Valero Energy

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Valero Energy Corporation
Traded as NYSEVLO
S&P 500 Component
Industry Oil and Gas
Founded January 1, 1980; 39 years ago (1980-01-01)
Headquarters San Antonio, Texas
United States
Area served
North America
Key people
Joe Gorder (CEO) & (President)
Products Fuel, natural gas and Petrochemical
Revenue Increase $ 138.07 billion (2013)
Increase $ 3.96 billion (2013)
Increase $ 2.72 billion (2013)
Total assets Increase $ 47.26 billion (2013)
Total equity Increase $ 16.445 billion (2011)
Number of employees
Valero company headquarters in San Antonio, Texas
Valero signage at corporate headquarters

Valero Energy Corporation is a Fortune 500 international manufacturer and a marketer of transportation fuels, other petrochemical products, and power. It is based in San Antonio, Texas, United States.[1] The company owns and operates 16 refineries throughout the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and the Caribbean with a combined throughput capacity of approximately 3 million barrels (480,000 m3) per day, 10 ethanol plants with a combined production capacity of 1.2 billion US gallons (4,500,000 m3) per year, and a 50 megawatt wind farm. Before the 2013 spinoff of CST Brands, Valero was one of the United States' largest retail operators with approximately 6,800 retail and branded wholesale outlets in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and the Caribbean under the Valero, Diamond Shamrock, Shamrock, Ultramar, Beacon, and Texaco brands.[2]


Valero was created on January 1, 1980,[3] as a spinoff of Coastal States Gas Corporation. At the time, it was the largest corporate spinoff in U.S. history. Valero took over the natural gas operations of the LoVaca Gathering Company, a defunct subsidiary of Coastal States Gas. The name Valero comes from Misión San Antonio de Valero. Valero acquired a small oil refinery in Corpus Christi, Texas in 1981, and began refining operations in 1984.

In 1997, Valero spun off its refinery and retail divisions into a separate company, which kept the Valero name. At the same time, the remaining divisions, which consisted primarily of natural gas operations, were acquired by the Pacific Gas and Electric Company. Later that year, the firm acquired Basis Petroleum, which left it with four refineries in Texas and Louisiana. In 1998, it then acquired a Paulsboro, New Jersey, refinery, the company's first outside of the Gulf Coast area.

In 2000, Valero purchased ExxonMobil's Benicia, California, refinery and interest in 350 Exxon-branded service stations in California, mainly in the San Francisco Bay Area. The company also began retailing gasoline under the Valero brand. In June 2001, Valero acquired the Huntway Refining Company, along with two asphalt plants on the West Coast.

Shamrock gas station, a division of Valero EC

On December 31, 2001, Valero completed its acquisition of Ultramar Diamond Shamrock. The merger left Valero with over 4,700 Ultramar, Diamond Shamrock, and Beacon retail sites in the United States, Canada, and the Caribbean. With this acquisition, Valero also received ownership of Shamrock Logistics L.P., which was renamed Valero L.P. In 2006, the division was spun off as NuStar Energy. Starting in 2002, Valero has expanded its marketing to the East Coast, specifically the Northeast and Florida, using the Valero brand. The acquisition also includes all past Diamond Shamrock assets, including the former Sigmor Petroleum assets founded by Thomas E. Turner, founder of TETCO Inc. (the Sigmor brand name was the initials of Sigfried Moore, Turner's former employer) which merged with Shamrock Oil and Gas in 1960 forming Sigmor Shamrock - which was merged into Diamond Shamrock in 1982. Turner later repurchased Mission Petroleum Carriers when it was acquired by Diamond Shamrock which was the foundation of TETCO,[4] and the business portfolio of the former National Convenience Stores, which was acquired by Diamond Shamrock in November 1995.[5]

On April 25, 2005, Valero agreed to buy Premcor, Inc., for $8 billion in cash and stock to become the largest U.S. refinery, as record prices for gasoline and other fuel boosted profits. On June 30, 2005, Valero announced that it was beginning a two-year process of converting Diamond Shamrock stations to the Valero brand. In the next year, on May 5, 2008, Valero agreed to buy 72 Albertsons gas stations.

Valero laid off 500 employees at its refinery in Delaware City, Delaware on November 20, 2009, due to profitability concerns. It was reported the refinery had lost $1 million per day since the beginning of the year.[citation needed]

On March 11, 2011, Valero announced that it had agreed to a major European purchase from Chevron Corp. for $730 million in cash, not including working capital that will be determined at closing. Estimates on the value of the working capital would place the total price at $1.73 billion. The acquisition includes Chevron's Pembroke Refinery in Wales — one of Europe's largest and most complex — together with marketing and logistical assets throughout the United Kingdom and Ireland, which include 4 pipelines, 11 terminals, an aviation fuel business, about 1,000 retail outlets, inventory and other items. [6] [7] [8]

In 2013, Valero spun off its retail operations into a new publicly traded company, CST Brands.[9] Under long-term supply agreements, Valero continues to supply fuel to over 7,400 retail locations, many of which use brand names formerly owned by Valero.[10]

Environmental record

The Political Economy Research Institute ranks Valero 28th among those corporations that emit airborne pollutants in the United States. The ranking is based on both the quantity (3.4 million pounds in 2005) and the toxicity of the emissions.[11]

Valero was the biggest[12] financial backer of the failed 2010 California Proposition 23, and contributed more than $4 million by August 2010.[13] Had it passed, Proposition 23 would have delayed action on greenhouse gas emissions in the state of California, by delaying current implementation of the California's Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 until the state attained an unemployment rate of 5.5% for one full year.[14][15] Critics argued that because that had happened only three times over the last 40 years, the proposition would have had the practical effect of repealing the law.[16][17]

Valero owns two oil refineries in California. The Benicia Refinery is located on the Carquinez Strait, a tributary of the San Francisco Bay.[18] The Wilmington Refinery[19] is located 23 miles (37 km) south of downtown Los Angeles.[20]

Defense contracts

According to Robert Bryce,[21] author and managing editor of Energy Tribune, Valero Energy Corp. has been awarded multiple multimillion-dollar contracts by the U.S. Defense Energy Support Center (DESC) in order to provide fuel to Israel.


Valero Energy reached an agreement to sell the assets of its terminal operation and discontinue operations in Delaware City to the wholly owned subsidiaries of PBF Energy – Delaware City Refining and Delaware Pipeline – for approximately $220 million in 2010.[22]

Shortly after the divestiture of Delaware City, the company sold its refinery at the Port of Paulsboro to PBF Energy, as well. The sale concluded Valero's refinery ownership on the East Coast.[22]


On August 1, 2011, Valero acquired the Pembroke Refinery from Chevron, as well as the marketing and logistics assets, for $730 million, excluding working capital, which was valued at approximately $1 billion. The Pembroke plant is one of the largest and most complex refineries in Western Europe with a total throughput capacity of 270,000 barrels (43,000 m3) per day and a Nelson complexity index rating of 11.8. This puts Valero at a total of 15 refineries and 2.9 million barrels (460,000 m3) per day of throughput capacity overall, solidifying the company’s standing as the world’s largest independent refinery.

Valero also purchased ownership interest in four major pipelines and eleven fuel terminals, a 14,000-barrel (2,200 m3)-per-day aviation fuel business, and a network of more than 1,000 Texaco-branded wholesale sites, which is the largest branded dealer network in the United Kingdom and the second-largest in Ireland. Valero has continued with the Texaco brand in these markets.


A typical Valero gas station in Mountain View, California

Valero retails gasoline branded as Valero, Shamrock, Diamond Shamrock,[23] Ultramar, Beacon, and Total, the last under license from Total S.A.. While this arm of the company was the most visible to the public, it was, according to CEO William R. Klesse, "a very small part of [Valero's] operations".[24]

Valero attempted to shift its focus from being a discount gasoline brand to becoming a premium brand. As part of the shift, Valero began to rebrand its Ultramar, Beacon, Total, and Diamond Shamrock stations to the Valero brand. The Beacon and Shamrock brands are used by retailers as a low-cost alternative to the premium Valero brand. The Shamrock brand is based on the former Shamrock Oil and Gas Company, which merged with Diamond Alkali in 1967 to form Diamond Shamrock, thus declaring the trademark from official abandonment. The name Ultramar, while being eliminated in the United States, continued as Valero's brand name in Canada. Valero introduced its updated "Corner Store" retail concept on December 28, 2007, opening the company's first 5,500-square-foot (510 m2) prototype in western San Antonio. The Corner Store retail division, originally part of Diamond Shamrock, was absorbed into Valero's business portfolio in 2001. Not all Valero gas stations included a Corner Store - one Valero gas station in Euless, Texas east of Fort Worth is co-branded with a 7-Eleven convenience store.

Creation of CST Brands

On July 31, 2012, during the 2nd Quarter Earnings Conference Call, Valero announced intentions to separate the retail business from the remainder of the company. CFO Mike Ciskowski stated "We believe the separation of our retail business by way of a tax-efficient distribution to our shareholders will create operational flexibility within the business and unlock value for our shareholders." [25] In 2013, Valero completed the spinoff of the retail operations as CST Brands.[9] Valero no longer owns retail operations using the Valero, Diamond Shamrock, Shamrock, Beacon, Ultramar, or Texaco names, but Valero continues to supply fuel.[10]

Credit cards

Valero issues its own private label credit cards for its stations through its credit card-only subsidiary, DSRM National Bank. The initials stand for "Diamond Shamrock Refining & Marketing", the unit of Diamond Shamrock which created it before being purchased by Valero.[26]

See also


  1. "Valero". Retrieved 18 March 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Valero Press Release". Valero. Retrieved 5 June 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Company history".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "URGENT: 7-Eleven Buying TETCO Retail, Wholesale Operations". WOAI LOCAL NEWS. 14 August 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Diamond Shamrock buys Stop N Go chain". Houston Chronicle. 9 November 1995.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Polson, Jim (March 11, 2011). "Valero to Buy Chevron's Pembroke Refinery for $1.73 Billion". Bloomberg.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Valero confirms purchase of Chevron's Pembroke refinery and other assets". Hydrocarbon Processing. March 11, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Valero pays $1.73B for Chevron's Pembroke refinery". NewsgroupPress Associated Press Check |newsgroup= value (help). March 11, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Investor Place". Retrieved 23 September 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Company History". Retrieved 23 September 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "(PERI) THE TOXIC 100: Top Corporate Air Polluters in the United State".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "California Proposition 23, the Suspension of AB 32 (2010) - Ballotpedia".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Hiltzik, Michael (August 13, 2010). "Proposition 23 - Trying to shed light on a shadowy figure in Proposition 23 battle - Los Angeles Times". Los Angeles Times.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Hiltzik, Michael (July 27, 2010). "Proposition 23 - Oil industry is driving force behind Proposition 23's attack on California's new greenhouse gas regulation - Los Angeles Times". Los Angeles Times.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Roosevelt, Margot (September 10, 2010). "Global Warming - Fight over bid to suspend California's global warming law gets ugly - Los Angeles Times". Los Angeles Times.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Galpern, Dan (2010-07-28). "Vote NO on Proposition 23: The proposition on the November ballot would essentially repeal California's landmark climate-protection law". New Times. Retrieved 2010-09-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Teresa Alvardo; Shellye Archambeau (2010-09-09). "Prop 23 is Bad for Business". Fox and Hounds. Retrieved 2010-09-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "Benicia".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "Negligence Petroleum storage tank exploded" (PDF). July 2000.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "Wilmington".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "Gaza invasion: Powered by the U.S. - Robert Bryce -".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. 22.0 22.1 "Valero to Sell Paulsboro Oil Refinery to PBF Energy". Bloomberg.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. "Diamond Shamrock". The Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association (TSHA).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. "Valero Energy CEO to Wall St.: You've got us wrong Soapbox - MarketWatch".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. Q2 2012 Valero Energy Corp. Earnings Conference Call Transcript of Speaker Notes
  26. "DSRM National Bank CRA Performance Evaluation" (PDF). Office of the Comptroller of the Currency. 12 January 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links