Terra Alta, West Virginia

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Terra Alta, West Virginia
Town
Location in Preston County and the state of West Virginia.
Location in Preston County and the state of West Virginia.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Preston
Government
 • Mayor Mark Ball [1]
Area[2]
 • Total 1.19 sq mi (3.08 km2)
 • Land 1.19 sq mi (3.08 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,582 ft (787 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 1,477
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 1,490
 • Density 1,241.2/sq mi (479.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 26764
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-79708[5]
GNIS feature ID 1547983[6]

Terra Alta is a town and former coal town in Preston County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 1,477 at the 2010 census. Terra Alta was also in the running to be the county seat, but Kingwood , a town twelve miles away, surpassed it.

History

Terra Alta is a name derived from Latin meaning "high land".[7]

The James S. Lakin House and Terra Alta Bank are listed on the National Register of Historic Places [8] are located there as well.

Geography

Terra Alta is located at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. (39.444343, -79.544002).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.19 square miles (3.08 km2), all of it land.[2]

Climate

The climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Terra Alta has a marine west coast climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps.[10]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 443
1900 616 39.1%
1910 1,126 82.8%
1920 1,261 12.0%
1930 1,474 16.9%
1940 1,471 −0.2%
1950 1,649 12.1%
1960 1,504 −8.8%
1970 1,474 −2.0%
1980 1,946 32.0%
1990 1,713 −12.0%
2000 1,456 −15.0%
2010 1,477 1.4%
Est. 2014 1,490 [11] 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 1,477 people, 610 households, and 394 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,241.2 inhabitants per square mile (479.2/km2). There were 700 housing units at an average density of 588.2 per square mile (227.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.0% White, 0.7% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 610 households of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.4% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the town was 38.8 years. 24.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.1% were from 25 to 44; 27.2% were from 45 to 64; and 13.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.2% male and 52.8% female.

2000 census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,456 people, 596 households, and 417 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,220.1 inhabitants per square mile (472.4/km²). There were 690 housing units at an average density of 578.2 per square mile (223.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.18% White, 0.14% African American, 0.07% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.34% of the population.

There were 596 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $25,388, and the median income for a family was $32,692. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $17,950 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,040. About 15.6% of families and 18.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.5% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.

References

  1. http://www.prestoncountywv.org/mayors.php
  2. 2.0 2.1 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Capace, Nancy (1999). Encyclopedia of West Virginia. North American Book Dist LLC. p. 193. ISBN 978-0-403-09843-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Climate Summary for Terra Alta, West Virginia
  11. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>