Tirpitz Plan

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The Tirpitz Plan, formulated by Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz, was Germany's pre-World War I strategic aim to build the second largest navy in the world after the United Kingdom, thereby advancing itself as a world power.

The British saw it not only as a challenge to its naval supremacy, but as a threat to its national survival (since the island of Britain was far from self-sufficient in food, and dependent on colonial resources); they responded in kind, sparking off an arms race. Germany responded to this increased British naval expansion with the Fleet Acts, which led to greater naval development.

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Further reading

  • Berghahn, Volker R. (1971). Der Tirpitz-Plan: Genesis und Verfall einer innenpolitischen Krisenstrategie unter Wilhelm II (in German). Düsseldorf: Droste Verlag. ASIN B001A9BSRO. ISBN 3-7700-0258-X. 
  • Brezet, Francois Emmanuel (1998). Le plan Tirpitz 1897-1914 : une flotte de combat allemande contre l'Angleterre (in French). Librairie de l'Inde. ISBN 978-2905455215. 
  • Hobson, Rolf (2002). Imperialism at Sea: Naval Strategic Thought, the Ideology of Sea Power, and the Tirpitz Plan, 1875-1914. Studies in Central European Histories. Brill Academic Pub. ISBN 978-0391041059. 
  • Olivier, David H. (2004). German Naval Strategy, 1856-1888: Forerunners of Tirpitz. Cass Series: Naval Policy and History. 25. Routledge. ISBN 978-0714655536. 
  • Seligmann, Matthew S. (2012). The Royal Navy and the German Threat 1901-1914: Admiralty Plans to Protect British Trade in a War Against Germany. Studies in Central European Histories. USA: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199574032. 

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