Venus of Buret'

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Venuses of Buret'
Material Mammoth ivory[1][2] or serpentine[1]
Created c. the end of the 21,000 B.C.E - beginning of the 20,000 B.C.E (Upper paleolithic)[2][3]
Discovered Irkutsk Oblast[2]
A drawing of Venus figurine 1

Venus of Buret' (or Bouret') may refer to any of the five Venus figurines found from archeological site of Buret' in Siberia near Irkutsk and Angara's river valley.[4][5][1]

Four of them are made of ivory and one of them is made of serpentine.[1] One of the figurines (pictured) made of ivory depicts a shrouded person. A similar shrouded figurine has been found from Mal'ta. Carvings on the figurine might represent decorated clothes. The figurine is partially sexually ambiguous due to lack of breasts, but it has an emphasized pubic triangle and vaginal area.[4]

Venus figurines by Mal'ta-Buret' culture of the area are considered to be geographically isolated. They have features that differ from other Venuses of the Paleolithic era, as they have clothes, instead of being nude, and they also have elaborately carved faces.[4] Ivory figurines found from Buret' and Mal'ta have revealed that the Upper Paleolithic culture stretched from Western Europe to Baikal 20,000 years ago.[5] It is believed that Mal'ta was the main settlement and the Buret's site was a campsite for winters, as the figurines are similar.[4]

List of artifacts

Name Spot of discovery Date of discovery First publication Material Picture Note
Buret' 1 Dwelling no. 1 1936 Alexey P. Okladnikov, 1941 Mammoth ivory [1] [3]
Buret' 2 Dwelling no. 4 1939 Alexey P. Okladnikov, 1941 Mammoth ivory [2] [3]
Buret' 3 Dwelling no. 2 1940 Alexey P. Okladnikov, 1941 Mammoth ivory [3] [3]
Buret' 4 Dwelling no. 2 1940 Alexey P. Okladnikov, 1941 Mammoth ivory [4] [3]
Buret' 5 Dwelling no. 2 1940 Alexey P. Okladnikov, 1941 Serpentine rock[citation needed] [5] [3]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "The card of museum object". Virtual Museum of Archaeology. Retrieved 26 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Louise Muriel Lander (2005). "From artifact to icon: an analysis of the Venus figurines in archaeological literature and contemporary culture" (PDF). Durham University. pp. 475–476. Retrieved 26 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Karen Diane Jennett (May 2008). "Female Figurines of the Upper Paleolithic" (PDF). Texas State University. Retrieved 26 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 Christoph Baumer (11 December 2012). The History of Central Asia: The Age of the Steppe Warriors. I.B.Tauris. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-78076-060-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

External links