The Big Heat
|The Big Heat|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Fritz Lang|
|Produced by||Robert Arthur|
|Screenplay by||Sydney Boehm|
|Based on||the Saturday Evening Post serial
by William P. McGivern
|Music by||Henry Vars|
|Edited by||Charles Nelson|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
|Box office||$1.25 million (US)|
The Big Heat is a 1953 film noir directed by Fritz Lang, starring Glenn Ford, Gloria Grahame and Lee Marvin. It is about a cop who takes on the crime syndicate that controls his city, after the murder of his wife. The film was written by former crime reporter Sydney Boehm, based on a serial by William P. McGivern, which appeared in the Saturday Evening Post and was published as a novel in 1953. The film was selected for inclusion in the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress in 2011.
Homicide detective Sergeant Dave Bannion (Glenn Ford), is an honest cop who investigates the death of fellow officer Tom Duncan. It would seem to be an open-and-shut case, suicide brought on by ill health. Bannion is contacted by the late cop's mistress, Lucy Chapman (Dorothy Green), who claims it could not have been suicide. She says that the Duncans had a second home, which would not have been possible on his salary. Bannion visits Mrs. Duncan (Jeanette Nolan). He asks for particulars on the second home and she resents the implication. The next day, Bannion gets a dressing-down by Lieutenant Ted Wilks (Willis Bouchey), who is under pressure from "upstairs" to close the case.
Chapman is found dead after being tortured and covered with cigarette burns. Bannion investigates, although it is not his case or his jurisdiction. After receiving threatening calls to his home, he confronts Mike Lagana (Alexander Scourby), the local mob boss. It's an open secret that Lagana runs the city, even to the point that cops guard his house while his daughter hosts a party. Lagana is astounded by Bannion's accusations in his own home: "I've seen some dummies in my time, but you're in a class by yourself."
Bannion finds that people are too scared to stand up to the crime syndicate. When warnings to Bannion go unheeded, his car is blown up and his wife Katie (Jocelyn Brando), is killed in the explosion. Feeling that the department will do little to bring the murderers to justice, Bannion resigns and sets off on a one-man crusade to get Lagana and his second-in-command Vince Stone (Lee Marvin).
When Stone viciously "punishes" a girl in a nightclub—by burning her hand with a cigar butt—Bannion stands up to him by ordering Stone and a bodyguard out of the joint, which impresses Stone's girlfriend, Debby Marsh (Gloria Grahame). Referencing the movie Gilda (also starring Glenn Ford), the background music as he exits the nightclub is " Put the Blame on Mame". Marsh tries to get friendly with Bannion, who keeps pointing out that she gets her money from a thief. Marsh states: "I've been rich and I've been poor. Believe me, rich is better." As soon as Debby unwittingly reminds Bannion of his late wife, he sends her packing, to which she retorts: "Well, you're about as romantic as a pair of handcuffs."
Debby was seen with Bannion. When she returns to Stone's penthouse, he accuses her of talking to Bannion about his activities and throws boiling coffee in her face. Debby is taken to hospital by none other than Police Commissioner Higgins, who was playing poker with Stone and his cronies at the flat. Higgins warns that he will have to file a report but Stone reminds the commissioner that he is well-paid to deal with that sort of thing.
With her face disfigured, Debby returns to Bannion, who agrees to put her up for a while. Bannion gets information about the man who had arranged the planting of the dynamite that killed his wife. Debby identifies him as Larry Gordon (Adam Williams), one of Stone's associates. Bannion forces Gordon to admit to the bombing. The trouble began because Bertha Duncan, widow of the cop who committed suicide, has papers he collected that could expose Stone and Lagana. They were intended for the DA but Mrs. Duncan kept them for herself and is collecting blackmail payments from Lagana.
Told by Debby that killing for revenge would make him no better than Vince Stone, Bannion refrains from killing Gordon, instead spreading the word that Gordon had talked and Gordon is murdered by Stone's men. Bannion next confronts Mrs. Duncan, accusing her of betraying Chapman, causing her death and protecting Lagana and Stone "for the sake of a soft plush life." Cops sent by Lagana arrive just in time and Bannion departs when they do.
Stone decides to kidnap Bannion's little daughter Joyce (Linda Bennett), who is staying with an aunt and uncle with a police guard nearby. When the police guard is called away at the behest of Lagana, to further the kidnap plot, the uncle calls in a few army buddies for their protection. Satisfied that she is in good hands, Bannion sets off to deal with Stone. On the way he meets Lieutenant Wilks (Willis Bouchey), who is now prepared to make a stand against the mob, admitting that, in spite of concern over what might happen to his pension, "It's the first time in years I've breathed good clean air."
Debby goes to see Mrs. Duncan. Noting they are both wearing the same expensive coats, Debby remarks that they are "sisters under the mink" and have benefited from an association with gangsters. She kills Mrs. Duncan, starting the process that will see Tom Duncan's evidence surface and bring about Stone's and Lagana's downfall.
Stone returns to his penthouse. Debby throws boiling coffee at him, just as he had done to her. Stone shoots her but after a short gun battle is captured by Bannion, who had followed him to the flat. As Debby lies dying, Bannion describes his late wife to her in terms of their relationship, rather than the physical "police description" he gave earlier: "You and Katie would have gotten along fine," he tells her. Stone is arrested for murder, Duncan's evidence is made public and Lagana and Commissioner Higgins are indicted. Bannion returns to his job at Homicide.
- Glenn Ford as Det. Sgt. Dave Bannion
- Gloria Grahame as Debby Marsh
- Lee Marvin as Vince Stone
- Jeanette Nolan as Bertha Duncan
- Alexander Scourby as Mike Lagana
- Jocelyn Brando as Katie Bannion
- Adam Williams as Larry Gordon, the car bomber
- Kathryn Eames as Marge, Bannion's sister-in-law
- Linda Bennett as Joyce Bannion, the Bannions' young daughter
- Chris Alcaide as George Rose
- Peter Whitney as Tierney
- Willis Bouchey as Lt. Ted Wilks
- Robert Burton as Det. Gus Burke
- Howard Wendell as Police Commissioner Higgins
- Michael Granger as Hugo (police clerk)
- Dorothy Green as Lucy Chapman
- Carolyn Jones as Doris
- Dan Seymour as Mr. Atkins
- Edith Evanson as Selma Parker
The film was based on a serial by William P. McGivern, which appeared in the Saturday Evening Post from December 1952 and was published as a novel in 1953. Initially, McGivern's novel was to be produced by Jerry Wald, who wanted either Paul Muni, George Raft or Edward G. Robinson (who worked with director Fritz Lang in Woman in the Window and Scarlet Street) for the role of Dave Bannion. Columbia Pictures paid $40,000 for McGivern's novel. Lang directed the film while Sydney Boehm wrote it.
Boehm made many changes from the novel such as name changes. Commissioner Higgins is not in the novel and Lieutenant Wilks is the corrupt policeman. A honest policeman called Cranston, who was in the novel, was also omitted from the film.
In the novel, it is only known that Deery was blackmaliling Lagana in the end. Debby shoots her and then mortally wounds herself. After Stone is cornered by Bannion, he is killed by another policeman. Instead of taking place in the fictional city of Kenport, the film takes place in Philadelphia.
Rex Reason was slated to play either Tierney or Detective Burke, but his agent wanted a larger part. Eventually, Reason wasn't cast and Peter Whitney and Robert Burton were cast respectively in the roles of Tierney and Burke.
In the scene where Stone and Bannion first meet each other, Put the Blame On Mame is played by the musical group at the bar. This song was used in the 1946 noir classic Gilda, which starred Ford and Rita Hayworth and was also produced by Columbia. 
The New York Times and Variety both gave The Big Heat very positive reviews. Bosley Crowther of the Times described Glenn Ford "as its taut, relentless star" and praises Lang for bringing "forth a hot one with a sting." Variety characterized Lang's direction as "tense" and "forceful." Critic Roger Ebert listed the film among his category of "Great Movies"; he praised the film's supporting actors.
Writer David M. Meyer states that the film never overcomes the basic repulsiveness of its hero, but notes that some parts of the film, though violent, are better than the film as a whole. "Best known is Gloria Grahame's disfigurement at the hands of über-thug Lee Marvin, who flings hot coffee into her face."
According to film critic Grant Tracey, the film turns the role of the femme fatale on its head: "Whereas many noirs contain the tradition of the femme-fatale, the deadly spiderwoman who destroys her man and his family and career, The Big Heat inverts this narrative paradigm, making Ford [Det. Bannion] the indirect agent of fatal destruction. All four women he meets—from clip joint singer, Lucy Chapman, to gun moll Debby—are destroyed."
In December 2011, The Big Heat was selected for inclusion in the Library of Congress' National Film Registry. Proclaiming it "one of the great post-war noir films", the Registry stated that The Big Heat "manages to be both stylized and brutally realistic, a signature of its director Fritz Lang."
Home Video Release
On October 9th, 2015, Twilight Time Movies announced on the Home Theater Forum that they will be releasing The Big Heat(1953) on Blu-ray. Pre-orders will start being accepted in late January 2016 with a release date of February 9th, 2016.
American Film Institute Lists
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills - Nominated
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes: "We're sisters under the same mink." - Nominated
- AFI's 10 Top 10 - Nominated Gangster Film
- 'The Top Box Office Hits of 1953', Variety, January 13, 1954
- "The 100 Best Film Noirs of All Time". Paste. August 9, 2015. Retrieved August 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Blottner, Gene (2015). "Columbia Pictures: A Complete Filmography, 1940-1962". McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-7014-3. Missing or empty
- Crowther, Bosley (October 15, 1953). "The Screen In Review; 'The Big Heat' Has Premiere at the Criterion -- 'Grapes Are Ripe' Also Opens Here". New York Times. Retrieved January 8, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Variety staff (January 1, 1953). "The Big Heat". Variety. Retrieved January 9, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Ebert, Roger (June 6, 2004). "The Big Heat (1953)". The Chicago Sun Times.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Meyer, David M. (1998). A Girl and a Gun: The Complete Guide to Film Noir on Video. Avon Books. ISBN 0-380-79067-X.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Tracey, Grant (January 1997). "10 Shades of Noir: The Big Heat". Images (2). Retrieved January 8, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "2011 National Film Registry More Than a Box of Chocolates". Library of Congress. December 28, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills Nominees
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes Nominees
- AFI's 10 Top 10 Ballot
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