University of California Botanical Garden
|University of California Botanical Garden|
|Location||University of California, Berkeley|
|Area||34 acres (14 ha)|
|Operated by||University of California|
|Status||Open all year|
The University of California Botanical Garden is a 34-acre (13.7 ha) botanical garden located on the University of California, Berkeley campus, in Strawberry Canyon. The Garden is in the Berkeley Hills, inside the city boundary of Oakland, with views overlooking the San Francisco Bay. It is one of the most diverse plant collections in the United States, and famous for its large number of rare and endangered species.
The Garden was established in 1890 on the University's central campus. It was moved to its present location in the Berkeley Hills above the main campus under the directorship of Thomas Harper Goodspeed. Its present location is also less than a mile down the road from the Lawrence Hall of Science, another renowned Berkeley Hills attraction. The Garden's layout in Strawberry Canyon was designed by Goodspeed and fellow Berkeley professor and landscape architect, John William Gregg.
The Garden now contains more than 20,000 accessions, representing 324 plant families, 12,000 different species and subspecies, and 2,885 genera. Outdoor collections are in general arranged geographically, and nearly all specimens have been collected from the wild.
The major family collections include: Cactus (2,669 plants), Lily (1,193 plants), Sunflower (1,151 plants), Heath (897 plants), and Orchid (950). Other well-represented families include about 500 types of ferns and fern allies, Chinese medicinal herbs, plants of economic importance, Old rose cultivars, and California native plants. A set of greenhouses contain succulents, epiphytes, ferns, carnivorous plants, and tropicals.
The Garden's collections are in geographically organized sections, and include:
— features an outstanding Rhododendron collection (259 taxa, 397 accessions), including many mature tree Rhododendrons too tender for most North American climates. Also present are many specimens of the redwood family, including the original dawn redwoods (Metasequoia), and dozens of unusual shrubs, vines, and herbaceous species recently collected from China.
— with over 4,000 accessions, including nearly one-half of the state's native vascular plant species and 174 taxa on the California Native Plant Society's list of rare and endangered species, this is one of the most extensive collections in the world. — Prominent genera are: manzanitas (Arctostaphylos spp.) with 81 taxa (252 accessions), California-Lilacs (Ceanothus spp.) with 55 taxa (164 accessions), and an almost complete collection of California bulbous monocots in the Lily and Amaryllis families (Fritillaria, Calochortus, Lilium, Erythronium, Allium, Brodiaea) with 118 taxa (234 accessions)
- Chinese Medicinal Herb Garden
— growing selections from the everyday pharmacopeia of modern China.
— bristles with cacti and other succulents from North and Central America, plus the high deserts of the Andes.
— with a young grove of monkey puzzle trees (Araucaria araucana), an outstanding collection of Fuchsias, and several species of southern beech. The garden has one of the most complete selections of cultivars of Lapageria.
The Garden's greenhouses include:
- the Arid House presenting seasonal exhibits of cacti and succulents.
- the Fern and Carnivorous Plants House display diverse ferns and unusual insect-eating plants.
- the Tropical House features tropical plants of economic value, and many curiosities such as the giant corpse lily Amorphophallus.
- Edward Lee Green (1890—1895)
- Joseph Burtt Davy (informally; 1895—1902)
- William Albert Setchell (1902—1928)
- Thomas Harper Goodspeed (1928—1954)
- Paul Licht (2003—present)
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