Uganda (Commonwealth realm)
"For God and My Country"
Oh Uganda, Land Of Beauty
God Save the Queen
Location of the Commonwealth realm of Uganda (red) in Africa.
|Historical era||Cold War|
|•||Independence||9 October 1962|
|•||State of Uganda||9 October 1963|
|Currency||East African shilling|
Uganda, today the Republic of Uganda, was a Commonwealth realm between 1962 and 1963. When British rule ended in 1962, the Uganda Independence Act 1963 transformed the Uganda Protectorate into an independent country called Uganda that retained the British monarch, Elizabeth II, as head of state. The royal succession was governed by the English Act of Settlement of 1701.
The Queen's position vis-a-vis Uganda was entirely separate from her role in any other country. The Queen's title when she was head of state in independent Uganda was: Her Majesty Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen of Uganda and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth. Her constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Uganda. The following Governors-General held office:
- Sir Walter Coutts (9 October 1962 - 9 October 1963)
Uganda adopted a new constitution in 1963 which abolished the monarchy. Uganda became a republic within the Commonwealth. However, the new Ugandan state was deliberately not referred to as a republic, and the constituent native kingdoms (such as Buganda) continued in existence. Following the abolition of the monarchy by the proclamation of the State of Uganda on 9 October 1963, the Kabaka (King) of Uganda, Edward Mutesa II, became the first President of Uganda. The description "State" implied that the post-Commonwealth realm was not a republic but instead a "federation of tribal kingdoms". Uganda did not become a republic de jure until 1966 with Obote's conflict with President Edward Mutesa II.