Transport on the Åland Islands

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Åland is an archipelago of over 6,000 islands in the Baltic Sea. Constitutionally, it is a Swedish-speaking autonomous province of Finland. Sea travel is a vital part of Åland's economy and a major local employer. The main ports are located at the capital Mariehamn, at Berghamn and at Långnäs on the east shore of Fasta Åland (the main island).


Air Åland operates flights from Mariehamn Airport to both Helsinki-Vantaa Airport and Stockholm-Arlanda Airport. Also Turku Air flies to Turku three times a week with a Piper PA-31 Navajo. On the island of Kumlinge there is an air strip and a helicopter landing place that is not frequented by regular flights but only by chartered flights.


File:Valtatie 1 (Åland).JPG
Valtatie (main road) 1 from Eckerö to Mariehamn
Car number plate

The islands have quiet roads which are much appreciated by cyclists. There are Ålandstrafiken local bus services operating in conjunction with the inter-island ferries.

Road vehicles registered in Åland have number plates with blue lettering starting ÅL.


Åland Islands do not have railroads.


The Silja Line, Viking Line and Tallink ferries operating between Helsinki, Turku or Tallinn and Stockholm call briefly at Åland, at either Mariehamn or Långnäs. As well as providing useful transport links, this also permits the sale of duty-free alcohol etc. on board the ships. This is due to Åland's special constitutional status and exemption from normal European Union rules on Value Added Tax and other tariffs, negotiated by Finland as part of talks leading to membership of the EU in 1995. Vessels must call at an Åland port to qualify.

A network of ferries operated by Ålandstrafiken provide inter-island services (and links with Galtby and Osnäs ferry harbours in Finland).

Eckerö Linjen operates a ferry service between Berghamn port in Eckerö, Åland and Grisslehamn port in Norrtälje, Sweden.

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