Thomas H. Sotheron-Estcourt

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The Right Honourable
Thomas H. Sotheron-Estcourt
Thomas Henry Sutton Sotheron Estcourt Grant.jpg
Home Secretary
In office
3 March 1859 – 18 June 1859
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Derby
Preceded by Spencer Horatio Walpole
Succeeded by Sir George Cornewall Lewis, Bt
Personal details
Born 4 April 1801 (1801-04-04)
Died 6 January 1876 (1876-01-07)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Lucy Sarah Sotheron
(d. 1870)
Alma mater Oriel College, Oxford

Thomas Henry Sutton Sotheron-Estcourt PC DL JP (4 April 1801 – 6 January 1876), known as Thomas Bucknall-Estcourt until 1839 and as Thomas Sotheron from 1839 to 1855, was a British Conservative politician.

Background and education

Sotheron-Estcourt was the eldest son of Thomas Bucknall-Estcourt, Member of Parliament (MP) for Devizes and Oxford University, son of Thomas Estcourt, Member of Parliament for Cricklade. His mother was Eleanor, daughter of James Sutton. He was educated at Harrow and Oriel College, Oxford.

Political career

Estcourt was elected to Parliament as MP for Marlborough in 1829. He was elected to parliament again in 1835 as MP for Devizes, switched to North Wiltshire in 1844, and continued in the Commons until 1865. Sotheron resumed the name Estcourt in 1855, and entered Lord Derby's second government in 1858 as President of the Poor Law Board. The next year, he became Home Secretary, but the government soon fell. He had been sworn of the Privy Council in 1858.


Sotheron-Estcourt married Lucy Sarah, daughter of Admiral Frank Sotheron, in 1830. In 1839 he assumed by Royal license the surname of Sotheron in lieu of his patronymic in order to inherit his father-in-law's property. However, in 1853 he resumed by Royal license the surname of Estcourt in addition to that of Sotheron. He retired from public life in 1863 after a paralytic seizure. He died in January 1876, aged 74. His wife had died in 1870. Sotheron-Estcourt's estates passed to his nephew George Bucknall-Estcourt, who assumed the surname of Sotheron-Estcourt and was created Baron Estcourt in 1903.


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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lord Brudenell
Earl Bruce
Member of Parliament for Marlborough
With: Lord Brudenell 1829
William John Bankes 1829–1832
Succeeded by
Lord Ernest Bruce
Henry Bingham Baring
Preceded by
Wadham Locke
Sir Philip Charles Durham
Member of Parliament for Devizes
With: Sir Philip Charles Durham 1835–1836
James Whitley Deans Dundas 1836–1838
George Heneage Walker Heneage 1838–1884
Succeeded by
George Heneage Walker Heneage
William Heald Ludlow Bruges
Preceded by
Walter Long
Sir Francis Burdett, Bt
Member of Parliament for Wiltshire North
With: Walter Long
Succeeded by
Walter Long
Lord Charles Bruce
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Pleydell Bouverie
President of the Poor Law Board
Succeeded by
Earl of March
Preceded by
Spencer Horatio Walpole
Secretary of State for the Home Department
Succeeded by
Sir George Cornewall Lewis, 2nd Baronet