Timeline of Oxford

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city, University and colleges of Oxford, England.

Prior to 13th century

University seal
St George's Tower of the Castle
"Friar Bacon's Study" at Folly Bridge, demolished 1779[16]

13th century

14th century

15th century

New College Dining Hall

16th century

  • 1548 – March: Florentine evangelical reformer Peter Martyr Vermigli is appointed Regius Professor of Divinity in place of Richard Smyth. He is forced to flee the city in September 1553.[42]
  • 1555
  • 1556 – 21 March: The third of the Oxford martyrs, Thomas Cranmer, deposed Archbishop of Canterbury, is burned at the stake for treason[19] having professed his faith at St Mary's.
  • 1566 – 31 August–6 September: Visit of Queen Elizabeth. On 2 September at a performance of Richard Edwardes' play Palamon and Arcite before her the stage collapses causing three deaths, but the show goes on and "the Queen laughed heartily thereat".[43]
  • 1571 – 27 June: Establishment of Jesus College "within the City and University of Oxford of Queen Elizabeth's foundation" on the site of White Hall by Welsh cleric and lawyer Hugh Price, the first college established as an Anglican institution at its foundation.[17]
  • 1577 – 6 July: "Black Assize" results in an outbreak of epidemic typhus killing around 300 in the city.[44] Rowland Jenkins, an Oxford stationer, is condemned to have his ears cut off for distributing Popish books.[30]
  • 1580 – 6 April: Dover Straits earthquake felt in Oxford.[5]
  • 1581
    • Undergraduates are required to subscribe to the Thirty-Nine Articles of the Anglican Church.[30]
    • 27 June: Copies of Edmund Campion's Decem Rationes, arguments against the validity of the Anglican Church, printed clandestinely at Stonor Park, are found on the benches of the University Church of St Mary the Virgin.[30]
  • 1582 – February: Meleager, a Latin play on the mythological figure of Meleager by "Gulielmus Gagerus" (William Gager), is performed by members of Christ Church.
  • 1583 – 11 June: Rivales, another Latin play by Gager, is acted by members of Christ Church; it is criticised for its "filth". The following day they present another, Dido.[45]
  • 1586 – Oxford University Press is recognised by decree of the Star Chamber.[46]
  • 1588 – Balliol College is granted a royal charter.[27]
  • 1589
    • 5 July: Catholic priests George Nichols and Richard Yaxley, together with two helpers, are hanged, having been arrested for celebrating mass at the Catherine Wheel inn.[30]
    • 8 December: Oxford-born John Underhill, Rector of Lincoln College, is elected Bishop of Oxford, the see having been vacant for 21 years. He holds the post until his death on 12 May 1592 after which the see again falls vacant for 11 years.
  • 1592 – 22–28 September: Visit of Queen Elizabeth.[47] On 26 September members of Christ Church revive William Gager's 1583 Latin play Rivales before her.
  • 1598 – Thomas Bodley refounds the University library.[19]

17th century

Old Schools Quadrangle, Bodleian Library
Brasenose in c.1674, from Loggan's Oxonia Illustrata

18th century

19th century

File:1822 Oxford Eights cropped.jpg
On the river – an early view
The HighPhotochrom of c.1900

20th century

File:Nash, Totes Meer.jpg
Wartime aircraft scrap dump at Cowley as portrayed in Paul Nash's Totes Meer[174]
Oxford’s dreaming spires from South Park

21st century

File:The Mathematical Institute at Oxford University.jpg

Births

Deaths

See also

References

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External links

Further reading

Published prior to the 19th century

  • David Loggan (1675). Oxonia illustrata. Oxford: at the Sheldonian Theatre. 
  • Anthony Wood (1674). Historia et antiquitates Universitatis Oxoniensis. Oxford: at the Sheldonian Theatre. 
  • Anthony Wood (1691). Athenæ Oxonienses: an Exact History of all the Writers and Bishops who have had their Education in the University of Oxford from 1500 to 1690. London. 

Published in the 19th century

Published in the 20th century

Published in the 21st century

  • Daniel A. Bell; Avner de-Shalit (2011). "Oxford". Spirit of Cities: Why the Identity of a City Matters in a Global Age. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691151441. 
  • L. W. B. Brockliss (2016). The University of Oxford: a history. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-924356-3. 

Coordinates: 51°27′00″N 1°09′07″W / 51.450°N 1.152°W / 51.450; -1.152