Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment
|Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment|
Cap Badge of the Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment
|Active||9 September 1992 – present|
|Role||1st Battalion — Armoured Infantry
2nd Battalion — Light Infantry
3rd Battalion — Army Reserve
|Part of||Queen's Division|
|Garrison/HQ||RHQ - HM Tower of London
1st Battalion - Paderborn, Germany
2nd Battalion - Dhekelia, Cyprus
3rd Battalion - Canterbury
|Motto||"Honi soit qui mal y pense" "Shame on him who thinks ill of it" |
|March||Quick - The Farmer's Boy/Soldiers of the Queen
Slow - The Minden Rose
|Colonel in Chief||HM Queen Margrethe II of Denmark |
|Brigadier Richard William Dennis OBE |
|Tactical recognition flash|
From Royal Hampshire Regiment
The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (or PWRR, also known as 'the Tigers') is the senior English line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queen's Division, and second only in line infantry order of precedence to the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment was formed on 9 September 1992 by the amalgamation of the Queen's Regiment and the Royal Hampshire Regiment and holds the earliest battle honour in the British Army (Tangier 1662–80). Through its ancestry via the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2nd Regiment of Foot), the PWRR is the most senior English line infantry regiment. The current regiment was named in honour of Diana, Princess of Wales.
The regiment was formed to act as the county regiment for the following areas:
Upon its creation, HRH The Princess of Wales and HM The Queen of Denmark were Allied Colonels-in-Chief of the PWRR. When the Princess divorced HRH The Prince of Wales, she resigned as Colonel-in-chief and the Queen of Denmark has remained its Colonel-in-Chief since.
The regimental headquarters (RHQ) is at the Tower of London, whilst the regiment itself comprises three battalions:
- 1st Battalion — Armoured Infantry 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade
- 2nd Battalion — Light Infantry 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade
- 3rd Battalion — Army Reserve Light Infantry (2nd (South East) Brigade)
Structure and postings
The 1st Battalion served a seven-month tour of Iraq in 2004 with a second tour following in 2006, and finally a tour in 2009 where the battalion was split between Afghanistan and Iraq (last combat operation in Iraq). Many of the operations carried out by the battalion during the first tour were named after stations on the London Underground. Elements of 1 PWRR helped train the Iraqi National Army and oversaw the withdrawal of UK Forces from Basra. 1st Battalion was deployed to Afghanistan again in August 2011 to form the nucleus of the Police Mentoring Advisory Group (PMAG) with individual companies detached to other Battlegroups around Helmand province. The 1st Battalion under Army 2020 will move from Paderborn, Germany to be stationed at Bulford Camp.
The regiment's 2nd Battalion were based in Ballykelly, Northern Ireland, the last resident battalion deployed in this role under Operation Banner. After two years at Alexandria Barracks in Dhekelia in Cyprus, they moved to Woolwich Garrison, London, to take up a Public Duties role in August 2010, a role they performed for three years. 2nd Battalion deployed to Cyprus again in 2014. It will be one of the infantry units rotating between the UK and British Forces Cyprus.
Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment Museum
The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment Museum is located in Dover Castle, Dover, Kent. Exhibits trace the regiment's history, and include displays of photographs, paintings, weapons, badges, medals, uniforms and regimental regalia.
Victoria Cross and other decorations
The regiment as a whole has attained fifty-seven Victoria Cross awards making it the British Army's most decorated regiment.
A total of thirty-seven medals and awards were awarded to the regiment's 1st Battalion for their service during operations in Iraq in 2004, including a Victoria Cross, two Distinguished Service Orders, two Conspicuous Gallantry Cross, one Member of the Order of the British Empire for gallantry, ten Military Crosses, and seventeen were Mentioned in Despatches, making the regiment the most highly decorated serving regiment in the British Army at that time.
Private Johnson Beharry of the 1st Battalion, PWRR was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions during his unit's deployment to Al-Amarah, near Basrah, Whilst operating out of CIMIC House. Beharry was promoted from corporal to sergeant in early 2013.
- (combined battle honours of the Queen's Regiment, and the Royal Hampshire Regiment, with the following emblazoned:)
- Regimental Colours1: Tangier 1662-80, Namur 1695, Gibraltar 1704-5, Blenheim, Ramillies, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, Dettingen, Minden, Louisburg, Guadeloupe 1759, Quebec 1759, Belleisle, Tournay, Barrosa, Martinique 1762, Seringapatam, Maida, Corunna, Talavera, Albuhera, Almaraz, Vittoria, Peninsula, Punniar, Moodkee, Sobraon, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Lucknow, Taku Forts, Pekin 1860, New Zealand, Afghanistan 1879-80, Nile 1884-85, Burma 1885-87, Relief of Ladysmith, Paardeberg, South Africa 1899-1902, Korea 1950-51
- Queen's Colours: Mons, Retreat from Mons, Aisne 1914, Ypres 1914 '15 '17 '18, Hill 60, Festubert 1915, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Arras 1917 '18, Cambrai 1917 '18, Hindenburg Line, Italy 1917–18, Doiran 1917-18, Landing at Helles, Gaza, Jerusalem, Palestine 1917–18, Kut al Amara 1915 '17, Mesopotamia 1915–18, North West Frontier India 1915 1916-17, Dunkirk 1940, Normandy Landing, Caen, Rhine, North-West Europe 1944-45, Abyssinia 1941, El Alamein, Tebourba Gap, Hunt's Gap, Longstop Hill, North Africa 1940–43, Sicily 1943, Salerno, Anzio, Cassino, Gothic Line, Italy 1943-45, Malta 1940–42, Malaya 1941–42, Hong Kong, Defence of Kohima, Burma 1943–45
- 1. also emblazoned:
- The Naval Crown superscribed "1st June 1794" - from the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey)
- The Sphinx superscribed "Egypt" - from the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) & Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment
- The Royal Tiger superscribed "India" - from the Royal Hampshire Regiment
Order of precedence
Royal Regiment of Scotland
|Infantry Order of Precedence||Succeeded by
Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
- Canada - The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment)
- Canada - The South Alberta Light Horse
- Canada - 49th (Sault Ste Marie) Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
- Canada - The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
- Canada - The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment
- Canada - 1st Battalion, Royal New Brunswick Regiment (Carleton and York)
- Canada - The Essex and Kent Scottish Regiment
- Australia - The Royal New South Wales Regiment
- Australia - The Royal Western Australia Regiment
- Australia - University of New South Wales Regiment
- New Zealand - Hauraki Regiment
- New Zealand - Waikato Mounted Rifles
- Pakistan - 12th, 14th, 15th, and 17th Battalions, The Punjab Regiment
- France - Le 35e Régiment d'Infanterie - Bond of Friendship
- Denmark - Den Kongelige Livgarde - Bond of Friendship
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment.|
- "About PWRR | 136ACF.com - PWRR Detachment based at Wimbledon College". 136acf.wordpress.com. 2014-02-12. Retrieved 2014-04-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "The Princess of Wales' Royal Regiment (Queen's and Royal Hampshires) 1992 - Today". queensroyalsurreys.org.uk. Retrieved 12 September 2015. line feed character in
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- Colonel of the Regiment—Brigadier Richard Dennis OBE, British Army website
- The London Gazette: . 6 April 2010. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- "The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 23 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Sniper One by Sgt Dan Mills, August 2007 ISBN 978-0-7181-4994-9
- "British soldier killed in Basra shooting". The Telegraph. 12 February 2009. Retrieved 23 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment sees Afghan Police progress". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 23 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Regular Army basing
- Basing plan, page 3
- Army 2020 Update, page 7
- "2 PWRR soldiers step down from ceremonial duties". Ministry of Defence. Missing or empty
- "Meeting The Princess of Wales' Royal Regiment in Cyprus". Sussex Life. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Army 2020 Update, page 9
- "Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment Museum Tour". Retrieved 16 April 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- The London Gazette: . 18 March 2005. Retrieved 2007-12-17.
- Bunyan, Nigel (2007-03-22). "Big day for 5ft Army medic who won MC". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2007-03-22.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>