Timeline of Pakistani history

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This is a timeline of Pakistani history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Pakistan and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Pakistan. See also the list of Presidents of Pakistan and list of Prime Ministers of Pakistan and the list of years in Pakistan.

Although the modern day Pakistan, the land of Indus, emerged on the world map as a new nation-state in 1947 this area has a very long history that goes back over thousands of years and it is one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited regions. The Indus Valley was known as Meluhha [1] in Mesopotamia when the Harappan civilization was thriving here. When the Aryan tribes came and settled down in the upper Indus valley in the middle of the second millennium BC they called it Sapta-Sindhu [2] (the land of seven rivers). Now this Indus land is called Pakistan which is an acronym composed from the initial letters of the name of its provinces namely, Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir, Indus, Sindh and the last three letters of Balochistan.


Post-creation Era of the 20th Century

21st century

Year Date Event
2001 20 June General Pervez Musharraf dismissed the president and named himself to the post.
15 July Agra Summit starts. President Pervez Musharraf and Indian Prime Minister Vajpayee holds talks over long-standing issues.
14 August New Local Government system installed, after holding of elections in three phases.
16 September US Secretary of State Powell told that Pakistan's President Musharraf had agreed to support the U.S. anti-terrorist campaign.
10 November US President Bush meets President Musharraf in New York and assures additional aid of one billion dollar.
2002 5 January Musharraf stunned Vajpayee by a hand-shake at the last 11th SAARC summit in Kathmandu.
1 February Wall Street Journal reporter, Daniel Pearl killed in Karachi.
30 April General Pervez Musharraf wins a referendum thus ensures 5 more years in office
24 August President General Musharraf issues the Legal Framework Order 2002.
10 October First general elections since the 1999 military coup held
23 November Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali sworn in as Prime Minister.
2003 24 February Senate elections: Ruling party wins most seats in voting to the upper house.
23 March AAJ TV, Pakistan's premier channel inaugurated.
24 June President Pervez Musharraf meets G.W. Bush in Camp David. US announces $3-billion five-year economic assistance package for Pakistan.
11 July Lahore-Delhi bus service resumed after suspension of 18 months.
14 December General Musharraf survived an assassination attempt in Rawalpindi.
2004 1 January General Musharraf won a vote of confidence in the Senate, National Assembly, and provincial assemblies.
5 January Musharraf meets Vajpayee in Islamabad, discusses Kashmir dispute.
22 May Pakistan readmitted to Commonwealth.
26 June Prime Minister Zafarullah Khan Jamali steps down and nominates Ch. Shujaat Hussain as his interim successor.
28 August[8] Shaukat Aziz becomes Prime Minister.
17 October Pakistani physician Dr.Muhammad Saeed Fazal Karim Beebani sets new world record for having the smallest Holy Qur'an of the world. His claim was accepted by Guinness world record administration.
2005 13 July 136 people killed and about 170 injured in a collision of three passenger trains near Ghotki.
14 July NWFP Assembly passes the Hasba bill with a majority vote.
19 July Government of Pakistan launches country-wide crackdown against extremist elements.
8 October A 7.5 magnitude earthquake kills an estimated 80,000 people in northern Pakistan. (see:2005 Pakistan earthquake)
11 October Renowned littérateur, linguist and poet, Shanul Haq Haqqee, passes away in Toronto. He was 88.
2006 2 January Dr. Shamshad Akhtar assumes office of State Bank Governor having the first woman Governor of SBP.
14 May Charter of democracy (CoD) is signed by two former prime ministers of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif and Benazir Bhutto in London.
26 April Pervez Musharraf lays foundation-stone of Diamir-Bhasha dam.
8 July Process to release over 1600 women prisoners from 55 jails across starts after Presidential Ordinance.
10 July Noted poet, writer and columnist, Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi, passes away in Lahore. He was 89.
26 August Prominent Baloch leader and politician Sirdar Akbar Bugti killed by military
2007 9 March President Musharraf dismissed Chief Justice of Pakistan, Iftikhar.
3 July Pakistani security forces started operation Sunrise to liberate Lal Masjid from the fundamentalist Islamic militants
20 July Iftikhar restored as Chief Justice of Pakistan.
18 October Bhutto, Benazir returned to Pakistan, after exile of about 8 years.
3 November Pervez Musharraf imposed emergency, most of the senior judges of Supreme Court ousted.
16 November After completion of 5 years, National Assembly dissolved, Catetaker government of Muhammad Mian Soomro took oath.
25 November Nawaz Sharif returned Pakistan after 7 years of forced exile.
16 December Emergency lifted, banned civil rights and suspended constitution restored
27 December Former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto assassinated in Rawalpindi
2008 2 January The Election Commission announces elections will now be held on February 18.
18 February Elections are held amidst tight security. PPP, PML-N, PML-N and ANP win 124, 91, 54 and 13 seats respectively.
24 March Yusuf Raza Gilani is elected as the new Prime Minister.
18 August Pervaiz Musharraf steps down as President of Pakistan. Mohammadmian Soomro takes over as President.
6 September Asif Zardari wins presidential election with 481 votes.
9 September Asif Zardari takes oath as President of Pakistan.
2009 16 February Pakistan government announces a truce with Taliban, acceptting a system of Islamic law in the Swat valley, conceding the area as a Taliban sanctuary.
9 March Militants attack bus with the touring Sri Lankan cricket team. All international cricket matches in Pakistan are suspended. Pakistan also loses its status as hosts for the cricket World Cup 2011.
16 March As the result of long march Lawyers' Movement succeeded. Iftikhar Mohammed Chaudhry was restored as Chief Justice of Pakistan and other judges dismissed by Musharraf.
23 May Pakistan Army launched Operation Rah-e-Rast and cleared Swat Valley of all Taliban elements. It is regarded as one of the most successful counter-insurgency operations in modern age (to 15 July)

See also


  1. Gregory Possehl: The Indus Civilization. A Contemporary Perspective. Lanham 2002, S. 217ff.
  2. "History Through The Centuries". Heritage.gov.pk. Retrieved 2012-11-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. The African Emergence and Early Asian Dispersals of the Genus Homo - American Scientist
  4. "Pakistan - Research - Archaeology - The University of Sheffield". Shef.ac.uk. 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Gandhara Civilization
  6. The Pathans, Olaf Caroe
  7. Battle of Miani, Enyclopedia Britannica
  8. À


  • Gregory Possehl: The Indus Civilization. A Contemporary Perspective. Lanham 2002

External links