Union of Democrats and Independents

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Union of Democrats and Independents
Union des Démocrates et Indépendants
President Jean-Christophe Lagarde
General Secretary Brigitte Fouré,
Michel Zumkeller
Spokespersons Chantal Jouanno,
Jean-Marie Bockel
Honorary President Jean-Louis Borloo
Founded September 18, 2012; 9 years ago (2012-09-18)
Headquarters 22 bis, rue des Volontaires, Paris
Ideology Centrism
Liberalism
Christian democracy
European federalism
Political position Centre to Centre-right[1]
European affiliation European Democratic Party
International affiliation None
European Parliament group Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Colours Light blue
National Assembly
30 / 577
Senate
43 / 348
European Parliament
3 / 74
Regional Councils
120 / 1,880
Website
www.parti-udi.fr
Politics of France
Political parties
Elections

The Union of Democrats and Independents (French: Union des démocrates et indépendants, UDI) is a centrist political party in France founded on 18 September 2012 on the basis of the parliamentary group of the same name. The party is composed of eight separate political parties who retain their independence. The former UDI's president and leader Jean-Louis Borloo claims to have 50,000 members.[2] The current president is Jean-Christophe Lagarde, elected at the congress of the party on 15 November 2014, after the resignation of Jean-Louis Borloo on 6 April 2014 for health reasons.[3]

History

On 9 October 2012, the leaderships of the parties making up the UDI parliamentary group announced the creation of a new political party and set up a temporary office in Paris. On 21 October, a founding assembly was convened at the Maison de la Mutualité in Paris, which marked the official foundation of the movement.[4]

Following the congress of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) on 18 November 2012 and the ensuing tensions between the two rival candidates for the party's presidency, a number of leading figures of the UMP announced that they were joining the UDI; including former cabinet minister and deputy Pierre Méhaignerie and Mayenne deputy Yannick Favennec. However, during a legislative by-election on December 9 and 16, 2012 in the Val-de-Marne's 1st constituency, UDI incumbent Henri Plagnol - a former member of the UMP who had joined the UDI in June - was defeated by a right-wing dissident, Sylvain Berrios.[5]

On 9 June 2013, the UDI gained a deputy (Meyer Habib) at the by-election in the Eighth constituency for French residents overseas,[6] but this contribution was found cancelled with Gilles Bourdouleix's resignation from UDI after the controversy for allegedly saying Adolf Hitler had not killed enough Romani people.[7]

Organization

Composition

The UDI is made up of nine political parties:

Leadership

Temporary structure

Pending the founding congress, a temporary leadership structure ensures the drafting of the party's statutes.[11][12]

Current leadership

Election results

French Parliament

National Assembly
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2017 unknown (#?)
0 / 577
unknown

European Parliament

European Parliament
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2014 1,884,565 (#4) 9.94
7 / 74
François Bayrou

References

External links