Uilleag de Burgh

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Sir Ulick de Burgh or Burke 1st Clanricarde, died 1343.

Family background

Burke is generally accepted to have been the son of Richard an Fhorbhair mac William de Burgh, who was himself a grandson of Richard Óge de Burgh, an illegitimate son of William de Burgh, the founder of the family. According to A New History of Ireland (p. 170, volume IX), "The origins of the Clanricard line are not sbsolutly proven, but the descent given" (see Family Tree, below) "is that in the best Irish genealogical sources and is not contradicted by contemporary sources."

He possessed an unusual nickname — Bod-an-Balcuigh, which translated to "Penis of Power".

The First Clanricarde

Upon the death of William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster, a Burke Civil War broke out. The Earl's heir-general, his infant daughter, Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster, had been taken to England on her father's death and lost control over her lands. Warfare broke out among the Gaelic-Irish tenants of the late Earl - many of whom expelled the Anglo-Irish - and among the three principal members of the de Burgh family:

By 1340, the family had divided into three separate, independent lordships:

He was succeeded upon his death in 1343 by his son, Richard Og Burke.

Family tree

  Walter de Burgh
  |                                           |
  |                                           |
 William de Burgh, died 1205.    Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent, d. 1243. 
  |                                        (issue; John and Hubert)
  |                                                         |                                             |
  |                                                         |                                             |    
 Richard Mór de Burgh, 1st Baron of Connaught  Hubert de Burgh, Bishop of Limerick, d. 1250.   Richard Óge de Burgh
  |                                                                                                       |
  |                                           ____________________________________________________________|
 de Burgh Earl of Ulster,                     |                  |               |
 Burke of Castleconnell, County Limerick      |                  |               |
 Mac William Iochtar Bourke of County Mayo.  Hubert           William            Richard                                  
                                              |                  |               |
                                              |                  |               |_________________               
                                     Clan Mac Hubert?   Richard an Fhorbhair     |                |
                                                                 |               |                |
  _______________________________________________________________|               Sir David Donn  Sir William Ruad
  |                                           |         |                            |                    d.1327.
  |                                           |         |                   Clan Mac David
  Ulick Burke of Annaghkeen, d. 1343.     Raymond  Walter Óge
  |                                  |
  |                                  |  
  Richard Óg Burke, d. 1387.     Edmund, d. 1410
  |                                                  |
  |                                                  |
  Ulick an Fhiona Burke, d. 1423.   William mac Ulick Burke, d. 1430.
  |                                                  |        
  |                                                  |
  Ulick Ruadh Burke, d. 1485.             Ricard, d. 1466.
  Burke of Clanricarde

References (family tree)

  • A New History of Ireland, volume IX, Oxford, 1984;
    • Earls of Ulster and Lords of Connacht, 1205-1460 (De Burgh, De Lacy and Mortimer), p. 170;
    • Mac William Burkes: Mac William Iochtar (de Burgh), Lords of Lower Connacht and Viscounts of Mayo, 1332-1649, p. 171;
    • Burke of Clanricard: Mac William Uachtar (de Burgh), Lords of Upper Connacht and Earls of Clanricard, 1332-1722.


Preceded by
New creation
Succeeded by
Richard Og Burke