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Scientific classification
Domain: Archaea
Kingdom: Euryarchaeota
Phylum: Euryarchaeota
Class: Thermoplasmata
Order: Thermoplasmatales
Family: Thermoplasmataceae
Genus: Thermoplasma
Darland et al. 1970

In taxonomy, Thermoplasma is a genus of the Thermoplasmataceae.[1]

Thermoplasma is a genus of archaea. It belongs to the Thermoplasmata, which thrive in acidic and high-temperature environments. Thermoplasma are facultative anaerobes and respire using sulfur and organic carbon. They do not contain a cell wall but instead contain a unique membrane composed mainly of a tetraether lipoglycan containing atypical archaeal tetraether lipid attached to a glucose- and mannose-containing oligosaccharide. This lipoglycan is presumably responsible for the acid and thermal stability of the Thermoplasma membrane.

Currently the genus Thermoplasma contains two species, T. acidophilum and T. volcanium.


Further reading

Scientific journals

  • Ruepp, A.; Graml, W.; Santos-Martinez, M.-L.; Koretke, K.K.; Volker, C.; Werner Mews, H.; Frishman, D.; Stocker, S.; et al. (2000). "The genome sequence of the thermoacidophilic scavenger Thermoplasma acidophilum". Nature. 407 (6803): 508–513. PMID 11029001. doi:10.1038/35035069.  [1]
  • Darland G; Brock TD; Samsonoff W; Conti SF (1970). "A thermophilic, acidophilic mycoplasma isolated from a coal refuse pile". Science. 170 (3965): 1416–1418. PMID 5481857. doi:10.1126/science.170.3965.1416. 
  • Ma, Chao; Pathak, Chinar; Jang, Sunbok; Lee, Sang Jae; Nam, Minjoo; Kim, Soon-Jong; Im, Hookang; Lee, Bong-Jin (October 2014). "Structure of Thermoplasma volcanium Ard1 belongs to N-acetyltransferase family member suggesting multiple ligand binding modes with acetyl coenzyme A and coenzyme A". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics. 1844 (10): 1790–1797. PMID 25062911. doi:10.1016/j.bbapap.2014.07.011. 
  • Azami, Yasuhiro; Hattori, Ai; Nishimura, Hiroto; Kawaide, Hiroshi; Yoshimura, Tohru; Hemmi, Hisashi (Jun 6, 2014). "(R)-Mevalonate 3-Phosphate Is an Intermediate of the Mevalonate Pathway in Thermoplasma acidophilum". Journal of Biological Chemistry. 289 (23): 15957–15967. doi:10.1074/jbc.M114.562686. 

Scientific books

  • Madigan, M.T. & Martinko, J.M. (2005). Brock Biology of Microorganisms (11th ed.). Pearson Prentice Hall. 
  • Reysenbach, A-L (2001). "Family I. Thermoplasmataceae fam. nov.". In DR Boone; RW Castenholz. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Volume 1: The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria (2nd ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. ISBN 978-0-387-98771-2. 

Scientific databases

External links