UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists

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Distribution by countries

UNESCO established its lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage with the aim of ensuring the better protection of important intangible cultural heritages worldwide and the awareness of their significance.[1] Through a compendium of the different oral and intangible treasures of humankind worldwide, the program aims to draw attention to the importance of safeguarding intangible heritage, which UNESCO has identified as an essential component and as a repository of cultural diversity and of creative expression.[2][3]

The list was established in 2008 when the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage took effect.

As of 2010 the programme compiles two lists. The longer Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity comprises cultural "practices and expressions [that] help demonstrate the diversity of this heritage and raise awareness about its importance." The shorter List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding is composed of those cultural elements that concerned communities and countries consider require urgent measures to keep them alive.[4][5]

In 2013 four elements were inscribed on the List Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding, which helps States Parties mobilize international cooperation and assistance to ensure the transmission of this heritage with the participation of the concerned communities. The Urgent Safeguarding List now numbers 35 elements. The Committee[which?] also inscribed 25 elements on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, which serves to raise awareness of intangible heritage and provide recognition to communities’ traditions and know-how that reflect their cultural diversity. The List does not attribute or recognize any standard of excellence or exclusivity. Four of the 158 States Parties to the Convention—Ethiopia, the Republic of Macedonia, Niger and Ukraine — had their first inscriptions on that List, which as of 2010 totalled 281 elements.[4]

Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

The Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity contains intangible cultural heritage elements that "help demonstrate the diversity of [cultural] heritage and raise awareness about its importance".[6]

Member state Element[A] Year Proclaimed[B] Year Inscribed[C] Region[D] Reference
 Albania Albanian folk iso-polyphony 2005 2008 ENA [7]
 Algeria Ahellil of Gourara 2005 2008 AST [8]
Rites and craftsmanship associated with the wedding costume tradition of Tlemcen 2012 AST [9]
Annual pilgrimage to the mausoleum of Sidi 'Abd el-Qader Ben Mohammed (Sidi Cheikh) 2013 AST [10]
Ritual and ceremonies of Sebeïba in the oasis of Djanet, Algeria 2014 AST [11]
Sbuâ, annual pilgrimage to the zawiya of Sidi El Hadj Belkacem in Gourara 2015 AST [12]
 Algeria
 Mali
 Niger
Practices and knowledge linked to the Imzad of the Tuareg communities of Algeria, Mali and Niger 2013 AFR, AST [13]
 Andorra
 Spain
 France
Summer solstice fire festivals in the Pyrenees 2015 ENA [14]
 Argentina Filete porteño in Buenos Aires, a traditional painting technique 2015 LAC [15]
 Argentina
 Uruguay
Tango 2009 LAC [16]
 Armenia Duduk and its music 2005 2008 ENA [17]
Armenian cross-stones art. Symbolism and craftsmanship of Khachkars 2010 ENA [18]
Performance of the Armenian epic of 'Daredevils of Sassoun' or 'David of Sassoun' 2012 ENA [19]
Lavash, the preparation, meaning and appearance of traditional bread as an expression of culture in Armenia 2014 ENA [20]
 Austria Schemenlaufen, the carnival of Imst, Austria 2012 ENA [21]
Classical horsemanship and the High School of the Spanish Riding School Vienna 2015 ENA [22]
 Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Mugham 2003 2008 APA [23]
Art of Azerbaijani Ashiq 2009 APA [24]
Traditional art of Azerbaijani carpet weaving in the Republic of Azerbaijan 2010 APA [25]
Craftsmanship and performance art of the Tar, a long-necked string musical instrument 2012 APA [26]
Traditional art and symbolism of Kelaghayi, making and wearing women's silk headscarves 2014 APA [27]
Copper craftsmanship of Lahij 2015 APA [28]
Azerbaijan, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 APA [29]
 Bangladesh Baul songs 2005 2008 APA [30]
Traditional art of Jamdani weaving 2013 APA [31]
United Arab Emirates, Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Republic of Korea, Mongolia, Morocco, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Syrian Arab Republic Falconry, a living human heritage 2010 AFR, APA, AST, ENA [32]
 Belgium Carnival of Binche 2003 2008 ENA [33]
Procession of the Holy Blood in Bruges 2009 ENA [34]
Aalst carnival 2010 ENA [35]
Houtem Jaarmarkt, annual winter fair and livestock market at Sint-Lievens-Houtem 2010 ENA [36]
Krakelingen and Tonnekensbrand, end-of-winter bread and fire feast at Geraardsbergen 2010 ENA [37]
Leuven age set ritual repertoire 2011 ENA [38]
Marches of Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse 2012 ENA [39]
Shrimp fishing on horseback in Oostduinkerke 2013 ENA [40]
 Belgium
 France
Processional giants and dragons in Belgium and France 2005 2008 ENA [41]
 Belize
 Guatemala
 Honduras
 Nicaragua
Language, dance and music of the Garifuna 2001 2008 LAC [42]
 Benin
 Nigeria
 Togo
Oral heritage of Gelede 2001 2008 AFR [43]
 Bhutan Mask dance of the drums from Drametse 2005 2008 APA [44]
 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Andean cosmovision of the Kallawaya 2003 2008 LAC [45]
Carnival of Oruro 2001 2008 LAC [46]
Ichapekene Piesta, the biggest festival of San Ignacio de Moxos 2012 LAC [47]
Pujllay and Ayarichi, music and dances of the Yampara culture 2014 LAC [48]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Zmijanje embroidery 2014 ENA [49]
 Brazil Oral and graphic expressions of the Wajapi 2003 2008 LAC [50]
Samba de Roda of the Recôncavo of Bahia 2005 2008 LAC [51]
Frevo, performing arts of the Carnival of Recife 2012 LAC [52]
Círio de Nazaré (The Taper of Our Lady of Nazareth) in the city of Belém, Pará 2013 LAC [53]
Capoeira circle 2014 LAC [54]
 Bulgaria Bistritsa Babi, archaic polyphony, dances and rituals from the Shoplouk region 2005 2008 ENA [55]
Nestinarstvo, messages from the past: the Panagyr of Saints Constantine and Helena in the village of Bulgari 2009 ENA [56]
The tradition of carpet-making in Chiprovtsi 2014 ENA [57]
Surova folk feast in Pernik region 2015 ENA [58]
 Burkina Faso
 Mali
 Côte d'Ivoire
Cultural practices and expressions linked to the balafon of the Senufo communities of Mali, Burkina Faso and Côte d'Ivoire 2012 AFR [59]
 Burundi Ritual dance of the royal drum 2014 AFR [60]
 Cambodia Royal ballet of Cambodia 2003 2008 APA [61]
Sbek Thom, Khmer shadow theatre 2005 2008 APA [62]
 Cambodia
 Philippines
 Republic of Korea
 Viet Nam
Tugging rituals and games 2015 APA [63]
 Central African Republic Polyphonic singing of the Aka Pygmies of Central Africa 2003 2008 AFR [64]
 Chile Baile Chino 2014 LAC [65]
 China Kun Qu opera 2001 2008 APA [66]
Guqin and its music 2003 2008 APA [67]
Uyghur Muqam of Xinjiang 2005 2008 APA [68]
Art of Chinese seal engraving 2009 APA [69]
China engraved block printing technique 2009 APA [70]
Chinese calligraphy 2009 APA [71]
Chinese paper-cut 2009 APA [72]
Chinese traditional architectural craftsmanship for timber-framed structures 2009 APA [73]
Craftsmanship of Nanjing Yunjin brocade 2009 APA [74]
Dragon Boat festival 2009 APA [75]
Farmers' dance of China’s Korean ethnic group 2009 APA [76]
Gesar epic tradition 2009 APA [77]
Grand song of the Dong ethnic group 2009 APA [78]
Hua'er 2009 APA [79]
Manas 2009 APA [80]
Mazu belief and customs 2009 APA [81]
Nanyin 2009 APA [82]
Regong arts 2009 APA [83]
Sericulture and silk craftsmanship of China 2009 APA [84]
Tibetan opera 2009 APA [85]
Traditional firing technology of Longquan celadon 2009 APA [86]
Traditional handicrafts of making Xuan paper 2009 APA [87]
Xi'an wind and percussion ensemble 2009 APA [88]
Yueju opera 2009 APA [89]
Acupuncture and moxibustion of traditional Chinese medicine 2010 APA [90]
Peking opera 2010 APA [91]
Chinese shadow puppetry 2011 APA [92]
Chinese Zhusuan, knowledge and practices of mathematical calculation through the abacus 2013 APA [93]
 Mongolia
 China
Urtiin Duu, traditional folk long song 2005 2008 APA [94]
 Colombia Carnival of Barranquilla 2003 2008 LAC [95]
Cultural space of Palenque de San Basilio 2005 2008 LAC [96]
Carnaval de Negros y Blancos 2009 LAC [97]
Holy Week processions in Popayán 2009 LAC [98]
Wayuu normative system, applied by the Pütchipü’üi (palabrero) 2010 LAC [99]
Traditional knowledge of the jaguar shamans of Yuruparí 2011 LAC [100]
Festival of Saint Francis of Assisi, Quibdó 2012 LAC [101]
 Colombia
 Ecuador
Marimba music, traditional chants and dances from the Colombia South Pacific region and Esmeraldas Province of Ecuador 2015 LAC [102]
 Costa Rica Oxherding and oxcart traditions in Costa Rica 2005 2008 LAC [103]
 Côte d'Ivoire Gbofe of Afounkaha, the music of the transverse trumps of the Tagbana community 2001 2008 AFR [104]
 Croatia
Annual carnival bell ringers' pageant from the Kastav area 2009 ENA [105]
Festivity of Saint Blaise, the patron of Dubrovnik 2009 ENA [106]
Lacemaking in Croatia 2009 ENA [107]
Procession Za Krizen ('following the cross') on the island of Hvar 2009 ENA [108]
Spring procession of Ljelje/Kraljice (queens) from Gorjani 2009 ENA [109]
Traditional manufacturing of children’s wooden toys in Hrvatsko Zagorje 2009 ENA [110]
Two-part singing and playing in the Istrian scale 2009 ENA [111]
Gingerbread craft from Northern Croatia 2010 ENA [112]
Sinjska Alka, a knights’ tournament in Sinj 2010 ENA [113]
Bećarac singing and playing from Eastern Croatia 2011 ENA [114]
Nijemo Kolo, silent circle dance of the Dalmatian hinterland 2011 ENA [115]
Klapa multipart singing of Dalmatia, southern Croatia 2012 ENA [116]
 Cuba La Tumba Francesa 2003 2008 LAC [117]
 Cyprus Lefkara laces or Lefkaritika 2009 ENA [118]
Tsiattista poetic duelling 2011 ENA [119]
 Czech Republic Slovácko Verbuňk, recruit dances 2005 2008 ENA [120]
Shrovetide door-to-door processions and masks in the villages of the Hlinecko area 2010 ENA [121]
Ride of the Kings in the south-east of the Czech Republic 2011 ENA [122]
 Democratic People's Republic of Korea Arirang folk song in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 2014 APA [123]
Tradition of kimchi-making in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 2015 APA [124]
 Dominican Republic Cultural Space of the Brotherhood of the Holy Spirit of the Congos of Villa Mella 2001 2008 LAC [125]
Cocolo Dance Drama Tradition 2005 2008 LAC [126]
 Ecuador Traditional weaving of the Ecuadorian toquilla straw hat 2012 LAC [127]
 Ecuador
 Peru
Oral heritage and cultural manifestations of the Zápara people 2001 2008 LAC [128]
 Egypt The Al-Sirah Al-Hilaliyyah Epic 2003 2008 AST [129]
 Estonia Kihnu cultural space 2003 2008 ENA [130]
Seto Leelo, Seto polyphonic singing tradition 2009 ENA [131]
Smoke sauna tradition in Võromaa 2014 ENA [132]
 Estonia
 Latvia
 Lithuania
Baltic (Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian) song and dance celebrations 2003 2008 ENA [133]
 Ethiopia Commemoration feast of the finding of the True Holy Cross of Christ 2013 AFR [134]
Fichee-Chambalaalla, New Year festival of the Sidama people 2015 AFR [135]
 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Feast of the Holy Forty Martyrs in Štip 2013 ENA [136]
Kopachkata, a social dance from the village of Dramche, Pijanec 2014 ENA [137]
 France Aubusson tapestry 2009 ENA [138]
Maloya 2009 ENA [139]
Scribing tradition in French timber framing 2009 ENA [140]
Compagnonnage, network for on-the-job transmission of knowledge and identities 2010 ENA [141]
Craftsmanship of Alençon needle lace-making 2010 ENA [142]
Gastronomic meal of the French 2010 ENA [143]
Equitation in the French tradition 2011 ENA [144]
Fest-Noz, festive gathering based on the collective practice of traditional dances of Brittany 2012 ENA [145]
Limousin septennial ostensions 2013 ENA [146]
Gwoka: music, song, dance and cultural practice representative of Guadeloupean identity 2014 ENA [147]
 Gambia
 Senegal
Kankurang, Manding initiatory rite 2005 2008 AFR [148]
 Georgia Georgian polyphonic singing 2001 2008 ENA [149]
Ancient Georgian traditional Qvevri wine-making method 2013 ENA [150]
 Greece Know-how of cultivating mastic on the island of Chios 2014 ENA [151]
Tinian marble craftsmanship 2015 ENA [152]
 Greece
 Italy
 Spain
 Morocco
 Portugal
 Croatia
 Cyprus
Mediterranean diet

(In 2010, Italy, Spain, Greece and Morocco were the first to be recognised, but on December 4, 2013, Portugal, Cyprus and Croatia were also recognised by UNESCO.)

2013 ENA, AFR [153]
 Guatemala Rabinal Achí dance drama tradition 2005 2008 LAC [154]
 Guinea Cultural space of Sosso-Bala 2001 2008 AFR [155]
 Hungary Busó festivities at Mohács: masked end-of-winter carnival custom 2009 ENA [156]
Folk art of the Matyó, embroidery of a traditional community 2012 ENA [157]
 India Koodiyattam, Sanskrit Theatre, Kerala 2001 2008 APA [158]
Mudiyett: a ritual theatre of Kerala 2010 APA [159]
The Tradition of Vedic Chanting 2003 2008 APA [160]
Ramlila – the Traditional Performance of the Ramayana 2005 2008 APA [161]
Ramman: religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas 2009 APA [162]
Kalbelia: folk songs and dances of Rajasthan 2010 APA [163]
Chhau dance: a tradition from eastern India 2010 APA
Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India 2012 APA [164]
Sankirtana, ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur 2013 APA [165]
Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab 2014 APA [166]
 Indonesia Wayang Puppet Theatre 2003 2008 APA [167]
Indonesian Kris 2005 2008 APA [168]
Indonesian Batik 2009 APA [169]
Indonesian Angklung 2010 APA [170]
 Iran (Islamic Republic of) Radif of Iranian music 2009 APA [171]
Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 ENA [172]
Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Kashan 2010 APA [173]
Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Fars 2010 APA [174]
Ritual dramatic art of Ta‘zīye 2010 APA [175]
Pahlevani and Zoorkhanei rituals 2010 APA [176]
Music of the Bakhshis of Khorasan 2010 APA [177]
Qālišuyān rituals of Mašhad-e Ardehāl in Kāšān 2012 APA [178]
 Iraq The Iraqi Maqam 2003 2008 AST [179]
 Italy Opera dei Pupi, Sicilian Puppet Theatre 2001 2008 ENA [180]
Canto a tenore, Sardinian Pastoral Songs 2005 2008 ENA [181]
Traditional violin craftsmanship in Cremona 2012 ENA [182]
Celebrations of big shoulder-borne processional structures 2013 ENA [183]
Traditional agricultural practice of cultivating the "vite ad alberello" (head-trained bush vines) of the community of Pantelleria 2014 ENA [184]
 Jamaica The Maroon Heritage of Moore Town 2003 2008 LAC [185]
 Japan Nôgaku Theatre 2001 2008 APA [186]
Ningyo Johruri Bunraku Puppet Theatre 2003 2008 APA [187]
Kabuki Theatre 2005 2008 APA [188]
Akiu no Taue Odori 2009 APA [189]
Chakkirako 2009 APA [190]
Daimokutate 2009 APA [191]
Dainichido Bugaku 2009 APA [192]
Gagaku 2009 APA [193]
Hayachine Kagura 2009 APA [194]
Hitachi Furyumono 2009 APA [195]
Koshikijima no Toshidon 2009 APA [196]
Ojiya-chijimi, Echigo jofu: techniques of making ramie fabric in Uonuma region, Niigata Prefecture 2009 APA [197]
Oku-noto no Aenokoto 2009 APA [198]
Traditional Ainu dance 2009 APA [199]
Yamahoko, the float ceremony of the Kyoto Gion festival 2009 APA [200]
Kumiodori, traditional Okinawan musical theatre 2010 APA [201]
Yuki tsumugi, silk fabric production technique 2010 APA [202]
Mibu no Hana Taue, ritual of transplanting rice in Mibu, Hiroshima 2011 APA [203]
Sada Shin Noh, sacred dancing at Sada shrine, Shimane 2011 APA [204]
Nachi no Dengaku, a religious performing art held at the Nachi fire festival 2012 APA [205]
Washoku, traditional dietary cultures of the Japanese, notably for the celebration of New Year 2013 APA [206]
Washi, craftsmanship of traditional Japanese hand-made paper[207] 2014 APA [208]
 Jordan The Cultural Space of the Bedu in Petra and Wadi Rum 2005 2008 AST [209]
 Kyrgyzstan The Art of Akyns, Kyrgyz Epic Tellers 2003 2008 APA [210]
Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 ENA [172]
 Lithuania Cross-crafting and its Symbolism 2001 2008 ENA [211]
Sutartinės, Lithuanian multipart songs 2010 ENA [212]
 Luxembourg Hopping procession of Echternach 2010 ENA [213]
 Madagascar The Woodcrafting Knowledge of the Zafimaniry 2003 2008 AFR [214]
 Malawi The Vimbuza Healing Dance 2005 2008 AFR [215]
Tchopa, sacrificial dance of the Lhomwe people of southern Malawi 2014 AFR [215]
 Malawi
 Mozambique
 Zambia
The Gule Wamkulu 2005 2008 AFR [216]
 Malaysia Mak Yong Theatre 2005 2008 APA [217]
 Mali The Cultural Space of the Yaaral and Degal 2003 2008 AFR [218]
The Manden Charter, proclaimed in Kurukan Fuga 2009 AFR
The septennial re-roofing ceremony of the Kamablon, sacred house of Kangaba 2009 AFR
Coming forth of the masks and puppets in Markala 2014 AFR
 Mexico The Indigenous Festivity dedicated to the Dead 2003 2008 LAC [219]
Places of memory and living traditions of the Otomí-Chichimecas people of Tolimán: the Peña de Bernal, guardian of a sacred territory 2009 LAC [220]
Ritual ceremony of the Voladores: Papantla, El Tajín 2009 LAC [221]
Traditional Mexican cuisine – ancestral, ongoing community culture, the Michoacán paradigm 2010 LAC [222]

[223]

Parachicos in the traditional January feast of Chiapa de Corzo 2010 LAC [224]
Pirekua, traditional song of the Purépecha 2010 LAC [225]
Mariachi, string music, song and trumpet 2011 LAC [226]
 Moldova The Christmas Carols in masculine horde (shared with Romania) 2013 ENA
 Mongolia The Traditional Music of the Morin Khuur 2003 2008 APA [227][228]
Traditional epic poem 2009
Tsuur end-blown flute 2009
The Traditional Naadam festival 2010 APA [229]
Falconry 2012 [230][231]
Traditional craftsmanship of the Mongol Ger and its associated customs 2013 [227]
Mongolian knuckle-bone shooting 2014 APA [229]
 Mongolia
 China
Mongolian Urtiin Duu – Traditional Folk Long Song 2005 2008 APA [232]
Mongolian art of singing: Khoomei 2010 APA
 Morocco The Cultural Space of Jemaa el-Fna Square 2001 2008 AST [233]
The Moussem of Tan-Tan 2005 2008 AST [234]
Argan, practices and know-how concerning the argan tree 2014 AST [234]
 Mozambique The Chopi Timbila 2005 2008 AFR [235]
 Mauritius Traditional Mauritian Sega 2014 AFR [235]
 Niger Practices and expressions of joking relationships in Niger 2014 AFR [236]
 Nicaragua El Güegüense 2005 2008 LAC [236]
 Nigeria The Ifá Divination System 2005 2008 AFR [237]
Ijele masquerade 2009 AFR
 Palestine The Palestinian Hikaye 2005 2008 AST [238]
 Peru Taquile and its Textile Art 2005 2008 LAC [239]
Huaconada, ritual dance of Mito 2010 LAC [240]
The scissors dance 2010 LAC [241]
Pilgrimage to the sanctuary of the Lord of Qoyllurit'i 2011 LAC [242]
Virgen de la Candelaria, Harákmbut sung prayers of Peru's Huachipaire people 2014 LAC [243]
 Philippines The Hudhud Chants of the Ifugao 2001 2008 APA [244]
The Darangen Epic of the Maranao People of Lake Lanao 2005 2008 APA [245]
 Portugal The Fado, urban popular song of Portugal, performance genre incorporating music and poetry widely practised in the country and among emigrant communities 2011 ENA [246]
The Cante Alentejano, polyphonic singing from Alentejo, southern Portugal 2014 ENA [247]
 Republic of Korea The Royal Ancestral Ritual in the Jongmyo Shrine and its Music 2001 2008 APA [248]
The Pansori Epic Chant 2003 2008 APA [249]
The Gangneung Danoje Festival 2005 2008 APA [250]
Cheoyongmu 2009 APA [251]
Ganggangsullae 2009 APA [252]
Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut 2009 APA [253]
Namsadang Nori 2009 APA [254]
Yeongsanjae 2009 APA [255]
Daemokjang, traditional wooden architecture 2010 APA [256]
Gagok, lyric song cycles accompanied by an orchestra 2010 APA [257]
Jultagi, tightrope walking 2011 APA [258]
Taekkyeon, a traditional Korean martial art 2011 APA [259]
Weaving of Mosi (fine ramie) in the Hansan region 2011 APA [260]
Korean folk song Arirang 2012 APA [261]
Gimjang, kimchi making season 2013 APA [262]
Nongak, community band music, dance and rituals in the Republic of Korea 2014 APA [263]
 Romania The Căluș tradition 2005 2008 ENA [264]
Doina 2009 ENA
The Horezu ceramics 2012 ENA
The Christmas carols in masculine horde (shared with Moldova) 2013 ENA
Lad's dances 2015 ENA [265][266]
 Russia The Cultural Space and Oral Culture of the Semeiskie 2001 2008 ENA [267]
The Olonkho, Yakut Heroic Epos 2005 2008 ENA [268]
 Serbia Slava, celebration of family saint patron’s day 2014 ENA [269]
 Slovakia The Fujara and its Music 2005 2008 ENA [270]
 Spain The Mystery Play of Elche 2001 2008 ENA [271]
The Patum of Berga 2005 2008 ENA [272]
Irrigators' tribunals of the Spanish Mediterranean coast: the Council of Wise Men of the plain of Murcia and the Water Tribunal of the plain of Valencia 2009 ENA
Whistled language of the island of La Gomera 2009 ENA
Human towers 2010 ENA
Flamenco 2010 ENA
The chant of the Sybil on Majorca 2010 ENA
Festivity of 'la Mare de Déu de la Salut' of Algemesí 2011 ENA [273]
 Tonga The Lakalaka, Dances and Sung Speeches of Tonga 2003 2008 APA [274]
 Turkey The Arts of the Meddah, Public Storytellers 2003 2008 ENA [275]
The Mevlevi Sema Ceremony 2005 2008 ENA [276]
Karagöz and Hacivat 2009 ENA [277]
Âşıklık tradition 2009 ENA [278]
Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz 2009 ENA [279]
Traditional Sohbet meetings 2010 ENA [280]
Kırkpınar oil wrestling festival 2010 ENA [281]
Semah, Alevi-Bektaşi ritual 2010 ENA [282]
Ceremonial Keşkek tradition 2011 ENA [283]
Mesir Macunu festival 2012 ENA [284]
Turkish coffee culture and tradition 2013 ENA [285]
Ebru, Turkish art of marbling 2014 ENA [286]
 Uganda Barkcloth Making in Uganda 2005 2008 AFR [287]
 Ukraine Petrykivka decorative painting as a phenomenon of the Ukrainian ornamental folk art 2013 ENA [288]
 Uruguay The Candombe and its socio-cultural space: a community practice 2009 LAC
 Uzbekistan The Cultural Space of the Boysun District 2001 2008 APA [289]
Shashmaqom Music 2003 2008 APA [290]
Katta Ashula 2009 APA
 Vanuatu Vanuatu Sand Drawings 2003 2008 APA [291]
 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Dancing Devils of Corpus Christi 2012 LAC [292]
 Viet Nam Nhã nhạc, Vietnamese Court Music 2003 2008 APA [293]
The Space of Gong Culture 2005 2008 APA [294]
The Quan Họ Bắc Ninh folk songs 2009 APA [295]
The Gióng Festival at Phù Đổng and Sóc Temples 2010 APA [296]
The Worship of Hùng Kings in Phú Thọ 2012 APA [297]
The Art of Đờn ca tài tử music and song in southern Việt Nam 2013 APA [298]
The Ví and Giặm folk songs of Nghệ Tĩnh 2014 APA [299]
 Yemen The Song of Sana'a 2003 2008 AST [300]
 Zambia The Makishi Masquerade 2005 2008 AFR [301]
 Zimbabwe The Mbende Jerusarema Dance 2005 2008 AFR [302]

List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding

The List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding contains intangible cultural heritage elements "that concerned communities and States Parties consider require urgent measures to keep them alive".[6]

Member state Element[A] Year Inscribed[C] Region[D] Reference
 Azerbaijan Chovqan, a traditional Karabakh horse-riding game in the Republic of Azerbaijan 2013 ENA [303]
 Belarus Rite of the Kalyady Tsars (Christmas Tsars) 2009 ENA [304]
 Botswana Earthenware pottery-making skills in Botswana's Kgatleng District 2012 AFR [305]
 Brazil Yaokwa, the Enawene Nawe people's ritual for the maintenance of social and cosmic order 2011 LAC [306]
 China Traditional design and practices for building Chinese wooden arch bridges 2009 APA [307]
Traditional Li textile techniques: spinning, dyeing, weaving and embroidering 2009 APA [308]
Qiang New Year festival 2009 APA [309]
Meshrep 2010 APA [310]
Watertight-bulkhead technology of Chinese junks 2010 APA [311]
Wooden movable-type printing of China 2010 APA [312]
Hezhen Yimakan storytelling 2011 APA [313]
 Colombia Traditional Vallenato music of the Greater Magdalena region 2015 LAC [314]
 Croatia Ojkanje singing 2010 ENA [315]
 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Glasoechko, male two-part singing in Dolni Polog 2015 ENA [316]
 France Cantu in paghjella, a secular and liturgical oral tradition of Corsica 2009 ENA [317]
 Guatemala Nan Pa'ch ceremony 2013 LAC [318]
 Indonesia Saman dance 2011 APA [319]
Noken multifunctional knotted or woven bag, handcraft of the people of Papua 2012 APA [320]
 Iran (Islamic Republic of) Naqqāli, Iranian dramatic story-telling 2011 APA [321]
Traditional skills of building and sailing Iranian Lenj boats in the Persian Gulf 2011 APA [322]
 Kenya Traditions and practices associated with the Kayas in the sacred forests of the Mijikenda 2009 AFR [323]
Isukuti dance of Isukha and Idakho communities of Western Kenya 2014 AFR [324]
 Kyrgyzstan Ala-kiyiz and Shyrdak, art of Kyrgyz traditional felt carpets 2012 APA [325]
 Latvia Suiti cultural space 2009 ENA [326]
 Mali Sanké mon, collective fishing rite of the Sanké 2009 AFR [327]
Secret society of the Kôrêdugaw, the rite of wisdom in Mali 2011 AFR [328]
 Mauritania Moorish epic T'heydinn 2011 AST [329]
 Mongolia Mongol Biyelgee, Mongolian traditional folk dance 2009 APA [330]
Mongol Tuuli, Mongolian epic 2009 APA [331]
Folk long song performance technique of Limbe performances - circular breathing 2011 APA [332]
Mongolian calligraphy 2013 APA [333]
Coaxing ritual for camels 2015 APA [334]
 Peru Eshuva, Harákmbut sung prayers of Peru's Huachipaire people 2011 LAC [335]
 Portugal Manufacture of cowbells 2015 ENA [336]
 Uganda Bigwala, gourd trumpet music and dance of the Busoga Kingdom in Uganda 2012 AFR [337]
Empaako tradition of the Batooro, Banyoro, Batuku, Batagwenda and Banyabindi of western Uganda 2013 AFR [338]
Male-child cleansing ceremony of the Lango of central northern Uganda 2014 AFR [339]
Koogere oral tradition of the Basongora, Banyabindi and Batooro peoples 2015 AFR [340]
 United Arab Emirates Al Sadu, traditional weaving skills in the United Arab Emirates 2011 AST [341]
 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Mapoyo oral tradition and its symbolic reference points within their ancestral territory 2014 LAC [342]
 Viet Nam Ca trù singing 2009 APA [343]
Xoan singing of Phú Thọ Province, Viet Nam 2011 APA [344]

Statistics

Ratification

States that ratified the Convention, by region:

Proclamation UNESCO Member States States Parties to the Convention  % States Parties – UNESCO Member States by region
Western Europe and North America 27 19 70%
Eastern Europe 25 24 96%
Latin America and Caribbean 33 29 88%
Asia and Pacific 44 31 75%
Africa 47 39 79%
Arab States 19 16 84%
TOTAL 195 158 80%

Elements inscribed in 2008–2013

Total of inscriptions to date: 337, of which 18 are multinational

Region Elements / programmes Submitting States
Africa 27 20
Arab States 19 13
Asia and the Pacific 132 17
Europe and North America 19 17[E]
Latin America and the Caribbean 48 18
Eastern Europe 55 20
Total 337 98

Proclaimed masterpieces

The Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage were established in 2008, when the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage took effect.[345] Prior to this, a project known as the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity has already been active in recognizing the value of intangibles such as tradition, custom and cultural spaces and the local actors who sustain these forms of cultural expressions through a Proclamation.[2] Identification of the Masterpieces also entails the commitment of states to promote and safeguard these treasures, while UNESCO finances plans for their conservation.[2] Started in 2001 and held biennially until 2005, a total of three Proclamations occurred, encompassing 90 forms of intangible heritage around the world.[3]

The 90 previously proclaimed Masterpieces have been incorporated into the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity as its first entries, to be known as elements.[1][346] Subsequent elements will be added following the assessment of nominations submitted by national governments acceding to the UNESCO Convention, termed as member states, who are each allowed to submit a single candidature file, in addition to multi-national candidatures. A panel of experts in intangible heritage and an appointed body, known as the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage, then examine each of the nominations before officially inscribing the candidates as elements on the List.[347]

See also

Notes and references

Notes

^ A. Names and spellings used for the elements were based on the official List as published.
^ B. A total of three Proclamations of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity were made in 2001, 2003 and 2005. The proclamation was superseded in 2008 when the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity was established.[348]
^ C. The 90 elements that were previously proclaimed as Masterpieces have been inscribed onto the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity as per the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage.
^ D. Grouping of member states by region is based on the official List as published. Abbreviations were used for convenience:

  • AFR: Africa
  • AST: Arab States
  • APA: Asia and the Pacific
  • ENA: Europe and North America
  • LAC: Latin America and the Caribbean

^ F. The Transcaucasian States of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, and Russian Federation are included in the Europe and North America Region.

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  101. "Festival of Saint Francis of Assisi, Quibdó". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  102. "Marimba music, traditional chants and dances from the Colombia South Pacific region and Esmeraldas Province of Ecuador". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  104. "Gbofe of Afounkaha, the music of the transverse trumps of the Tagbana community - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  105. "Annual carnival bell ringers' pageant from the Kastav area - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  106. "Festivity of Saint Blaise, the patron of Dubrovnik - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  107. "Lacemaking in Croatia - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  108. "Procession Za Krizen ('following the cross') on the island of Hvar - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  109. "Spring procession of Ljelje/Kraljice (queens) from Gorjani - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  110. "Traditional manufacturing of children's wooden toys in Hrvatsko Zagorje - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  111. "Two-part singing and playing in the Istrian scale - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  112. "Gingerbread craft from Northern Croatia - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  113. "Sinjska Alka, a knights' tournament in Sinj - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  114. "Bećarac singing and playing from Eastern Croatia - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  115. "Nijemo Kolo, silent circle dance of the Dalmatian hinterland - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  116. "Klapa multipart singing of Dalmatia, southern Croatia - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  117. "La Tumba Francesa - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  118. "Lefkara laces or Lefkaritika - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18. Lefkara laces or Lefkaritika<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  119. "Tsiattista poetic duelling - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  120. "Slovácko Verbuňk, recruit dances - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  121. "Shrovetide door-to-door processions and masks in the villages of the Hlinecko area - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  122. "Ride of the Kings in the south-east of the Czech Republic - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  123. "Arirang folk song in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  124. "Tradition of kimchi-making in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  125. "Cultural Space of the Brotherhood of the Holy Spirit of the Congos of Villa Mella". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  126. "Cocolo Dance Drama Tradition". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  127. "Traditional weaving of the Ecuadorian toquilla straw hat". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  128. "Oral heritage and cultural manifestations of the Zápara people". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  129. "The Al-Sirah Al-Hilaliyyah Epic". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  130. "Kihnu cultural space". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-12-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  131. "Seto Leelo, Seto polyphonic singing tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-12-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  132. "Smoke sauna tradition in Võromaa". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-12-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  133. "Baltic song and dance celebrations". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-01-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  134. "Commemoration feast of the finding of the True Holy Cross of Christ". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  135. "Fichee-Chambalaalla, New Year festival of the Sidama people". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  136. "Feast of the Holy Forty Martyrs in Štip". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  137. "Kopachkata, a social dance from the village of Dramche, Pijanec". unesco.org. Retrieved 2014-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  138. "Aubusson tapestry". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  139. "Maloya". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  140. "Scribing tradition in French timber framing". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  141. "Compagnonnage, network for on-the-job transmission of knowledge and identities". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  142. "Craftsmanship of Alençon needle lace-making". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  143. "Gastronomic meal of the French". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  144. "Equitation in the French tradition". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  145. "Fest-Noz, festive gathering based on the collective practice of traditional dances of Brittany". unesco.org. Retrieved 2011-12-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  146. "Limousin septennial ostensions". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  147. "Gwoka: music, song, dance and cultural practice representative of Guadeloupean identity". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  148. "Kankurang, Manding initiatory rite". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  149. "Georgian polyphonic singing". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  150. "Ancient Georgian traditional Qvevri wine-making method". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  151. "Know-how of cultivating mastic on the island of Chios". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  152. "Tinian marble craftsmanship". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  153. "Mediterranean Diet". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  154. "Rabinal Achí dance drama tradition". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  155. "Cultural space of Sosso-Bala". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  156. "Busó festivities at Mohács: masked end-of-winter carnival custom". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  157. "Folk art of the Matyó, embroidery of a traditional community". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  158. "Kutiyattam, Sanskrit Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  159. "Mudiyettu, ritual theatre and dance drama of Kerala". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  160. "The Tradition of Vedic Chanting". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  161. "Ramlila – the Traditional Performance of the Ramayana". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  162. "Ramman, religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas, India". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  163. "Kalbelia folk songs and dances of Rajasthan". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  164. "Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  165. "Sankirtana, ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-07-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  166. "Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-07-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  167. "Wayang Puppet Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-06-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  168. "Indonesian Kris". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-06-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  169. "Indonesian Batik". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-10-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  170. "Indonesian Angklung". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2010-11-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  171. "The Radif of Iranian music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-10-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  172. 172.0 172.1 "Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  173. "Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Kashan". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  174. "Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Fars". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  175. "Ritual dramatic art of Ta'zīye". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  176. "Pahlevani and Zoorkhanei rituals". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  177. "Music of the Bakhshis of Khorasan". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-05-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  178. "Qālišuyān rituals of Mašhad-e Ardehāl in Kāšān". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-01-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  179. "The Iraqi Maqam". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  180. "Opera dei Pupi, Sicilian Puppet Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  181. "Canto a tenore, Sardinian Pastoral Songs". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  182. "Traditional violin craftsmanship in Cremona". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-11-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  183. "Celebrations of big shoulder-borne processional structures". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-09-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  184. "Traditional agricultural practice of cultivating the 'vite ad alberello' (head-trained bush vines) of the community of Pantelleria". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  185. "The Maroon Heritage of Moore Town". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  186. "Nôgaku Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  187. "Ningyo Johruri Bunraku Puppet Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  188. "Kabuki Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  189. "Akiu no Taue Odori". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  190. "Chakkirako". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  191. "Daimokutate". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  192. "Dainichido Bugaku". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  193. "Gagaku". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  194. "Hayachine Kagura". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  195. "Hitachi Furyumono". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  196. "Koshikijima no Toshidon". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  197. "Ojiya-chijimi, Echigo-jofu". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  198. "Oku-noto no Aenokoto". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  199. "Traditional Ainu dance". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  200. "Yamahoko, the float ceremony of the Kyoto Gion festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  201. "Kumiodori". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  202. "Yuki-tsumugi". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-05-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  203. "Mibu no Hana Taue". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-02-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  204. "Sada Shin Noh". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-02-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  205. "Nachi no Dengaku". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-04-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  206. "Washoku". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-08.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  207. Until 2014, there was an item titled "Sekishu-Banshi: papermaking in the Iwami region of Shimane Prefecture." It was merged with the current item due to the expansion of the range of elements.
  208. "Washi, craftsmanship of traditional Japanese hand-made paper". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-12-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  209. "The Cultural Space of the Bedu in Petra and Wadi Rum". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-06-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  210. "The Art of Akyns, Kyrgyz Epic Tellers". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  211. "Cross-crafting and its Symbolism". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  212. "Sutartinės, Lithuanian multipart songs". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  213. "Hopping procession of Echternach". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-07-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  214. "The Woodcrafting Knowledge of the Zafimaniry". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  215. 215.0 215.1 "The Vimbuza Healing Dance". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved March 2014. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  216. "The Gule Wamkulu". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  217. "Mak Yong Theatre". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  218. "The Cultural Space of the Yaaral and Degal". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  219. "The Indigenous Festivity dedicated to the Dead". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  220. "Places of memory and living traditions of the Otomí-Chichimecas people of Tolimán: the Peña de Bernal, guardian of a sacred territory". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  221. "Ritual ceremony of the Voladores: Papantla, El Tajín". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  222. "UNESCO declares Mexican Cuisine Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  223. "Traditional Mexican cuisine – ancestral, ongoing community culture, the Michoacán paradigm". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  224. "Parachicos in the traditional January feast of Chiapa de Corzo". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  225. "Pirekua, traditional song of the P'urhépecha". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  226. "Mariachi, string music, song and trumpet". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-03-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  227. 227.0 227.1 Mongolian Intangible Cultural Heritage - UNSECO
  228. "The Traditional Music of the Morin Khuur". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  229. 229.0 229.1 "Naadam, Mongolian traditional festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-02-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  230. UNESCO has inscribed falconry as a shared intangible heritage element of eleven countries, including Mongolia
  231. unesco.org
  232. "Urtiin Duu – Traditional Folk Long Song". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  233. "The Cultural Space of Jemaa el-Fna Square". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  234. 234.0 234.1 "The Moussem of Tan-Tan". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  235. 235.0 235.1 "The Chopi Timbila". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  236. 236.0 236.1 "El Güegüense". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  237. "The Ifa Divination System". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  238. "The Palestinian Hikaye". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  239. "Taquile and its Textile Art". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  240. "Huaconada, ritual dance of Mito". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-11-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  241. "The scissors dance". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-11-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  242. "Pilgrimage to the sanctuary of the Lord of Qoyllurit'i". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-07-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  243. "candelaria". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-11-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  244. "The Hudhud Chants of the Ifugao". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  245. "The Darangen Epic of the Maranao People of Lake Lanao". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  246. "Fado, urban popular song of Portugal". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2011-11-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  247. "Cante Alentejano, polyphonic singing from Alentejo, southern Portugal". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-11-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  248. "The Royal Ancestral Ritual in the Jongmyo Shrine and its Music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  249. "The Pansori Epic Chant". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  250. "The Gangneung Danoje Festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  251. "Cheoyongmu". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  252. "Ganggangsullae". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  253. "Jeju Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  254. "Namsadang Nori". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  255. "Yeongsanjae". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  256. "Daemokjang, traditional wooden architecture". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  257. "Gagok, lyric song cycles accompanied by an orchestra". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  258. "Jultagi, tightrope walking". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  259. "Taekkyeon, a traditional Korean martial art". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  260. "Weaving of Mosi (fine ramie) in the Hansan region". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-04-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  261. "UNESCO Puts 'Arirang' on Intangible Heritage List". Chosun Ilbo. 6 December 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  262. "Kimchi-Making Culture Joins UNESCO Intangible Heritage List". Chosun Ilbo. 2013-12-06. Retrieved 2013-12-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  263. "Nongak, community band music, dance and rituals in the Republic of Korea". UNESCO Culture Sector. November 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  264. "The Căluş tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  265. "Lad's dances in Romania". UNESCO.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  266. Patricia Marinescu (3 December 2015). "Dansul românesc "Feciorescul de Ticuş", în lista patrimoniului cultural imaterial UNESCO". Mediafax.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  267. "The Cultural Space and Oral Culture of the Semeiskie". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  268. "The Olonkho, Yakut Heroic Epos". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  269. "Slava, celebration of family saint patron's day".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  270. "The Fujara and its Music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  271. "The Mystery Play of Elche". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  272. "The Patum of Berga". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  273. "Festivity of 'la Mare de Déu de la Salut' of Algemesí". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2012-02-29.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  274. "The Lakalaka, Dances and Sung Speeches of Tonga". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  275. "The Arts of the Meddah, Public Storytellers". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  276. "Mevlevi Sema Ceremony". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  277. "Karagöz and Hacivat". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  278. "Âşıklık (minstrelsy) tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  279. "Nowruz, Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  280. "Traditional Sohbet meetings". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  281. "Kırkpınar oil wrestling festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  282. "Semah, Alevi-Bektaşi ritual". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  283. "Ceremonial Keşkek tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  284. "Mesir Macunu festival". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  285. "Turkish coffee culture and tradition". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-12-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  286. "Ebru, Turkish art of marbling". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-12-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  287. "Barkcloth Making in Uganda". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  288. "Petrykivka decorative painting as a phenomenon of the Ukrainian ornamental folk art". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2014-12-30.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  289. "The Cultural Space of the Boysun District". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  290. "Shashmaqom Music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  291. "Vanuatu Sand Drawings". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  292. "Venezuela's Dancing Devils of Corpus Christi". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2013-08-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  293. "Nha Nhac, Vietnamese court music". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-09-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  294. "Space of Gong culture". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-09-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  295. "Quan Họ Bắc Ninh folk songs". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-09-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  296. "Gióng festival of Phù Ðông and Sóc temples". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2015-09-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  297. "Worship of Hùng kings in Phú Thọm". Retrieved 2015-09-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  298. "Art of Đờn ca tài tử music and song in southern Viet Nam". Retrieved 2015-09-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  299. "Ví and Giặm folk songs of Nghệ Tĩnh". Retrieved 2015-09-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  300. "The Song of Sana'a". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  301. "The Makishi Masquerade". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  302. "The Mbende Jerusarema Dance". UNESCO Culture Sector. Retrieved 2009-09-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  303. "Chovqan, a traditional Karabakh horse-riding game in the Republic of Azerbaijan - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  304. "Rite of the Kalyady Tsars (Christmas Tsars) - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  305. "Earthenware pottery-making skills in Botswana's Kgatleng District - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  306. "Yaokwa, the Enawene Nawe people's ritual for the maintenance of social and cosmic order - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  307. "Traditional design and practices for building Chinese wooden arch bridges - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  308. "Traditional Li textile techniques: spinning, dyeing, weaving and embroidering - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  309. "Qiang New Year festival - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  310. "Meshrep - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  311. "Watertight-bulkhead technology of Chinese junks - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  312. "Wooden movable-type printing of China - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  313. "Hezhen Yimakan storytelling - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  314. "Traditional Vallenato music of the Greater Magdalena region - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  315. "Ojkanje singing - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  316. "Glasoechko, male two-part singing in Dolni Polog - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  317. "Cantu in paghjella, a secular and liturgical oral tradition of Corsica - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  318. "Nan Pa'ch ceremony - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  319. "Saman dance - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  320. "Noken multifunctional knotted or woven bag, handcraft of the people of Papua - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  321. "Naqqāli, Iranian dramatic story-telling - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  322. "Traditional skills of building and sailing Iranian Lenj boats in the Persian Gulf - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  323. "Traditions and practices associated with the Kayas in the sacred forests of the Mijikenda - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  324. "Isukuti dance of Isukha and Idakho communities of Western Kenya - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  325. "Ala-kiyiz and Shyrdak, art of Kyrgyz traditional felt carpets - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  326. "Suiti cultural space - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  327. "Sanké mon, collective fishing rite of the Sanké - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  328. "Secret society of the Kôrêdugaw, the rite of wisdom in Mali - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  329. "Moorish epic T'heydinn - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  330. "Mongol Biyelgee, Mongolian traditional folk dance - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  331. "Mongol Tuuli, Mongolian epic - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  332. "Folk long song performance technique of Limbe performances - circular breathing - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  333. "Mongolian calligraphy - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  334. "Coaxing ritual for camels - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  335. "Eshuva, Harákmbut sung prayers of Peru's Huachipaire people - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  336. "Manufacture of cowbells - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  337. "Bigwala, gourd trumpet music and dance of the Busoga Kingdom in Uganda - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  338. "Empaako tradition of the Batooro, Banyoro, Batuku, Batagwenda and Banyabindi of western Uganda - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  339. "Male-child cleansing ceremony of the Lango of central northern Uganda - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  340. "Koogere oral tradition of the Basongora, Banyabindi and Batooro peoples - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  341. "Al Sadu, traditional weaving skills in the United Arab Emirates - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  342. "Mapoyo oral tradition and its symbolic reference points within their ancestral territory - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  343. "Ca trù singing - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  344. "Xoan singing of Phú Thọ Province, Viet Nam - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  345. "Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage". Retrieved 2009-09-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
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  348. "Proclamation of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity (2001-2005) - intangible heritage - Culture Sector - UNESCO". unesco.org. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

fr:Liste représentative du patrimoine culturel immatériel de l'humanité