||This biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. (March 2014)|
|Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha|
|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
|Preceded by||V. Alagirisamy|
|Succeeded by||A. Ravichandran|
|Constituency||Sivakasi ,Tamil Nadu|
22 May 1944 |
Kalingapatty, Sankarankovil,Tirunelveli District Madras Presidency ,British India
|Political party||Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam|
|Children||Durai Vaiyapuri, Rajalakshmi, Kannagi|
Vaiyapuri Gopalsamy, also known as Vaiko, is an Indian politician. He is the founder and General Secretary of the Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK), a political party active mainly in the state of Tamil Nadu. He is known for his advocacy to protect the livelihood of tamils in TamilNadu and rest of the world. Also Vaiko is well known for his continuous support for the self determination rights of Tamil people in Sri Lanka and the LTTE.
Early life and education
V Gopalasamy (வைகோ) was born in Kalingapatty near Sankarankovil, Madras Presidency (now Tamil Nadu). He graduated with a Gold Medal in his Bachelor of arts degree in economics from St. Xavier's College, Palayamkottai and masters from Presidency College, Chennai. He obtained his bachelor's degree in law from Madras Law College.
Vaiko was a part of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (D.M.K) and was formerly seen as the ideological protege of former Chief Minister of Tamil , Kalaignar M.Karunanidhi. Vaiko was detained for more than an year in 1976-77 during emergency and for 40 days on charges of organizing black flag demonstration against former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s visit to Tamil Nadu in Oct 1977. He has been arrested multiple times for peaceful demonstrations especially during the 1986-87 anti Hindi agitations.
He entered the Rajya Sabha in 1978 and has been member of the Upper House for three terms. He has also been elected to the Lok Sabha twice. In 1993, Vaiko started MDMK due to differences with Karunanidhi amid rumblings that Karunanidhi promoted his son M. K. Stalin to succeed him.
Vaiko was known as "Tiger Of Parliament" due to his vociferous speeches in Parliament. Vaiko protested against Kerala's demand for a new dam at Mullaperiyar and proposed building of dams in Pambar and Siruvani. Vaiko also supported national interlinking of rivers and Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project. Vaiko filed a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in Madras High Court requesting closure of the copper smelting plant of Sterlite Industries in Tuticorin which did not follow the waste management procedures correctly and leading to the closure of the plant.
Vaiko often goes on foot marches along with his party cadres to attract attention to issues.
Support of LTTE
Vaiko unequivocally supported LTTE and other organizations fighting for a separate Tamil country in Sri Lanka. He made a trip to Eelam at the height of the LTTE’s war with Sri Lankan Army. Vaiko was the first member of Parliament and chief of a registered political party in the country to be detained under the Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002. He was released after spending 18 months in prison.
In 2008, Criminal Investigation Department of Tamil Nadu police arrested Vaiko on charges of sedition. The charges stemmed from speeches Vaiko made at a party meeting on the Sri Lankan issue and the government's raids into LTTE-held areas on 21 October 2008. After 14 days in judicial custody, Vaiko was released.
In 2005, Vaiko started the Marumalarchi Blood Donors' Club. Vaiko has launched many engagement programmes in rural areas with the participation of villagers. Vaiko has undergone a month-long padayatra in Tamil Nadu for the interlinking of inter state rivers in India.
He married Renuka Devi on 14 June 1971. Vaiko enjoys writing in his free time and has authored over 50 books apart from regular essays and columns in newspapers.
- "Vaiko Parliament Bioprofile". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
- [mdmk.org.in/member/mr-vaiko Vaiko Resume]
- Interview with Vaiko
- http://www.uyirmmai.com/Uyirosai/ContentDetails.aspx?cid=1206 (in Tamil)
- "Shooting from the lip". Times of India. 28 June 2002. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- "Always on the move". Sachidananda Murthy. The Week. 8 May 2016. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- "Modi will become PM : Vaiko". Telugu Mirichi. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- HC orders closure of Sterlite Ind’s Tuticorin plant
- Vaiko's nadaiyanamans
- Vaiko arrested from Chennai airport Archived 25 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Vaiko released from prison
- Kumar, S. Vijay (24 October 2008). "Vaiko arrested on charges of sedition". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- http://www.ptinews.com/pti%5Cptisite.nsf/0/964B5450510EE02D652574F90048007E?OpenDocument[dead link]
- No justification for extending ban on LTTE, says Vaiko The Hindu - 27 September 2010
- Lift ban on LTTE, demand MDMK lawyers
- "Marumalarchi blood donors save boy's life". The Hindu. 23 February 2006. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- More about Tank Desilting Program
- Padayatra boosted MDMK's image: Vaiko
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Vaiko|