Toshio Kuroiwa

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Toshio Kuroiwa
File:Toshio Kuroiwa Nanjing.jpg
Nanjing Air Base, 1938
Born 1908
Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan
Died August 26, 1944
off the Malay Peninsula
Allegiance Japan
Years of service 1926–1944
Rank Warrant officer
Battles/wars January 28 Incident
Second Sino-Japanese War
Other work Pilot for Imperial Japanese Airways
Toshio Kuroiwa (center), poses in front of a Nakajima A1N Type 3 fighter aircraft with the other two Kaga fighter pilots with which he shot down Robert Short's aircraft on 22 February 1932.

Toshio Kuroiwa (黒岩 利雄 Kuroiwa Toshio?) was a warrant officer and ace fighter pilot in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during the January 28 Incident and the Second Sino-Japanese War. During the January 28 Incident on 22 February 1932, while assigned to the aircraft carrier Kaga's fighter group, Kuroiwa participated in the IJN's first official shootdown of an enemy aircraft in combat. In the shootdown, Kuroiwa and two other fighters from his unit destroyed a Chinese fighter aircraft piloted by American contract Pilot {Reserve} Lt Robert Short.

During the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1938, assigned to the 12th Air Group, Kuroiwa saw considerable action against Chinese air opponents. During his combat career, Kuroiwa was officially credited with shooting down 13 enemy aircraft. In 1939 he was deemed too old to continue with combat duty so Kuroiwa left the IJN and became a civilian pilot for Imperial Japanese Airways. On 26 August 1944 the civilian transport aircraft he was flying disappeared off the Malay Peninsula and neither the aircraft nor Kuroiwa was ever found.

References

  • Hata, Ikuhiko (1989) [1975]. Japanese Naval Aces and Fighter Units in World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-315-6.  Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (help)
  • Sakaida, Henry (2002). Aces of the Rising Sun, 1937–1945. Great Britain: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-618-6.