United Kingdom general election, 1895

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United Kingdom general election, 1895
United Kingdom
← 1892 13 July – 7 August 1895 1900 →

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg RoseberyMillais.png 150x150px
Leader Lord Salisbury Lord Rosebery Justin McCarthy
Party Conservative and Liberal Unionist Liberal Irish Parliamentary
Leader since April 1881 5 March 1894 6 December 1891
Leader's seat Marquess of Salisbury Earl of Rosebery North Longford
Last election 313 seats, 47.0% 272 seats, 45.4% 81 seats, 7.0%
Seats won 411 177 82
Seat change Increase 98 Decrease 95 Increase 1
Popular vote 1,894,772 1,765,266 149,530
Percentage 49.0% 45.7% 4.0%
Swing Increase 2.0% Increase 0.3% Decrease 3.0%

PM before election

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

Subsequent PM

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

The United Kingdom general election of 1895 was held from 13 July – 7 August 1895. It was won by the Conservatives led by Lord Salisbury who formed an alliance with the Liberal Unionist Party and had a large majority over the Liberals, led by Lord Rosebery. The Irish Parliamentary Party was split at this time, the majority of its MPs (the "Anti-Parnellites") following John Dillon whilst a rump (the "Parnellites") followed John Redmond.

Results

UK General Election 1895
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Conservative Lord Salisbury 477 340 1,536,100
  Liberal Unionist Joseph Chamberlain 111 71 358,672
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist Lord Salisbury 588 411 + 98 61.3 49.0 1,894,772 +2.0
  Liberal Lord Roseberry 447 177 - 95 26.4 45.7 1,765,266 +0.3
  Irish Parliamentary Justin McCarthy 105 82 1 0 + 1 12.2 4.0 152,959 -3.0
  Ind. Labour Party Keir Hardie 28 0 0 0 0 1.0 44,325
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 4 0 0 0 0 0.1 3,730
  Independent Lib-Lab N/A 2 0 0 0 0 0.1 2,677
  Independent Liberal N/A 3 0 0 1 - 1 0.1 1,893
  Independent Labour N/A 1 0 0 0 - 3 0.0 608
  Independent N/A 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 52

Total votes cast: 3,866,282. All parties shown.

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
49.01%
Liberal
  
45.66%
Irish Parliamentary
  
3.87%
Independent Labour
  
1.15%
Independent
  
0.22%
Others
  
0.1%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
61.34%
Liberal
  
26.42%
Irish Parliamentary
  
12.24%

See also

Further reading

  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918 (Macmillan, 1974)
  • Readman, Paul A. "The 1895 general election and political change in late Victorian Britain." Historical Journal 42#2 (1999): 467-493. in JSTOR
  • Roberts, Andrew. Salisbury: Victorian Titan (1999) pp 596-604

External links

External links

For an alternative view of the count where each vote in a two-member seat is counted as half a vote (because each elector had two votes) see: