Thomas Onslow, 2nd Baron Onslow

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Thomas Onslow, 2nd Baron Onslow (27 November 1679 – 5 June 1740) was a British politician and landowner who commissioned the building of Clandon Park in the 1730s.

Political career

He represented a continuous succession of areas in Parliament. He entered Parliament aged 22 or 23 for an underpopulated rural borough that had once had a market in the medieval period, Gatton, Surrey before moving to represent the larger settlement of Chichester, West Sussex. Six years later he began to alternate seats in elections between two rural boroughs which were eventually abolished,[which?] and once again Surrey. Seven years later, and only for two years until he succeeded to the family peerage which took place in 1717, he served the gradually urbanising seat of Surrey, which included much of today's Greater London, including for example, Battersea and Lambeth.

He became 2nd Baron Onslow on the death of his father, Richard Onslow.[1]

Personal finances and family life

As Lord Onslow he was a leading participant in an insurance business known as Onslow's Insurance or Onslow's Bubble, which secured incorporation under the Bubble Act as Royal Exchange Assurance Corporation.[1]

The family seat was Clandon Park, East and West Clandon, Surrey the centrepiece of which, a National Trust mansion and gardens was for the most part commissioned by him.

Clandon Park was transformed from a large manor house to a lavish English country house by this Lord Onslow, but the 3rd Lord Onslow had its interiors finished. It features a two-storey Marble Hall and marble chimney and other pieces by the Flemish sculptor Michael Rysbrack.

From this period until the early 20th century the senior branch of the family owned many tens of square miles of farmland scattered across many villages in Surrey from which they derived an income.[2]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 W. R. Scott, The Constitution and Finance of ... Joint-Stock Companies to 1720 (Cambridge University Press, 1911) III, 396-409.
  2. H.E. Malden (editor) (who also details their ownership in many others such as the parishes of Merrow and Alford) (1911). "Parishes: West Clandon". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research (a University of Portsmouth joint project). Retrieved 1 February 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Thomas Turgis
Maurice Thompson
Member of Parliament for Gatton
1702–1705
With: Maurice Thompson
Succeeded by
Sir George Newland
Paul Docminique
Preceded by
William Elson
Sir Thomas Littleton, Bt
Member of Parliament for Chichester
1705–1707
With: Sir Thomas Littleton, Bt
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Chichester
1707–1708
With: Sir Thomas Littleton, Bt
Succeeded by
Thomas Carr
Sir Richard Farington, Bt
Preceded by
George Woodroffe
John Fulham
Member of Parliament for Haslemere
1708
With: Theophilus Oglethorpe
Succeeded by
Theophilus Oglethorpe
Sir Nicholas Carew
Preceded by
John Ward
George Evelyn
Member of Parliament for Bletchingley
1708–1715
With: George Evelyn
Succeeded by
George Evelyn
Sir William Clayton
Preceded by
Theophilus Oglethorpe
Sir John Clerke, Bt
Member of Parliament for Haslemere
1713–1714
With: George Vernon
Succeeded by
George Vernon
Sir Nicholas Carew
Preceded by
Lord Guernsey
Sir Richard Onslow, Bt
Member of Parliament for Surrey
1715–1717
With: Lord Guernsey
Succeeded by
Lord Guernsey
Denzil Onslow
Political offices
Preceded by
Unknown
Out-Ranger of Windsor Forest
1715–1717
Succeeded by
Denzil Onslow
Preceded by
Richard Hampden
Teller of the Exchequer
1718–1741
Succeeded by
Horatio Walpole
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Onslow
Lord Lieutenant of Surrey
1717–1740
Succeeded by
The Lord Onslow
Preceded by
The Earl of Berkeley
Custos Rotulorum of Surrey
1737–1740
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Richard Onslow
Baron Onslow
1717–1740
Succeeded by
Richard Onslow