The Eighth (United States)

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The Eighth
Battle of New Orleans, January 1815. Copy of lithograph by Kurz and Allison, published 1890., ca. 1900 - 1982 - NARA - 531128.tif
Battle of New Orleans, January 1815
Observed by United States (1828-1861)
Type National
Date January 8
Frequency annual

The Eighth was a federal holiday in the United States from 1828 until 1861. It honored the Battle of New Orleans, which took place on January 8, 1815, with Tennessee's Andrew Jackson leading a successful battle against regular British soldiers and freed slaves. The holiday was celebrated widely across the US South after this final battle in the War of 1812. "The Eighth" became an official national holiday in 1828, following Jackson's election as President. The Eighth continued as an official national holiday from 1828 until the advent of the American Civil War.

The holiday remains largely forgotten by the American public.[1]

According to the Bryan Times article from January 4, 2005, the battle was a "major turning point" in American history, but many people who live in New Orleans did not even know that the battle happened in their city. As it was the final war waged against England, it turns out to be America's second independence.[2] Historians recalled that celebrations were larger than Christmas and was only surpassed by Independence Day.[3]

See also

References

  1. "The War of 1812", Northeast Regional Office, National Park Service, Eastern National, published in 2013, p. 147
  2. "The Battle of New Orleans was once a National Holiday".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "War Stories".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>