Texas's 7th congressional district

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"TX-7" redirects here. TX-7 may also refer to Texas State Highway 7.
Texas's 7th congressional district
Texas's 7th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative John Culberson (RHouston)
Population (2000) 651,619
Median income $57,848
Ethnicity 77.7% White, 5.7% Black, 6.9% Asian, 18.0% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% other
Cook PVI R+14 (2012)

Texas District 7 of the United States House of Representatives is a Congressional district that serves a small area of western Harris County. As of the 2000 census, District 7 comprises 651,620 people.

One of the wealthiest districts in the state, District 7 includes several upscale areas of western Houston, wealthy enclaves of Houston, one incorporated suburb, large areas of unincorporated suburbs, and the heavily Democratic Neartown area.

The district was one of the state's first to elect a Republican to office and is now one of the most Republican districts in Texas. It has not elected a Democrat to office since 1967, before districts of equal population were required. Republican John Culberson has represented the district since 2001.

Cities within the district

Cities wholly in the district

Cities partially in the district

History of Texas' seventh district

Texas received a seventh congressional district through reapportionment in 1881 as a result of population growth reflected in the 1880 Census and in 1883, Thomas P. Ochiltree, an Independent, was elected its first representative. From 1882 to 1902 the district was located in North Central Texas and was represented by Wacoan Robert L. Henry. After the redistricting of 1902, the district shifted eastward and was represented Congressmen from Palestine and Galveston. After 1952, the district again shifted to Waco.

The district was redrawn mid-decade in 1966 after the Supreme Court ruled in Wesberry v. Sanders two years earlier that congressional district populations had to be equal or close to equal in population. As a result, Houston, which had been located entirely in District 8, was divided into three districts, one of which was District 7. Prior to 1966, the district was represented by a Wacoan, John Dowdy. From 1885 to 1966, the seventh congressional district elected only Democratic representatives to Congress.

Since the district has been located in Houston, it has only elected Republican representatives, including former President George H. W. Bush, who now lives in the district.

2012 redistricting

After the 2012 redistricting process, the 7th district lost some of its territory to the newly drawn 2nd district. The district lost most of the portion north of Jersey Village, while expanding farther west and south, so that it goes in an easterly direction bordering Interstate 10 to the south. The district now includes parts of unincorporated Harris County and Sharpstown east of the Southwest Freeway. The district lost Memorial Park, Montrose, Spring Branch and Rice University to the 2nd district.[1]

List of representatives

Name Took
Party District
District created March 4, 1883
File:ThomasOchiltree1860.jpg Thomas P. Ochiltree March 4, 1883 March 3, 1885 Independent Galveston
75px William H. Crain March 4, 1885 March 3, 1893 Democrat Indianola Redistricted to the 11th district
75px George C. Pendleton March 4, 1893 March 3, 1897 Democrat Temple
75px Robert L. Henry March 4, 1897 March 3, 1903 Democrat Waco Redistricted to the 11th district
No image.svg Alexander W. Gregg March 4, 1903 March 3, 1919 Democrat Palestine
75px Clay Stone Briggs March 4, 1919 April 29, 1933 Democrat Galveston Died
Vacant April 29, 1933 - June 24, 1933
75px Clark W. Thompson June 24, 1933 January 3, 1935 Democrat Galveston
No image.svg Nat Patton January 3, 1935 January 3, 1945 Democrat Crockett
No image.svg Tom Pickett January 3, 1945 June 30, 1952 Democrat Palestine Resigned to become Vice President of the National Coal Association
Vacant June 30, 1952 - September 23, 1952
File:John Dowdy.jpg John Dowdy September 23, 1952 January 3, 1967 Democrat Waco Redistricted to the 2nd district
75px George H. W. Bush January 3, 1967 January 3, 1971 Republican Houston
75px Bill Archer January 3, 1971 January 3, 2001 Republican Houston
John Culberson official photo.jpg John Culberson January 3, 2001 Present Republican Houston Incumbent

Election results

US House election, 2014: Texas District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Culberson 90,606 63.3 2.5
Democratic James Cargas 49,478 34.5 -1.9
Libertarian Gerald Fowler 4,654 2.2
Turnout 143,219
Republican hold Swing
US House election, 2012: Texas District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Culberson 142,477 60.8 -21.1
Democratic James Cargas 85,253 36.4
Libertarian Drew Parks 4,654 2 -16.1
Green Lance Findley 1,811 0.8
Turnout 234,195
Republican hold Swing
US House election, 2010: Texas District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Culberson 143,665 81.9 +26
Libertarian Bob Townsend 31,704 18.1 +16.4
Turnout 175,369
Republican hold Swing
US House election, 2008: Texas District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Culberson 162,205 55.9 -3.3
Democratic Michael Skelly 122,832 42.3 +3.8
Libertarian Drew Parks 5,036 1.7 -0.7
Turnout 290,073
Republican hold Swing
US House election, 2006: Texas District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Culberson 99,318 59.2 -4.9
Democratic Jim Henley 64,514 38.5 +5.2
Libertarian Drew Parks 3,953 2.4 +1.2
Turnout 167,785
Republican hold Swing
US House election, 2004: Texas District 7
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John Culberson 175,440 64.1 -25.1
Democratic John Martinez 91,126 33.3
Independent Paul Staton 3,713 1.4
Libertarian Drew Parks 3,372 1.2 -9.5
Majority 84,314 30.8
Turnout 273,651
Republican hold Swing -29.2

Historical district boundaries

File:TX07 109.gif
2007 - 2013

See also


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