The European (newspaper)
Front page of the first edition
Time magazine (15 May 1990) reported that Maxwell originally envisioned a daily with a circulation of 650,000, but by the launch date plans had been cut down to a more realistic weekly with circulation of 225,000. In reality, the circulation peaked at 180,000, over half of which was British.
The Barclay brothers bought the newspaper in 1992, investing an estimated $110 million and in 1996 transforming it into a high-end tabloid format oriented at the business community edited by Andrew Neil.
Maxwell founded the paper in the fervor which immediately followed the destruction of the Berlin Wall and collapse of the Iron Curtain - The European's name is a reflection of the feelings of pan-European unity which were brought on by the historic changes, an ideal which Maxwell wholeheartedly supported. Among its innovations was a weekly short fiction contribution from published and previously unpublished writers.
Former contributors (partial list)
- 1990: Ian Watson
- 1991: John Bryant
- 1992: Charles Garside
- 1993: Herbert Pearson
- 1994: Charles Garside
- 1996: Andrew Neil
- 1998: Gerry Malone
- Michał Jacuński (Fall 2008). "The role of European political parties in closing the communication gap within the European Union. A critical view" (PDF). Central European Journal of Communication. 1 (1). Retrieved 31 December 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Cusack, Andrew (21 July 2008). "The life & death of The European: An idea before its time or the mad dream of a master swindler?". Norumbega. Retrieved 1 June 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Robert Maxwell's The European, Magforum.com