Telephos Euergetes

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Telephos Euergetes (the Benefactor)
Indo-Greek king
Coin of Telephos.jpg
Bronze coin of king Telephos.

Obv: Zeus seated on a throne, scepter in left hand, forming a benediction gesture with the right hand, similar to the Buddhist vitarka mudra. Greek legend: BASILEOS EUERGETOU TELEPHOU

Rev: Squatting man, right hand forward. Kharoshthi legend: MAHARAJASA KALAKRAMASA TELIPHASA.
Reign 75–70 BCE

Telephos Euergetes (Greek: Τήλεφος ὁ Εὐεργέτης; Euergetes means "the Benefactor") was a late Indo-Greek king who seem to have been one of the weak and brief successors of Maues. Bopearachchi dates Telephos between 75–70 BCE and places him in Gandhara, Senior to c. 60 BCE and suggests that he ruled in some parts of Pushkalavati or even further west.

Nothing is known about his dynastic connections. His few coins are rather singular and none of them bear his likeness, a rare occurrence in Indo-Greek coinage. Despite his Greek name, Telephos might therefore have been a ruler of Saka origin. His epithet was also unprecedented.

Coins of Telephos

The silver of Telephos is rare and mostly consists of drachms; only a few tetradrachms are known. On the Greek side is a serpent-footed monster holding the stems of two plants, and on the Kharoshthi side two deities that probably should be identified with Helios and Selene, the sun and moon. Both types were unique in the area, though the monster would later appear on bronzes of Hippostratos.

An example of one of his bronzes is seen above, The obverse is the common type of sitting Zeus making a benediction gesture, whereas on the reverse is the unique type of a squatting man holding what on some specimens looks like a spear, on others a palm branch.

Telephos used only two monograms, which he inherited from Maues.

Overstrikes

Telephos overstruck the earlier king Archebius.

See also

References

  • "The Greeks in Bactria and India", W.W. Tarn, Cambridge University Press.
  • "The Coin types of the Indo-Greek Kings 256-54 BCE", A.K. Narain

External links

Preceded by
Maues
as Indo-Scythian king
Indo-Greek ruler of Gandhara
75–70 BCE
Succeeded by
Azes I
as Indo-Scythian king
INDO-GREEK KINGS AND THEIR TERRITORIES
Based on Bopearachchi (1991)
Territories/
Dates
PAROPAMISADE
ARACHOSIA GANDHARA WESTERN PUNJAB EASTERN PUNJAB
200–190 BC Demetrius I DemetriusCoin.jpg
190–180 BC Agathocles AgathoclesWithAlexander.jpg PantaleonCoin of Greco-Baktrian Kingdom king Pantaleon.jpg
185–170 BC Antimachus IAntimachusMedaille.jpg
180–160 BC Apollodotus ICoin of Indo-Greek king Apollodotos I.jpg
175–170 BC Demetrius II Coin of the Baktrian king Demetrios II.jpg
170–145 BC EucratidesTetradrachm Eukratides.jpg
160–155 BC Antimachus IICoin of Antimachus II.jpg
155–130 BC Menander IMenander Alexandria-Kapisa.jpg
130–120 BC Zoilos IZoilosI-525.jpg AgathokleiaCoin of Agathokleia.jpg
120–110 BC Lysias Lysias-150.jpg Strato ICoin of Agathokleia & Strato.jpg
110–100 BC AntialcidasCoin of Antialcidas.jpg Heliokles IICoin of Heliocles II.jpg
100 BC PolyxenosCoin of Indo-Greek king Polyxenos.jpg Demetrius IIIDemetrius Aniketou.jpg
100–95 BC PhiloxenusCoin of Philoxenos.jpg
95–90 BC DiomedesCoin of Diomedes Soter.jpg Amyntas Coin of Amyntas Nicator.jpg EpanderCoin of Epander.jpg
90 BC Theophilos Theophilos-634.jpg PeukolaosPeukolaos coin.jpg Thraso
90–85 BC NiciasCoin of Indo-Greek king Nikias Soter.jpg Menander IICoin of Menander Dikaiou.jpg ArtemidorosCoin of Artimedoros.jpg
90–70 BC HermaeusHermaeusCoin.jpg ArchebiosCoin of Indo-Greek king Archebios.jpg
Yuezhi tribes Maues (Indo-Scythian)
75–70 BC Telephos Coin of Telephos.jpg Apollodotus IICoin of Appollodotos II.jpg
65–55 BC HippostratosCoin of Hippostratos.jpg DionysiosDyonisos coin.jpg
55–35 BC Azes I (Indo-Scythian) Zoilos IIZoilosIICoin.JPG
55–35 BC ApollophanesCoin of Apollophanes.jpg
25 BC – 10 AD Strato II & III Coin of Strato II.jpg
Rajuvula (Indo-Scythian)