USS Arizona salvaged artifacts

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Arizona (BB39) Port Bow, Underway - NARA - 5900075 - 1930.jpg
USS Arizona, 1920s
History
Name: Arizona
Namesake: Arizona
Ordered: 4 March 1913
Builder: Brooklyn Navy Yard
Laid down: 16 March 1914
Launched: 19 June 1915
Commissioned: 17 October 1916
Decommissioned: 29 December 1941
Struck: 1 December 1942
Identification: Hull number: BB-39
Fate: Sunk in Attack on Pearl Harbor, 7 December 1941
The USS Arizona (BB-39) burning after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor - NARA 195617 - Edit.jpg
The USS Arizona exploded and was sunk during the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

Some of the USS Arizona salvaged artifacts are on display in various cities of Arizona. The term "salvaged artifacts" referrers to the process of recovering a ship, its cargo, or other property after a shipwreck.[1] This is a list, which includes images, of those artifacts. Various rusted metal pieces from a portion of the potato locker in the ship's galley were used in the making of the Glendale Veteran’s Memorial in the city of Glendale (not to be confused with Glendale, California). Various artifacts are on display in the Arizona State Capitol Museum, the Carl T.Hayden Veterans Administration Medical Center and in the Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza, all of which are located in Phoenix. Finally, one of two salvaged bells of the USS Arizona is on display in the University of Arizona Student Union Memorial Center in Tucson.

USS Arizona

The USS Arizona was a Pennsylvania-class battleship named after Arizona, the 48th State. She was built in the Brooklyn Navy Yard, laid down on March 16, 1914; launched on June 19, 1915 and commissioned on October 17, 1916. In April 1940, she and the rest of the United States Pacific Fleet were transferred from California to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

On December 7, 1941, the USS Arizona was among the ships stationed in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii that were attacked by the Japanese Empire’s Air Forces. The USS Arizona was hit and exploded. She sank taking with her the lives of 1,177 crewmen and officers.[2]

The wreck still lies at the bottom of Pearl Harbor. Legislation passed during the administrations of Presidents Dwight D Eisenhower and John F Kennedy designated the remains a national shrine and the USS Arizona Memorial, dedicated on 30 May 1962 to all those who died during the attack, straddles the ship's hull."[3][4]

Salvaged Artifacts

Arizona State Capitol Museum

The first floor of the Arizona State Capitol Museum is home to a 500-pound superstructure piece of the USS Arizona, the U.S. flag that flew on the USS Arizona when it sank and various pieces of silver service (silverware).[5][6] The Arizona State Capitol Museum is located at 1700 West Washington Street Phoenix.

Artifact[7] Image Location Summary
1 USS Arizona Superstructure Phoenix-Arizona State Capital-1901-Piece of the USS Arizona hull.JPG The Arizona State Capitol Museum is located at 1700 West Washington Street, Phoenix. Ship superstructure which was salvaged and is on display at the Arizona State Capitol Museum.
1 USS Arizona Flag Phoenix-Arizona State Capital-1901-US Arizona Flag.JPG The Arizona State Capitol Museum in Phoenix. The U.S. flag that flew on the battleship when it sank.
1 USS Arizona Silver Service Phoenix-Arizona State Capital-1901-USS Arizona Silverware-2.JPG The Arizona State Capitol Museum in Phoenix. The silver service (silverware) that was donated to the USS Arizona by the citizens of Arizona in 1919. This service is composed of 59 distinct pieces and is on display at the Capitol Museum.
1 USS Arizona Silver Service Phoenix-Arizona State Capital-1901-USS Arizona Silverware-1.JPG The Arizona State Capitol Museum in Phoenix. Additional silver service (silverware) on display.

Carl T. Hayden VA Medical Center

A small piece of the ship's superstructure is on display in the 2nd floor of the Carl T. Hayden VA (Veterans Administration) Hospital located at 650 E. Indian School Road in Phoenix. There is a plaque which reads as follows:

USS Arizona December 7, 1941
A Piece Of History
A Volume Of Memories
A Grateful Nation
Dedicated December 7, 1998

Artifact[7] Image Location Summary
1 USS Arizona Ship Superstructure. Phoenix-USS Arizoan Artifact-Carl T. Hayden VA Hospital.JPG The Carl T. Hayden VA Hospital at 650 E. Indian School Road, Phoenix, Arizona. The display is in the 2nd floor of the hospital.

Glendale Veteran’s Memorial

The Glendale Veteran’s Memorial, also known as the Glendale USS Arizona Memorial, is located at 5959 West Brown Street in Glendale, Arizona. The City of Glendale acquired historical artifacts that were salvaged from the USS Arizona and the USS Arizona Memorial in Pearl Harbor. The rusted metal pieces are from a portion of the potato locker in the ship's galley. The steel rings were cut from the USS Arizona Memorial flagpole.[8]

Artifact[7] Image Location Summary
1 Monument made from the USS Arizona potato locker. Glendale-Glendale Veteran’s Memorial-1.JPG The Glendale Veteran’s Memorial is located at 5959 West Brown Street in Glendale, Arizona. The rusted metal pieces are from a portion of the potato locker in the ship's galley. The steel rings were cut from the USS Arizona Memorial flagpole.
1 Monument made from the USS Arizona potato locker. Glendale-Glendale Veteran’s Memorial-2.JPG The Glendale Veteran’s Memorial in Glendale, Arizona. A different view of the rusted metal pieces from a portion of the potato locker in the ship's galley.

University of Arizona Student Union Memorial Center

The University of Arizona Student Union Memorial Center houses one of the original bells used in the USS Arizona. The 1,820-pound bell is one of two salvaged from the USS Arizona and is housed in the “bell tower”. The bell is rung after every home football victory.[9] The other bell is on display in the U.S.S. Arizona Memorial in Pearl Harbor.[10] The University of Arizona Student Union Memorial Center is located at 1303 E University Blvd in Tucson.

Artifact[7] Image Location Summary
1 USS Arizona Bell. Tucson-USS Arizona Bell.JPG The University of Arizona Student Union Memorial Center at 1303 E University Blvd in Tucson, Arizona. The bell is one of two salvaged from the USS Arizona .

Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza

Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza is the home of the mast, anchor and the restored gun barrel of the USS Arizona.[11][12] The plaza is located at 1700 West Washington Street, Phoenix.

The U.S.S. Arizona Signal Mast Committee purchased the upper 26 feet of the USS Arizona Signal Mast or “pig-stick” and transported it to Arizona and erected in Wesley Bolin Plaza. It was dedicated and donated to the state of Arizona on December 7, 1990. The 16,000 pound anchor was salvaged from the Arizona after she was sunk by the Japanese in Pearl Harbor. The restored gun barrel is one of two gun barrels on display. The USS Arizona gun barrel measures 55 feet and weighs 70 tons. It was officially placed on display at the plaza on December 7, 2013. The other restored gun barrel belonged to the USS Missouri.[13]

Artifact[7] Image Location Summary
1 USS Arizona Signal Mast P-Signal Mast of the USS Arizona 1.jpg Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza at 1700 West Washington Street, Phoenix. The upper 26 foot of the signal mast erected in Wesley Bolin Plaza.
1 USS Arizona Anchor Phoenix-USS Arizona Anchors.jpg Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza in Phoenix. The restored 16,000 pound anchor.
1 USS Arizona Gun Barrel Phoenix-USS Arizona restored gun barrel-2.JPG Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza in Phoenix. The restored gun barrel from the USS Arizona.
1 Breech of the USS Arizona Gun Barrel Phoenix-USS Arizona restored gun barrel-3.JPG Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza in Phoenix. The breech of the restored gun barrel.

See also

References

  1. Bartholomew, Charles, et al."U.S. Navy Salvage Engineer's Handbook". Naval Sea Systems Command, 2008
  2. "Remembering Pearl Harbor: The USS Arizona Memorial". U.S. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 15 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-09. 
  3. Horst Bendzulla. "The Tears of the Arizona". Artist's website. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  4. Christine Hansen (September–October 2007). "Little Big Store". Hana Hou! Vol. 10, No. 4. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  5. Did you know-USS Arizona?
  6. Arizona Republic
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Staff (2008-04-24). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  8. The Glendale Daily Planet
  9. "U.S.S. Arizona Bell". University of Arizona. Retrieved 16 July 2011. 
  10. Pacific Historic Parks
  11. "100,000 are expected for pro-migrant march". The Arizona Republic. 
  12. "Immigration march cost Phoenix over $300,000". The Arizona Republic. 
  13. Phoenix, Arizona: USS Arizona Anchor and Mast