|Type||Twice weekly student newspaper|
6138 Student Union Blvd, Room 24Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1
|Circulation||12,000 (per issue)|
The Ubyssey is the University of British Columbia's official, independent student-run paper and is published every Monday and Thursday. Founded in 1918, The Ubyssey is the largest student-run paper in Western Canada, and the second largest in Canada. Notable writers throughout its history include Pierre Berton, John Turner, Allan Fotheringham, Michael Valpy, Joe Schlesinger, Danny Stoffman, Stephen Scobie, Vaughn Palmer, Bruce Arthur, and Earle Birney. Other notable alumni include cartoonist Arn Saba, journalist and author Katherine Monk, and photographers Jeff Wall and Richard Lam.
The Ubyssey is an independent publication funded by a $6 annual fee which students can opt out from. The staff functions as a collective; current UBC students who have contributed to the paper and attend staff meetings are eligible to become staff members. The staff elects the full-time editors on an annual basis. The Ubyssey Publications Society board and president, who deal chiefly with financial matters and do not play any editorial role, are elected by the general student body annually.
Regular issues of the print edition appear twice a week from September to April (except during exams or the Christmas break). In 2009 they moved to a Monday/Thursday publishing schedule, from the original Tuesday/Friday. Publishing during the summer term varies, in 2012 one print issue will be produced every two weeks but summer editions were not published in some years. The Ubyssey also maintains a strong online presence with web-only news and video content published through its website.
There are several recurring special issues. The first issue of the fall term in September generally seeks to introduce incoming students to on-campus life and culture. For the last issue of fall term, The Ubyssey produces a satire issue with stories satirizing campus issues and news stories, while the spoof issue is published closest to April 1, when The Ubyssey parodies another newspaper or magazine.
The frequency of publication has varied historically. The paper was published four times a week in 1947 but this only lasted one year. Until the 1980s, there were three issues per week with Monday and Thursday issues being a standard, university news-oriented edition while The Ubyssey Magazine or "Page Friday" was published on Fridays.
The first issue of The Ubyssey was printed on October 17, 1918. Over the years the paper took stances supporting the demands for the building of UBC campus at Point Grey and the right of Japanese-Canadians to continue their studies after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. It also spoke out against fraternity hazing, which was banned on campus in 1924, and in the 1950s racist policies at some fraternities were exposed in the paper by Allan Fotheringham.
In 1955 The Ubyssey was ranked the student publication with the most freedom and least faculty control in Canada. Rev. E. C. Pappert was then the faculty advisor with direct editorial control over the student newspaper at Assumption College in Windsor, which had been ranked bottom in that survey. Pappert's response was that “The Ubyssey is the vilest rag you can imagine and is the best argument for censorship that could be produced.” The Ubyssey embraced Pappert's remarks and “the vilest rag west of Blanca” has remained its unofficial slogan since then.
Irreverence and controversy have indeed been part of The Ubyssey's history. In 1959 the entire staff was fired by the Alma Mater Society (AMS) when a photo was published during the Easter period showing a UBC student crucified on a totem pole. The last issue of the fall term satirizes campus issues and news stories. The spoof issue, published closest to April 1 spoofs another publication. Recent examples included The Grope and Flail, The Georgian Taint, and a nude calendar spoofing a fundraising effort by the UBC men's rugby team. In 1974, a report, quoting the Pope, that Patty Hearst had given a speech to students in the Totem Park cafeteria prompted the arrival on campus of a KOMO-TV news team from Seattle which had apparently taken it seriously.
Shutdown by the AMS
Although The Ubyssey was at arm's length from the Alma Mater Society (AMS), it was still part of and published by the student union while one of its main roles was to report on the AMS's activities. At the same time the AMS was forced to spend money to fight lawsuits on behalf of a media outlet it was continually fending off criticism from. This tension emerged in the early 1990s when disputes over editorial control led to the suspension of publication in the summer of 1993, when the AMS created a new "Publications Board" with power over the previously autonomous Ubyssey staff collective. The paper's staff eventually decided to work with the new board and resumed publication for the 1993–1994 school year, but its relationship with the AMS executive only deteriorated during this time with the paper vociferously criticizing the student union on a regular basis and attracting accusations of leftist bias.
The controversies came to a head when the annual spoof issue was published on March 30, 1994. ”The Ufeces” was a self-parody pushing the newspaper staff's own positions to extremes and satirizing their own conflicts with the union. It featured a satirical full-page ad suggesting that the AMS was self-serving, played favourites with clubs and did not care about students, and contained photographs of a female AMS executive in suggestive poses. This proved the final straw and the AMS council passed a motion to give itself the sole power to choose the paper's editor-in-chief, who would then select all other editors. The AMS's hired editors, however, were unable to produce a paper as staff refused to cooperate and the AMS then changed the locks to the offices, shutting down The Ubyssey.
The fired editors along with some UBC students mobilized in response, campaigning to revive the paper. They formed the Ubyssey Publications Society and placed a referendum question on the AMS elections ballot on reviving the paper as an independent entity, funded by a $5 fee from which students could opt out. Although there was concern about having enough votes cast to reach the quorum requirement, the referendum to revive The Ubyssey passed on January 24, 1995 with 67 per cent in favour. The first issue of the newly independent Ubyssey was published on July 13, 1995. The Ubyssey also agreed to relocate its offices from the top floor to the basement of the Student Union Building once space became available, a move which was completed in 2001.
APEC to the 21st century
The Ubyssey played an important role in coverage of the protests which accompanied the holding of the 1997 APEC summit on UBC campus. Photo editor Richard Lam's photograph of RCMP officer Hugh Stewart pepper spraying protesters became iconic with Stewart becoming known as “Sergeant Pepper” and later being summoned to testify at a public inquiry into the police handling of the protests.
Another major issue tackled by the paper in the 1990s was the ten-year exclusivity deal reached in 1995 between Coca-Cola, UBC, and the AMS allowing only Coca-cola soft drinks to be sold on campus. The Ubyssey fought to force details of the confidential deal to be made public through a freedom of information request which was denied on the basis that it would harm the university's financial interests. The Ubyssey filed a lawsuit and the case eventually reached the Supreme Court of British Columbia which overturned the initial decision, with the deal finally being made public in May 2001. In 2011, the student fee funding The Ubyssey was increased by referendum to $6 per student with an annual increase tied to inflation.
- Higgins, K. & McElroy, J. From the penthouse to the basement and everything in between: The Ubyssey from 1995 to 2008. The Ubyssey Publications Board, 2008.
- Hawthorn, T. The Ubyssey marks a checkered past. The Globe and Mail, 22 October 2008.
- CBC News. Sgt. Pepper defends spraying APEC protesters. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 3 December 1999.