United Nations Security Council Resolution 825

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UN Security Council
Resolution 825
North Korea nuclear.svg
North Korea and nuclear weapons
Date 11 May 1993
Meeting no. 3,212
Code S/RES/825 (Document)
Subject Non-proliferation
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Voting summary
13 voted for
None voted against
2 abstained
Result Adopted
Security Council composition
Permanent members
Non-permanent members

United Nations Security Council resolution 825, adopted on 11 May 1993, called upon the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (the DPRK, or North Korea) to reconsider its decision to withdraw from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and allow weapons inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) into the country, after it had previously refused entry.[1]


On 30 January 1992, North Korea officially signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in a "full scope safeguards agreement" after originally acceding to it in 1985,[2] which allowed inspections to begin in June 1992; however, meetings failed to establish a bilateral inspection regime.[3] The IAEA was not satisfied that North Korea had fully disclosed its plutonium production and requested access to certain facilities.[2] Due to lack of progress in the negotiations, and the DPRK's refusal to allow inspection of two suspected nuclear waste sites, North Korea notified the IAEA on 12 March 1993 concerning its intention to withdraw from the Non-Proliferation Treaty.[3] The Board of Governors at the IAEA later notified the Security Council that North Korea was not in compliance with its obligations under the Joint Agreement between the DPRK and the IAEA.[4]


The resolution passed with 13 votes, none against and two abstentions from the People's Republic of China and Pakistan,[5] which both called for North Korea to return to the NPT.[6] The Security Council noted with concern the intentions of the DPRK and reaffirmed the "crucial contribution which progress in non-proliferation can make to the maintenance of international peace and security" and called on the North Korean government to be committed and honour its obligations under the Treaty.[7] The resolution also required the Director-General of the IAEA to consult with the DPRK to find a solution and report back in due course.[8] At the insistence of the People's Republic of China, which abstained, the resolution did not make reference to any sanctions if North Korea failed to comply with the Security Council.[1]


North Korea accused the IAEA of "liqudating her socialism"[9] and conducted further missile tests on 29–30 May 1993, firing Rodong-1 ballistic missiles into the Sea of Japan. After direct negotiations with the United States, North Korea revoked its earlier decision to withdraw from the NPT in June 1993 and weapons inspections resumed, though not under the full terms of access under the original Joint Agreement.[4] In October 1994, the ongoing negotiations resulted in the Agreed Framework in which the DPRK agreed to the original 1992 IAEA safeguards and to freeze and dismantle its nuclear reactors and other facilities under the supervision of the IAEA in exchange for light water reactors.[10]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "May 1993 – Controversy over nuclear issue". Keesing's Record of World Events. 39, p. 39,463. May 1993.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kapur, S. P. (2007). Dangerous deterrent: nuclear weapons proliferation and conflict in South Asia. Stanford University Press. p. 155. ISBN 978-0-8047-5550-4.
  3. 3.0 3.1 North Korea. U.S. State Department.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Bothe, M., Ronzitti, N. & Rosas, A. (1998). The new Chemical Weapons Convention–implementation and prospects. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 291. ISBN 978-90-411-1099-2.
  5. Republic of Korea in the United Nations – Part II Security Council – 11 May 1993. Permanent Mission of the Republic of Korea to the United Nations.
  6. Lampton, D. (2001). The making of Chinese foreign and security policy in the era of reform, 1978–2000. Stanford University Press. p. 393. ISBN 978-0-8047-4056-2.
  7. Fassbender, Bardo. (1998). UN security council reform and the right of veto: a constitutional perspective. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 212. ISBN 978-90-411-0592-9.
  8. Text of resolution 825.
  9. Yŏnʼguwŏn, M. T. (1998). The Korean journal of national unification. Research Institute for National Unification.
  10. Kapur (2007), p. 156

External links