s) Islamic theology, Hadith, Islamic jurisprudence

Tāj al-Dīn al-Subkī was a leading Islamic scholar during the Mamluk era. He was an expert on hadith and fiqh (jurisprudence) as well as a historian.[1][3]


Tāj al-Dīn al-Subkī was born in Cairo in 727/1327 or 728/1328. He was first educated by his father, the celebrated scholar Taqi al-Din al-Subki.[3] When he was 11 years old he moved with his family to Damascus and it was principally in the Syrian capital that al-Subkī received his education. Here he studied under some of the leading scholars of his day such as the historian Dhahabi and the jurist Ibn al-Naqīb.[3]

At the age of 18, he started teaching and in his late twenties he began to assist his father as chief judge of Damascus. Soon after, he was formally authorised to take his father's position and for the rest of his life, he served as chief judge in the Syrian capital.[3] He also held positions as Professor, Mufti, and Qadi, in Damascus and Cairo, where he was Khatib of the Umayyad Mosque.[4]

He died in 771/1370 at 44 years of age.[3]


Tāj al-Dīn al-Subkī's most celebrated work in the eyes of both Muslim and Western scholars is his great biographical dictionary of Shafi'i scholars, the Tabaqat al-shafi'iyya.[1]

Another famous work of Tāj al-Dīn al-Subkī is his Mu'id al-nicam wa-mubid al-nikam which treats 113 trades, professions and offices of the author's own time, in the light of how their exponents should behave in order to recover God's favour.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Bosworth, C.E.; van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W.P.; Lecomte, G. (1997). Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume IX (San-Sze). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 744. ISBN 9004104224.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Adang, Camilla; Fierro, Maribel; Schmidtke, Sabine (2012). Ibn Hazm of Cordoba: The Life and Works of a Controversial Thinker (Handbook of Oriental Studies) (Handbook of Oriental Studies: Section 1; The Near and Middle East). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Academic Publishers. p. 383. ISBN 978-90-04-23424-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Berkey, Jonathan P. (2010). Saleh, Marlis J., ed. "Al-Subkī and His Women". Mamluk studies review. University of Chicago. 14: 8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Smith, Margaret (2008). Al-Ghazali the Mystic. Archetype. p. 152. ISBN 1901383164.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>