Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte

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Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte.

Count Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte (born 1 November 1720 in Rennes; died 10 June 1791 in Brest) was a French admiral.

Aged fifteen, he joined the navy as a midshipman and served in Morocco, the Baltic Sea, the Caribbean Islands and in India. Noted for his strategic skills, he was called to Paris in 1775 to help the Secretary of State prepare the order to reorganise the Navy. In 1778, as a Squadron Commander, he took part in the Battle of Ouessant on the Saint-Esprit, and then cruised the English seas. During one month, he captured thirteen ships.

During the American Revolutionary War, Picquet de la Motte distinguished himself as a member of Admiral d'Estaing's squadron in Martinique and during the Battle of Grenada and the Siege of Savannah.

On 18 December 1779, he attacked a British squadron under the command of Admiral Hyde Parker that was attempting to blockade a French convoy; such was the success of his action, named the "Combat de la Martinique", that Hyde Parker sent him a letter of congratulation:

In 1781, as commander of a nine-vessel squadron that included three frigates, Picquet de la Motte intercepted the fleet of Admiral Rodney en route from St. Eustatius which had been Captured by the British in February 1781. Twenty-six British ships were captured along with Rodney's plunder in the amount of 5 million sterling. Soon afterwards he was promoted to Lieutenant General of the Naval Armies.

Picquet de la Motte died in 1791, after fifty-two years of service. Four vessels of the French Navy have been named in his honour, the most recent being the first-rank frigate Lamotte-Picquet. The Paris Métro station La Motte-Picquet – Grenelle in the 15th arrondissement of Paris was also named after him. There is also a street in the 7th arrondissement of Paris named after him, l'Avenue de la Motte-Picquet.

See also


  1. pp.129-130 Major Operations of the Navies in the War of American Independence by Alfred T. Mahan (1912)