Turnberry (golf course)

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Trump Turnberry
Turnberry Hotel.jpg
Turnberry Hotel in November 2005
Club information
Turnberry (golf course) is located in Scotland
Turnberry (golf course)
Location in Scotland
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Location South Ayrshire, Scotland
Established 1906, 117 years ago
Type Private
Owned by The Trump Organization
Total holes 45
Tournaments hosted The Open Championship (4)
Senior Open Champ. (7)
Women's British Open (1)
Walker Cup (1)
Website turnberryresort.co.uk
Ailsa Course
Designed by Willie Fernie, redesigned by Mackenzie Ross 1949–51
Par 70
Length 7,204 yards (6,587 m)
Kintyre Course
Designed by Donald Steel
Par 72
Length 6,921 yards (6,329 m)
Arran Course
Par 31
Trump Turnberry is located in South Ayrshire
Trump Turnberry
Trump Turnberry
Location in South Ayrshire, Scotland

The Trump Turnberry is a golf resort on the coast of the outer Firth of Clyde in southwestern Scotland. Located in South Ayrshire on the rugged coast, it comprises three links golf courses, a golf academy, a five-star James Miller-designed hotel from 1906, along with lodge and cottage accommodations. The prominent rock island Ailsa Craig is readily visible to the southwest.


In 1902, golf course designer Willie Fernie was commissioned by the Marquess of Ailsa to lay out a championship course. In 1906, a hotel was built, and the course began to take its modern structure.

The property was used as an airbase during the First World War, and a landing strip built for this purpose still exists, now disused. During this period, the Royal Flying Corps trained pilots in the arts of aerial gunnery and combat, and the Turnberry Hotel was used as a hospital for the wounded.[1] After the war, courses 1 and 2 were rebuilt and renamed "Ailsa" and "Arran". A memorial to honour lost airmen was erected on the hill overlooking the 12th green of Ailsa and still remains.

The cycle was repeated for World War II. The hotel was commissioned as a hospital, and the golf courses were seconded for air training for the Royal Air Force (RAF); it is thought that as many as 200 died at the base.[1]

Designer Mackenzie Ross is credited with restoring the courses to their high quality, and the Ailsa course was re-opened in 1951, a seaside links with stunning views of Ailsa Craig and the Isle of Arran.

The hotel was bought by Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, Inc. in 1997, and until October 2008 was operated under the Westin brand. In October 2008, Leisurecorp, Dubai World's sport and leisure subsidiary, purchased the resort, with Starwood Hotels & Resorts continuing to manage operations under the The Luxury Collection brand.[2] Donald Trump purchased the hotel and golf courses from Leisurecorp in April 2014,[3][4] and the resort was renamed Trump Turnberry in June 2014.[5][6]

The golf courses

Turnberry Point Lighthouse,
built on the ruins of Turnberry Castle,
at the ninth hole of the Ailsa Course

The Ailsa Course, redesigned by Mackenzie Ross between 1949 and 1951, has staged The Open Championship on four occasions (1977, 1986, 1994, and 2009). It has also hosted many other important golf tournaments, including the Women's British Open in 2002, the Walker Cup in 1963, the Amateur Championship in 1961, 1983, 1996, and 2008, and the Senior Open Championship on seven occasions, 1987–90, 2003, 2006, and 2012.

The other two courses at Turnberry are the Kintyre Course and the nine-hole Arran Course. The Kintyre Course, opened in 2001, is another championship standard course that has hosted final qualifying for The Open. It was designed by Donald Steel and built on the foundations of the old Arran layout, which had been rebuilt along with the Ailsa Course following World War II. During the war, the resort was used as a hospital and the courses were flattened and paved for use as a major RAF airfield.[7] The new Arran Course opened in 2002.

Other golf facilities at the resort include the Colin Montgomerie Links Golf Academy, and a pitch and putt course.

In 2003, the 18th hole on the Ailsa Course, "Ailsa Hame", was renamed "Duel in the Sun" as homage to the battle between Tom Watson and Jack Nicklaus in 1977; this is also the name of a sports bar at the resort. In 2009, Watson, 59, held a one-shot lead when he bogeyed this hole in the final round, eventually losing the Open Championship in a playoff.[8]

Ailsa Course scorecard

Hole Name Yards Par Hole Name Yards Par
1 Ailsa Craig (named after the island) 354 4     10 Dinna Fouter (Don't Mess About) 456 4
2 Mak Siccar (Make Sure) 428 4 11 Maidens (named after a small village on the course) 175 3
3 Blaw Wearie (Out of Breath) 489 4 12 Monument (named after the memorial to lost airmen from both World Wars) 451 4
4 Woe-Be-Tide (a warning about the Firth of Clyde hazard) 166 3 13 Tickly Tap (Tricky Little Stroke) 410 4
5 Fin Me Oot (Find Me Out) 474 4 14 Risk-An-Hope (Risk and Hope) 448 4
6 Tappie Toorie (Hit to the Top) 231 3 15 Ca' Canny (Take Care) 206 3
7 Roon The Ben (Round the Mountain) 538 5 16 Wee Burn (Wilson's Little Burn) 455 4
8 Goat Fell (named after the tallest peak on the Isle of Arran) 454 4 17 Lang Whang (Long Whack) 559 5
9 Bruce's Castle (the remains of Scotland's king's castle can be seen) 449 4 18 Duel in the Sun (named in 2003 for the memorable finish here in 1977, between Tom Watson and Jack Nicklaus) 461 4
Out 3,583 35 In 3,621 35
Total 7,204 70

The Open Championship

File:Turnberry (Ailsa course) Holes 10 and 12.jpg
The 10th and 12th holes on the Open Championship venue Ailsa course
Stewart Cink, who won the 2009 Open Championship, the most recent to be held at Turnberry

At its first Open Championship in 1977, the course was the scene of the famous "Duel in the Sun",[9] when Tom Watson claimed a classic victory, one stroke ahead of Jack Nicklaus.[10]

The two were paired during the final two rounds and finished well ahead of the rest of the field. They posted identical scores for the first three rounds, and were tied through the 16th hole of the final round. Nicklaus missed a short birdie putt on the par-5 17th hole to tie Watson, who had reached in two and birdied. On the par-4 18th hole, Nicklaus recovered from the rough and sank a lengthy birdie putt, which forced Watson to sink his short birdie putt to win, which he did. It was the second of Watson's five Open titles; down two strokes on the 13th tee, he bested Nicklaus by three shots over the final six holes.

Nine years later in 1986, Greg Norman claimed the first of his two Opens (his only major titles), winning by five strokes. Nick Price won his second major (and only Open) in 1994, a single stroke ahead of runner-up Jesper Parnevik.

After a fifteen-year absence, the Ailsa Course hosted the Open in 2009, where 59-year-old Watson nearly won his sixth Open Championship. Up by a stroke at the 72nd hole, his approach shot took an unfortunate bounce on the front of the green, then ran off the back and led to a bogey. Watson then lost a four-hole playoff with Stewart Cink by six strokes; Cink birdied the 72nd hole and then posted two pars and two birdies in the playoff to win his only major title.

In December 2015 the R&A announced that the 2020 Open Championship would not be played at Turnberry, even though it had previously been considered likely to host the tournament, because of controversial comments made by Donald Trump about Muslims.[11]

The Open Championship winners at Turnberry, all played on the par-70 Ailsa Course:

Year Winner Country Score Winner's
share (£)
R1 R2 R3 R4 Total
1977 Tom Watson 2nd  United States 68 70 65 65 268 (−12) 10,000
1986 Greg Norman 1st  Australia 74 63 74 69 280 (E) 70,000
1994 Nick Price  Zimbabwe 69 66 67 66 268 (−12) 110,000
2009 Stewart Cink  United States 66 72 71 69 278 (−2)PO 750,000
  • Note: For multiple winners of The Open Championship, superscript ordinal identifies which in their respective careers.

The Senior Open Championship

Ailsa Craig to the southwest,
from the South Ayrshire coast

Winners of The Senior Open Championship at Turnberry.

Year Winner Country Score
1987 Neil Coles  England 279 (−1)
1988 Gary Player  South Africa 272 (−9)
1989 Bob Charles  New Zealand 269 (−11)
1990 Gary Player  South Africa 280 (E)
2003 Tom Watson  United States 263 (−17)PO
2006 Loren Roberts  United States 274 (−6)PO
2012 Fred Couples  United States 271 (−9)

Women's British Open

Winner of the Women's British Open at Turnberry.

Year Winner Country Score
2002 Karrie Webb  Australia 273 (−15)
2015 Inbee Park  South Korea 276 (−12)

The Ailsa Course was played as a par-72 at 6,407 yards (5,859 m) in 2002;[12] the WBO is scheduled to return in 2015.[13]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Turnberry at War
  2. "Turnberry on course for a £55m takeover". The Scotsman. 22 May 2008. Retrieved 25 October 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "US property tycoon Donald Trump buys Turnberry resort". BBC News. BBC. 29 April 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Carter, Iain (29 April 2014). "Turnberry: Donald Trump deal should not affect Open status". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 29 April 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Donald Trump adds his name to the Turnberry golf resort". BBC News. BBC. 16 June 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Donald Trump's name 'will boost Turnberry'". BBC News. BBC. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Turnberry's Kintyre Course proves to be true champion". PGA Tour. 27 February 2007.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Turnberry Resort – "Duel in the Sun" sports bar accessed 14 July 2009
  9. Golf.com – "Duel in the Sun" – accessed 14 July 2009
  10. Telegraph.co.uk, "Duel in the Sun" – accessed 14 July 2009
  11. Roberts, Daniel (14 December 2015). "Donald Trump Suffers Another Hit to His Golf Empire". Fortune. Retrieved 16 December 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Karrie Webb (AUS): Weetabix Women's British Open". Ladies European Tour. 11 August 2002. Retrieved 12 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Future venues". Ricoh Women's British Open. Retrieved 12 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links