Thomas Tanner (bishop)

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File:Bp Thomas Tanner.jpg
Bishop Tanner, 1731

Thomas Tanner (24 January 1674- 14 December 1735) was an English antiquary and prelate. He was Bishop of St Asaph from 1732 to 1735.


Tanner was born at Market Lavington in Wiltshire, and was educated at The Queen's College, Oxford, taking holy orders in 1694. The following year, he became chaplain and then fellow of All Souls', Oxford,[1] and a few years later private chaplain to John Moore, bishop of Norwich, and afterwards bishop of Ely, who appointed him chancellor of the diocese of Norwich. He lived in Norfolk from 1701 until 1731. In 1706 he became rector of Thorpe, near Norwich, in 1713 a canon of Ely Cathedral, and in 1724 a canon of Christ Church, Oxford.[2]

On 23 January 1732 he was appointed Bishop of St Asaph and thereafter divided his time between London, Oxford and North Wales. He died in Oxford at the age of 61.


File:Sceau de Thomas Tanner.jpg
Seal of Thomas Tanner as Chancellor of the Diocese of Norwich (1700)
Museo del sigillo, La Spezia

Tanner's chief work published during his lifetime is the Notitia Monastica, a short account of all the religious houses in England and Wales. This was published at Oxford in 1695; it was reprinted with additions by the author's brother, John Tanner, in 1744; and was reprinted again with further additions by James Nasmith in 1787. He also wrote Bibliotheca Britannico-Hibernica, a dictionary of all the authors who flourished in England, Scotland and Ireland before the opening of the 17th century, at which he laboured for forty years. This was eventually completed by David Wilkins and published in 1748, thirteen years after the author's death. Tanner also collected materials for a history of Wiltshire and worked for some time on a new edition of the works of John Leland.

His valuable collection of books and manuscripts, which dates from the 15th-18th centuries, is in the Bodleian Library at Oxford.[2] This collection includes examples of English 15th and 16th century printing, theological works by Reformers and opponents, and Civil War and Interregnum pamphlets.[3] When he moved from Norwich to Oxford, his books were conveyed by water but the barge sank at Benson Lock, near Wallingford on 11 December 1731 and they were submerged for twenty hours with lasting effects.[4] Most works were uniformly bound (c.1820) but none of the fly-leaves, which Tanner may have annotated, survived.[3]


Tanner married three times. His first wife, whom he married in 1701, was Rose Moore, eldest daughter of Bishop Moore. She died on 15 March 1706, aged 25 (having had issue Dorothy, died 17 February 1704, aged 14 months), and was buried on the south side of the bishop's chapel in Norwich Cathedral, under a white marble tablet with an inscription to her memory. According to Hearne, she was ‘a short squabb dame,’ and ‘remarkable for drinking of brandy,’ and Tanner after marrying her was obliged to abandon for a time his studies, and was involved in lawsuits about his chancellorship. His second wife was Frances Preston, daughter of Jacob Preston, citizen of London, but of a gentleman's family in Norfolk. She died on 11 June 1718, aged 40, and was buried in the same chapel, with an inscription on white marble over her grave. The iron palisade door to this chapel was given by Tanner, and his arms, with those of his first two wives, are on it. Her issue consisted of two daughters, both of whom died young, and one son, Thomas Tanner, canon of Canterbury and rector of Hadleigh and Monk's Eleigh, Suffolk, who married in January 1743 Mary Potter, third daughter of Archbishop Potter, and died on 11 March 1786.[5] When John Loveday visited Tanner in July 1732, his house was kept by his sister, "a widow lady",[6] but he married in May 1733 as his third wife Elizabeth Scottowe of Thorpe by Norwich. She was an heiress, and married as her second husband Robert Britiffe, recorder of Norwich and M.P. for that city. She died on 1 May 1771, aged 77.[4]


  1. Alumni Oxonienses 1500-1714, Tabbe-Thomyow
  2. 2.0 2.1 Chisholm 1911.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Rare Books Named Collection Descriptions". Bodleian Libraries. Retrieved 9 December 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1  Courtney, William Prideaux (1898). [ "Tanner, Thomas (1674-1735)" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 55. London: Smith, Elder & Co.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Gentleman's Magazine, 1786, i. 269.
  6. Loveday, John (1890). Loveday, John Edward Taylor (ed.). Diary of a Tour in 1732 through Parts of England, Wales, Ireland and Scotland. Edinburgh: Roxburghe Club. pp. 65–68.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). [ "Tanner, Thomas" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). Encyclopædia Britannica. 26 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  •  Courtney, William Prideaux (1898). [ "Tanner, Thomas (1674-1735)" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 55. London: Smith, Elder & Co.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Sharp, Richard. "Tanner, Thomas (1674–1735)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/26963.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Church of England titles
Preceded by
Robert Cannon
Archdeacon of Norfolk
Succeeded by
John Baron
Preceded by
Francis Hare
Bishop of St Asaph
Succeeded by
Isaac Maddox