USS Winston S. Churchill
USS Winston S. Churchill (DDG-81)
|Name:||USS Winston S. Churchill|
|Namesake:||Sir Winston S. Churchill, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|
|Ordered:||6 January 1995|
|Builder:||Bath Iron Works|
|Laid down:||7 May 1998|
|Launched:||17 April 1999|
|Commissioned:||10 March 2001|
|Status:||in active service, as of 2018[update]|
|Badge:||DDG-81 USS Winston Churchill Coat Of Arms|
|Class & type:||Arleigh Burke-class destroyer|
|Displacement:||9,200 tons (9,350 t)|
|Length:||509.5 ft (155.3 m)|
|Beam:||66 ft (20 m)|
|Draft:||31 ft (9.4 m)|
|Propulsion:||4 × General Electric LM2500-30 gas turbines, 2 shafts, 100,000 shp (75 MW)|
|Complement:||32 officers, 348 enlisted|
|Aircraft carried:||2 × SH-60 Sea Hawk helicopters|
USS Winston S. Churchill (DDG-81) is a $1 billion Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyer of the United States Navy. She is the 31st destroyer of an originally planned 62-ship class. Churchill is named after British Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill. Her home port is in Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia. She is a component of Carrier Strike Group Twelve.
The ship is fitted with the Mark 45 Mod 4 naval gun system. The guns' longer barrels allows more complete combustion of the propellant, reducing barrel flare and improving projectile velocity and firepower against ship and shore targets; additionally, the Mk 45 mod 4 uses a modified gun-house, designed to reduce its radar signature. Churchill is armed with Tomahawk, Standard and ASROC (VLA) missiles.
The vessel additionally contains two hangars, not present in earlier destroyers; these can house Light Airborne Multi-Purpose System (LAMPS) Sikorsky SH-60B or MH-60R Seahawk helicopters. These LAMPS can be fitted with air-to-surface missiles for surface ship attacks, and torpedoes for submarine attacks.
The ship is also fitted with the AN/SPY-1D phased array radar - this represents a significant advancement in the detection capabilities of the Aegis weapon system and provides enhanced resistance to electronic countermeasures. The radar can guide more than one hundred missiles at once to targets as far as 600 nautical miles (1,100 km; 690 mi).
On 29 November 1995, on a visit to the United Kingdom, President Bill Clinton announced to both Houses of Parliament that the new ship would be named after former British Prime Minister and Honorary Citizen of the United States, Sir Winston Churchill. It would make it technically the first warship of the United States Navy to be named after a non-American citizen since 1975, and the first destroyer and only the fourth American warship named after a British citizen.
Other American warships named after Britons were Alfred, an armed merchantman named after King Alfred the Great; Raleigh, a continental frigate, named after Sir Walter Raleigh (though three later USS Raleighs—and two Confederate warships—would be named for the North Carolina city, which did not exist at the time) and Effingham, named after The 3rd Earl of Effingham who resigned his commission rather than fight the Americans during the American Revolutionary War. The former frigate Harold E. Holt was also named after a person from a country in the Commonwealth of Nations, the ill-fated Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt, however, this is the first ship to be named for a modern British hero, and British Prime Minister.
The contract to build Churchill was awarded to the Bath Iron Works Corporation on 6 January 1995, and the keel was laid down on 7 May 1998. Churchill was launched on 17 April 1999, delivered 13 October 2000, and commissioned 10 March 2001. The launch and christening of the ship was co-sponsored by Lady Soames, the daughter of Winston Churchill, and Mrs. Janet Cohen, wife of the Secretary of Defense. Her first commanding officer was Commander (now Rear Admiral) Michael T. Franken.
Churchill is the only U.S. Navy vessel to have a Royal Navy Officer permanently assigned to the ship's company. The U.S. Navy had a permanent U.S. Navy Officer on the Royal Navy ship, HMS Marlborough, until its decommission on 8 July 2005. Churchill is also the only U.S. Naval vessel to fly a foreign ensign. The Royal Navy's White Ensign is flown as well as the Stars and Stripes (as shown in the photograph).
On 14 May 2001, Churchill underwent shock trials off the coast of Florida. These trials subjected the ship to several close-range underwater detonations, each consisting of 7 tons of high explosives, and were performed to collect data concerning ship survivability and damage resistance in a modern threat environment. Churchill sustained minor damage during these three tests. On 14 September 2001, (three days after the 11 September 2001 attacks), the German Navy destroyer Lütjens passed close abeam Churchill and rendered honors by manning the rails, flying the Stars and Stripes at half-mast, and the display of a banner reading "We Stand By You." An e-mail sent by an ensign on board Churchill described the occasion.
In January 2003, Churchill deployed with the USS Theodore Roosevelt battle group in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom, firing several Tomahawk missiles. Churchill returned to Norfolk at the end of May 2003.
On 22 August 2005, Churchill was involved in a minor collision with the destroyer USS McFaul off the coast of Jacksonville, Florida. Both ships suffered minor damage, and no injuries were reported. Both ships returned to their homeport at Naval Station Norfolk under their own power.
On 22 January 2006 Churchill captured a suspected pirate vessel in the Indian Ocean as part of an ongoing effort to help maintain law and order in the region.
On 26 September 2010, Churchill came across a disabled skiff in the Gulf of Aden. After attempts to repair the skiff's engines failed Churchill took the vessel under tow towards Somalia. On 27 September the skiff sank when the 85 passengers rushed to one side of the skiff during a food delivery causing the vessel to capsize. Churchill was able to rescue 61 of the passengers and continued towards Somalia on 28 September.
USS Winston S. Churchill returns to Naval Station Norfolk following a collision with USS McFaul
Emergency breakaway maneuver by USS Winston S. Churchill (DDG 81).jpg
USS Winston S. Churchill performing a breakaway manoeuver with HMS Manchester
USS Winston S. Churchill (DDG-81) high speed run.jpg
13 September 2001 – USS Winston S. Churchill makes a high-speed run in the English Channel
USS Winston S. Churchill.jpg
The guided missile destroyer USS Winston S. Churchill, assigned to the U.S. 5th Fleet, patrols the Persian Gulf
USS Churchill propeller cropped.jpg
The shaft driver propeller under the port side stern
Lütjens: "We Stand By You". 14 September 2001
DDG-81 Shock Trial.jpg
Churchill undergoes shock trials off the Florida coast.
- Kennedy, Harold (April 2001). "USS Churchill Shows Off High-Tech Gear". National Defense Magazine. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Vice Admiral Michael T. Franken, Deputy Commander for Military Operations U.S. Africa Command". US Navy. Retrieved 2 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Kennedy, Harold (April 2001). "USS Churchill Shows Off High-Tech Gear". National Defense. NDIA. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 15 April 2007.
She also is the only U.S. Navy ship to have a British Royal Navy officer permanently assigned as a member of the ship’s company. Lieutenant Angus Essenhigh, RN, of Portsmouth, England, is serving as ship’s navigator during his two-year tour of duty.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "DDG 81 Winston Churchill". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- United States Navy (2001). "This is an e-mail from an Ensign stationed aboard the ship during the UK deployment". Archived from the original on 29 December 2005. Retrieved 15 March 2006.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Suspected Pirates Captured Off Somali Coast" (Press release). Headquarters, United States Central Command. 22 January 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2006.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Mười ba thuyền nhân Phi Châu chết đuối (Vietnamese)
- "Tragic end to US rescue bid off Somali coast". BBC News. 28 September 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- International Festival of the Sea Official Souvenir Programme ( 24–27 August 2001)
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