|Sir Thomas Lethbridge Napier Morland|
Lt-Gen Sir Thomas Lethbridge Napier Morland
|Born||9 August 1865|
|Died||21 May 1925 (aged 59)|
|Years of service||1884 – 1923|
|Commands held||2nd Infantry Brigade
Army of the Rhine
|Battles/wars||First World War|
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order
Born in Montreal, Canada East, Morland was the son of Thomas Morland and Helen Servante. Educated at Charterhouse School and the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, Morland was commissioned into the King's Royal Rifle Corps in 1884.
Service in West Africa
He later served in Nigeria, reaching the rank of Lieutenant Colonel and being appointed Commanding Officer of the West African Field Force in 1900. The following year he was in command of an expedition to Yola, leading to the defeat and deposition of the Emir of Adamawa in September 1901, and to British occupation of the Adamawa Emirate, important for the later occupation of the Sokoto Caliphate as it reduced slave traffic through the Adamawa area. Morland was wounded by a poisoned arrow during the fighting, but stuck to his command. In a despatch describing the expedition, the acting High Commissioner of Northern Nigeria gives him "very great credit for the successful issue of this impotent expedition." The following year he was appointed a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in recognition of his services (dated 25 April 1902). From 1905 to 1909, he was Inspector-General of the West African Field Force.
He then became General Officer Commanding 47th Division, then GOC of 14th Division and then GOC of 5th Division. He was promoted to Lieutenant General in 1915, and commanded X Corps through to April 1918. During this time, he was one of Plumer's corps commanders at the Battle of Messines.
At the end of the war, he took command of XIII Corps, a position he held until 1920, when he was promoted and made commander-in-chief of the British Army of the Rhine. Two years later, he was appointed General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Aldershot Command and promoted to full general. He retired the following year, in 1923.
In 1890, he married Mabel St. John, with whom he had two daughters.
In popular culture
- (French) Michel Veyron, Dictionnaire canadien des noms propres, p.449
- Thomas Morland at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- The London Gazette: . 18 April 1902.
- The London Gazette: . 25 April 1902.
Sir Charles Fergusson
|General Officer Commanding the 5th Division
|GOC X Corps
Sir William Robertson
|Commander-in-Chief of the British Army of the Rhine
Sir Alexander Godley
The Earl of Cavan
|GOC-in-C Aldershot Command
1922 – 1923
Sir Philip Chetwode