|Scottish Gaelic: Torraibh / Baile Thurra|
|Scots: Turracode: sco is deprecated|
Turriff shown within Aberdeenshire
|OS grid reference|
|– Edinburgh||160 miles (257 km)|
|– London||569 miles (916 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Banff and Buchan|
|Scottish Parliament||Aberdeenshire East|
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Turriff (from Scottish Gaelic Torraibh, meaning "place of round hills") is a town and civil parish in Aberdeenshire in Scotland. It lies on the River Deveron, about 166 feet (51 m) above sea level, and has a population of 5,708. In everyday speech it is often referred to by its Scots name, Turra, which is derived from the Scottish Gaelic pronunciation.
Services and amenities
There are four Churches in Turriff, St Ninian's (Church of Scotland), St Andrew's (Church of Scotland), St Congan's (Episcopal Church), and a Baptist church.
Turriff has a primary school (Markethill Primary School) and a secondary school (Turriff Academy). People from the surrounding areas, including the villages of Cuminestown, Fyvie and King Edward attend the secondary school.
Bank of Scotland, Royal Bank of Scotland, Santander UK (formerly Alliance & Leicester), Clydesdale Bank and TSB have branches in the town. The main supermarket chains are Tesco (whose premises have previously been occupied by Presto, Gateway and Somerfield) and Co-op Food and there are numerous specialist shops including two dispensing pharmacies. The town has a library, a sports centre and swimming pool. It is served by Turriff Cottage Hospital. In October 2013, Aberdeenshire Council approved the transfer of the Municipal Building (previously used as council offices) to a volunteer group for use as a general community centre, and the building has since been renamed Turriff Town House, with the official handover expected to be completed in 2016.
The "Turriff Show", a two-day agricultural show which is widely accepted as Scotland's largest two-day agricultural show, is held annually on the first Sunday and Monday of August with the Monday being a local holiday in the town. The show marked its 150th anniversary in 2014 with a visit from Queen Elizabeth II.
The town has its own weekly newspaper, the Turriff Advertiser, established in 1933 and commonly nicknamed The Squeak.
A farmers and general street market, relaunched in 2013, takes place on the third Saturday of each month.
Turriff was notable as the scene of the very first engagements of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms (1639–51). Early in 1639, the Marquis of Huntly assembled his forces here, and thereafter went to Kintore in lower Aberdeenshire, eventually marching from there to Aberdeen itself. The Marquis — being informed shortly after his arrival in Aberdeen that a meeting of Covenanters was to be held in Turriff on the fourteenth of February — resolved to disperse them, by occupying the town with 2000 men. The incident was known as the "Raid of Turriff" and was followed a few days later by a minor engagement known as the "Trot of Turriff".
More recently, the 1913 Turra Coo incident in the parish was the result of a local refusal to pay National Insurance when this was introduced by Lloyd George's government. The Sherriff's department seized a cow from a local farmer who refused to pay National Insurance contributions for his workers. The Sherriff's department had difficulty selling the cow, as locals were sympathetic toward the farmer. Eventually they brought in an outside auctioneer, but the auction was disrupted by protesters and the cow escaped. A statue of the "coo" was erected in 2010 in the town centre at the junction of High Street and Main Street and has become a popular emblem for the town.
Historically, Turriff was an important centre for agricultural trade, with its mart being mentioned in the mid-19th century Second Statistical Account of Scotland as one of the largest in the country. The mart finally ceased operation in December 1989, having been eclipsed by the newer Thainstone Mart at Inverurie. At one time the town was served by the Banff, Macduff and Turriff Junction Railway.
- Gaelic Placenames collected by Iain Mac an Tailleir (2003)
- General Register Office for Scotland : Census 2001 : Usual Resident Population KS01 : Turriff Civil Parish Retrieved 4 January 2010
- Trevor Royle (2005) Civil War: The Wars of the Three Kingdoms. London, Abacus: 89-91