Thomas Crofton Croker

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Funerary monument, Brompton Cemetery, London

Thomas Crofton Croker (15 January 1798 – 8 August 1854) was an Irish antiquary.


Born at Cork, for some years Croker held a position in the Admiralty, where his distant relative, John Wilson Croker, was his superior.[1]

Croker devoted himself largely to the collection of ancient Irish poetry and Irish folklore. He assisted in founding the Percy Society and the Camden Society. He and his wife's testimonies about funereal customs, particularly the tradition of keening the deceased are among the earliest and most significant contributions to the understanding of the Irish language lament and the accompanying traditions. His work Fairy Legends and Traditions of the South of Ireland went to six editions, and was translated into German by the Brothers Grimm (Irische Elfenmärchen).

Croker died in 1854 and is buried in Brompton Cemetery, London.


  • Researches in the South of Ireland (1824)
  • Fairy Legends and Traditions of the South of Ireland, 3 vols., (1825–28)
  • Popular Songs of Ireland (1837)
  • Daniel O'Rourke (1829)
  • Barney Mahoney (1832)


Croker married in 1830 Marianne Nicholson (1792–1854), daughter of Francis Nicholson.[2] T. F. Dillon Croker FSA, FRGS, was their son and only child.[3]


  1. Hultin, N. C. (1987), "Belief and Interpretation in T. Crofton Croker's Legends of the Lakes", Folklore, 98: 65–79, doi:10.1080/0015587x.1987.9716397<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Fenwick, Simon. "Nicholson, Francis". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/20132.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. "Thomas Crofton Croker (obituary)". The Gentleman's Magazine. 1854.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainCousin, John William (1910). A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons. Wikisource 

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