United States elections, 2016

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2016 United States elections
Presidential election year
Election day November 8, 2016
Presidential election
Electoral vote
Donald Trump (R) 304
Hillary Clinton (D) 227

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Presidential election results map. Red denotes states won by Trump/Pence, blue denotes those won by Clinton/Kaine. The other colors represent seven faithless electors in Texas, Washington, and Hawaii who voted for Colin Powell (3), John Kasich (1), Ron Paul (1), Bernie Sanders (1), or Faith Spotted Eagle (1). Numbers indicate electoral votes allotted to the winner of each state.
Senate elections
Seats contested 34 seats of Class III
Net change Democratic +2, Republican −2 (Republicans retain control)
350px
2016 Senate results
     Democratic hold      Democratic gain
     Republican hold
House elections
Seats contested All 435 voting-members and 6 non-voting delegates
Net change Democratic +6, Republican −6 (Republicans retain control)
US House 2016.svg
Map of the 2016 House races (delegate races not shown)
Democratic-held seats:
  Democratic hold
  Democratic gain

Republican-held seats:
  Republican hold
  Republican gain
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested 14 (12 states, 2 territories)
Net change Republican +2
350px
Map of the 2016 gubernatorial Elections
  Democratic hold
  Democratic gain
  Republican gain
  Republican hold

The 2016 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. During this presidential election year, the President of the United States and Vice President were elected. In addition, elections were held for all 435 voting-member seats in the United States House of Representatives (as well as all 6 non-voting delegate seats) and 34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate to determine the 115th Congress. The Republican Party retained its majorities in the House and Senate. Twelve state governorships, two territorial governorships, and numerous other state and local elections were also contested.

Federal elections

Presidential election

The United States presidential election of 2016 was the 58th quadrennial U.S. presidential election. The current electoral vote distribution was determined by the 2010 census. Presidential electors who will elect the President and Vice President of the United States were chosen; a simple majority (270) of the 538 electoral votes are required to win the election. The incumbent president, Barack Obama (Democrat), was ineligible to be elected to a third term due to term limits established by the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution. Businessman and reality television personality Donald Trump of New York became the Republican Party's presidential nominee on July 19, 2016, after defeating Texas Senator Ted Cruz, Ohio Governor John Kasich, Florida Senator Marco Rubio, and several other candidates in the Republican primary elections.[1] Former Secretary of State and New York Senator Hillary Clinton became the Democratic Party's presidential nominee on July 26, 2016 after defeating Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders and others in the Democratic primary elections. This was the first election with a female presidential nominee from a major political party. It was also the first election since 1944 that had major party presidential nominees from the same home state. Donald Trump defeated Hillary Clinton, 304–227 in electors in the electoral college.[1]

Congressional elections

Senate elections

All seats in Senate Class 3 were up for election. Additionally, special elections may be held to fill vacancies in the other two Senate Classes. Republicans maintained their majority of seats.

House of Representatives elections

All 435 voting seats in the United States House of Representatives were up for election. Additionally, elections were held to select the Delegate for the District of Columbia as well as the delegates from U.S. territories. This includes the Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico, who serves a four-year term. The Republicans maintained their majority of seats.

State elections

Gubernatorial elections

Elections were held for the governorships of 12 U.S. states and two U.S. territories. A special election was held in Oregon after the resignation of John Kitzhaber as Governor.

Legislative elections

In 2016, 44 states held state legislative elections; 86 of the 99 chambers were up for election. Only six states were not holding state legislative elections: Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, and Virginia hold legislative elections in odd-numbered years, while Alabama and Maryland hold their next legislative elections in 2018.[2]

Other elections and ballot measures

Many states also held elections for other elected offices, such as attorney general. Many states held ballot measures.

Local elections

Mayoral elections

Mayoral elections were held in many cities, including:

Table of state, territorial, and federal results

This table shows the partisan results of Congressional, gubernatorial, presidential, and state legislative races held in each state and territory in 2016. Note that not all states and territories hold gubernatorial, state legislative, and United States Senate elections in 2016; additionally, the territories do not have electoral votes in American presidential elections, and neither Washington, D.C. nor the territories elect members of the United States Senate. Washington, D.C. and the five inhabited territories each elect one non-voting member of the United States House of Representatives. Nebraska's unicameral legislature and the governorship and legislature of American Samoa are officially non-partisan. In the table, offices/legislatures that are not up for election in 2016 are already filled in for the "after 2016 elections" section, although vacancies or party switching could potentially lead to a flip in partisan control.

Subdivision and PVI[5] Before 2016 elections[6] After 2016 elections[7]
Subdivision PVI Governor State leg. US Senate US House Pres. Governor State leg. US Senate US House
Alabama R+14 Rep Rep Rep Rep 6-1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 6-1
Alaska R+12 Ind Rep Rep Rep 1-0 Rep Ind Rep Rep Rep 1-0
Arizona R+7 Rep Rep Rep Rep 5-4 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 5-4
Arkansas R+14 Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0
California D+9 Dem Dem Dem Dem 39-14 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 39-14
Colorado D+1 Dem Split Split Rep 4-3 Dem Dem Split Split Rep 4-3
Connecticut D+7 Dem Dem Dem Dem 5-0 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 5-0
Delaware D+8 Dem Dem Dem Dem 1-0 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 1-0
Florida R+2 Rep Rep Split Rep 17-10 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 16-11
Georgia R+6 Rep Rep Rep Rep 10-4 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 10-4
Hawaii D+20 Dem Dem Dem Dem 2-0 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 2-0
Idaho R+18 Rep Rep Rep Rep 2-0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 2-0
Illinois D+8 Rep Dem Split Dem 10-8 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 11-7
Indiana R+5 Rep Rep Split Rep 7-2 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 7-2
Iowa D+1 Rep Split Rep Rep 3-1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 3-1
Kansas R+12 Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0
Kentucky R+13 Rep Split Rep Rep 5-1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 5-1
Louisiana R+12 Dem Rep Rep Rep 5-1 Rep Dem Rep Rep Rep 5-1
Maine D+5 Rep Split Split R/I[8] Split 1-1 Dem Rep Split Split R/I[8] Split 1-1
Maryland D+10 Rep Dem Dem Dem 7-1 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 7-1
Massachusetts D+10 Rep Dem Dem Dem 9-0 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 9-0
Michigan D+4 Rep Rep Dem Rep 9-5 Rep Rep Rep Dem Rep 9-5
Minnesota D+2 Dem Split Dem Dem 5-3 Dem Dem Rep Dem Dem 5-3
Mississippi R+9 Rep Rep Rep Rep 3-1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 3-1
Missouri R+5 Dem Rep Split Rep 6-2 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 6-2
Montana R+7 Dem Rep Split Rep 1-0 Rep Dem Rep Split Rep 1-0
Nebraska R+12 Rep NP Rep Rep 2-1 Rep Rep NP Rep Rep 3-0
Nevada D+2 Rep Rep Split Rep 3-1 Dem Rep Dem Split Dem 3-1
New Hampshire D+1 Dem Rep Split Split 1-1 Dem Rep Rep Dem Dem 2-0
New Jersey D+6 Rep Dem Dem Split 6-6 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 7-5
New Mexico D+4 Rep Split Dem Dem 2-1 Dem Rep Dem Dem Dem 2-1
New York D+11 Dem Split[9] Dem Dem 18-9 Dem Dem Split Dem Dem 18-9
North Carolina R+3 Rep Rep Rep Rep 10-3 Rep Dem Rep Rep Rep 10-3
North Dakota R+10 Rep Rep Split Rep 1-0 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 1-0
Ohio R+1 Rep Rep Split Rep 12-4 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 12-4
Oklahoma R+19 Rep Rep Rep Rep 5-0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 5-0
Oregon D+5 Dem Dem Dem Dem 4-1 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 4-1
Pennsylvania D+1 Dem Rep Split Rep 13-5 Rep Dem Rep Split Rep 13-5
Rhode Island D+11 Dem Dem Dem Dem 2-0 Dem Dem Dem Dem Dem 2-0
South Carolina R+8 Rep Rep Rep Rep 6-1 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 6-1
South Dakota R+10 Rep Rep Rep Rep 1-0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 1-0
Tennessee R+12 Rep Rep Rep Rep 7-2 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 7-2
Texas R+10 Rep Rep Rep Rep 25-11 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 25-11
Utah R+22 Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 4-0
Vermont D+16 Dem Dem Split D/I[10] Dem 1-0 Dem Rep Dem Split D/I[10] Dem 1-0
Virginia Even Dem Rep Dem Rep 8-3 Dem Dem Rep Dem Rep 7-4
Washington D+5 Dem Split[9] Dem Dem 6-4 Dem Dem Split Dem Dem 6-4
West Virginia R+13 Dem Rep Split Rep 3-0 Rep Dem Rep Split Rep 3-0
Wisconsin D+2 Rep Rep Split Rep 5-3 Rep Rep Rep Split Rep 5-3
Wyoming R+22 Rep Rep Rep Rep 1-0 Rep Rep Rep Rep Rep 1-0
United States Even Rep 31-18 Rep 30-11 Rep 54-46[11] Rep 247-188 Rep Rep 33-16 Rep 32-13 Rep 52-48[11] Rep 241-194
Washington, D.C. D+40 Dem[12] Dem N/A Dem Dem Dem[12] Dem N/A Dem
American Samoa N/A NP NP Rep N/A NP NP Rep
Guam Rep Dem Dem Rep Dem
N. Mariana Islands Rep Split Ind Rep Ind
Puerto Rico PDP PDP PNP/Dem PNP PNP/Rep
U.S. Virgin Islands Ind Dem Dem Ind Dem Dem
Subdivision PVI Governor State leg. US Senate US House Pres. Governor State leg. US Senate US House
Subdivision and PVI Before 2016 elections After 2016 elections

References

  1. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/electoral-college-state-by-state-voting-schedule/
  2. Warnock, Kae (11 March 2016). "2016 Legislative Races by State and Legislative Chamber". National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved 17 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Baltimore Mayor Rawlings-Blake says she won't seek re-election". Fox News. Retrieved September 14, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Theen, Andrew (October 26, 2015). "Portland Mayor Charlie Hales withdraws re-election bid". OregonLive. Retrieved December 27, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Partisan Voter Index by State, 1994-2014" (PDF). Cook Political Report. Retrieved 19 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> PVI in 2014
  6. "2016 State and Legislative Partisan Composition" (PDF). National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved 17 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "2016 PRE- AND POST-ELECTION STATE LEGISLATIVE CONTROL". National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved 9 November 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 One of Maine's Senators is a Republican, the other (Angus King) is an independent who has caucused with the Democrats in since taking office in 2013.
  9. 9.0 9.1 In New York and Washington, Democrats control the House and a coalition of Republicans and Democrats control the Senate.
  10. 10.0 10.1 One of Vermont's Senators is a Democrat, the other (Bernie Sanders) was elected as an independent but has caucused with the Democrats since taking office in 2007.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Including two Independents who caucus with the Democrats.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Washington, D.C. does not elect a governor, but it does elect a mayor.