Ticonderoga, New York

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Ticonderoga Town Offices
Ticonderoga Town Offices
Ticonderoga is located in New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 43°51′30″N 73°27′15″W / 43.85833°N 73.45417°W / 43.85833; -73.45417
Country United States
State New York
County Essex
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor Debra A. Malaney (R)
 • Town Council
 • Total 88.3 sq mi (228.6 km2)
 • Land 81.8 sq mi (211.8 km2)
 • Water 6.5 sq mi (16.8 km2)
Elevation 663 ft (202 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 5,042
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 12858, 12883
Area code(s) 518
FIPS code 36-73891
GNIS feature ID 0979547

Ticonderoga is a town in Essex County, New York, USA. The population was 5,042 at the 2010 census. The name comes from the Mohawk tekontaró:ken, meaning "it is at the junction of two waterways".[2]

The town of Ticonderoga is in the southeastern part of the county and is south of Plattsburgh.


Fort Ticonderoga located on the east side of town on NY 74

The crossing between Lakes George and Champlain had been used by natives for thousands of years.[citation needed] In the 17th century, French explorers such as Samuel de Champlain explored the area.

The town was located on the direct route, utilizing rivers and two long lakes, between New York City to the south and the French settlement of Montreal to the north. The town was the setting for historic battles and maneuvers during both the French and Indian War and the American Revolutionary War. Fort Ticonderoga, constructed by the French, who called it Fort Carillon, in the 1750s, marked the location of an important portage between the two lakes.

The town of Ticonderoga was formed in 1804 from part of the town of Crown Point. By the end of the 18th Century, the town was noted for wood products such as paper and lead pencils. The position of the now former Ticonderoga village at the north end of Lake George made it an important port.

Historical Fort Ticonderoga is in this town, east of the former village of Ticonderoga.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 88.3 square miles (229 km2), of which, 81.8 square miles (212 km2) is land and 6.5 square miles (17 km2)(7.36%) is water.

The town borders both north end of Lake George and south end of Lake Champlain. The short, but rapidly flowing, La Chute River connects the two lakes. The east town line is the border of Vermont, and the south town line is the county line of Warren County and Washington County.

New York State Route 9N is a north-south highway. Another north-south highway, New York State Route 22, is partly conjoined with NY-9N in the town. New York State Route 74, an east-west highway intersects NY-9N/NY-22 near Ticonderoga village.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,493
1830 1,996 33.7%
1840 2,169 8.7%
1850 2,669 23.1%
1860 2,271 −14.9%
1870 2,590 14.0%
1880 3,304 27.6%
1890 3,980 20.5%
1900 5,048 26.8%
1910 4,940 −2.1%
1920 5,267 6.6%
1930 5,105 −3.1%
1940 4,859 −4.8%
1950 5,204 7.1%
1960 5,617 7.9%
1970 5,839 4.0%
1980 5,436 −6.9%
1990 5,149 −5.3%
2000 5,167 0.3%
2010 5,042 −2.4%
Est. 2014 5,002 [3] −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
Black Watch Library

As of the census of 2010, there were 5,042 people, 2,028 households, and 1,352 families residing in the town. The population density was 63.2 people per square mile (24.4/km²). There were 2,581 housing units at an average density of 31.6 per square mile (12.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.08% White, 0.46% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.41% of the population.[1]

There were 2,028 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.[1]

In the town the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.[1]

The median income for a household in the town was $34,160, and the median income for a family was $41,992. Males had a median income of $35,896 versus $21,441 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,418. About 10.5% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.[1]

Arts and culture

H. G. Burleigh House


The H. G. Burleigh House was built in 1894 and is a Queen Anne-style building with Colonial Revival features. It was originally owned by U.S Congressman Henry G. Burleigh, and has been on the National Register of Historic Places since 1988.[5][6]


Rail transportation

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Ticonderoga, operating its Adirondack daily in both directions between Montreal and New York City.

Notable people

Communities and locations in Ticonderoga

  • Baldwin – A hamlet located on the western shore of Lake George on County Road 5, southwest of Ticonderoga hamlet.
  • Black Point – The North eastern shore of Lake George.
  • Chilson – Sparsely populated location near the town's geographic center on NY-74.
  • Eagle Lake – A lake at the north town line, bordered by NY-74 on the south side.
  • Fort Ticonderoga – The historic fort that figured in two colonial wars.
  • Fort Ticonderoga Station – A location southeast of Ticonderoga hamlet on the east side of Mount Defiance. The modern AMTRAK station is located in Ticonderoga hamlet.
  • Mount Defiance – An elevation on the south side of Ticonderoga hamlet that overlooks Fort Ticonderoga.
  • Putnam Pond – A small lake in the western part of Ticonderoga.
  • Street Road – The location in the north end of the town, situated around NY-9N.
  • Ticonderoga – A hamlet located in the southeast part of the town, situated on the La Chute River.
  • Ticonderoga Muni (4B6) – A general aviation airport north of Ticonderoga hamlet.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. Afable, Patricia O. and Madison S. Beeler (1996). "Place Names", in "Languages", ed. Ives Goddard. Vol. 17 of Handbook of North American Indians, ed. William C. Sturtevant. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, p. 193
  3. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  4. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. Christine May (January 18, 2014). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: H. G. Burleigh House". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  6. "TICONDEROGA YESTERDAY - PlaceSense". PlaceSense. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  7. "BURLEIGH, Henry Gordon, (1832 - 1900)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  8. 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1893,' Biographical Sketch of Charles Quigg, pg. 648
  9. The Legislative Manual of the State of Wisconsin 1875

External links