Veolia Transport

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Industry Transportation Services
Fate Merged with original Transdev
Founded 1876 (1997)
Defunct 2013
Headquarters Paris, France
Key people
Henri Proglio (Chairman and CEO)
Products Transportation as Veolia Transportation
Revenue €6.1 billion EUR (2009)
Owner Veolia Environnement
Number of employees
83,654 (2009)

Veolia Transport (formerly Connex and CGEA Transport) was the international transport services division of the French-based multinational company Veolia Environnement until the 2011 merger that gave rise to Veolia Transdev.[1] Veolia Transport traded under the brand names of Veolia Transportation in North America and Israel, Veolia Transport, Veolia Verkehr in Germany and with the former name Connex preserved in Lebanon and (until it ceased operations on 31 December 2012) Jersey.

The company was established on 1 January 1997 as CGEA Transport, when the public transport divisions of Compagnie Générale des Eaux (CGE) and its subsidiary Compagnie Générale d'Entreprises Automobiles (CGEA) were merged.[2] The name was changed to Connex in 2000, and in November 2002 Compagnie générale française des transports et entreprises (CGFTE) was incorporated. In 2005, the name became Veolia Transport.[citation needed]

In 2007, the group posted revenues of €5.6 billion in 2007,[3] and sold Veolia Cargo, the rail freight branch of Veolia Transport in 2009 to SNCF and Eurotunnel.[4]

A merger between Veolia Transport and Transdev was announced on 23 July 2009.[5] Transdev was then a subsidiary of Caisse des Dépôts. The merger was completed in March 2011. Veolia Transdev became the world's private-sector leader in sustainable mobility with more than 110,000 employees in 28 countries.[6]

In July 2011, amid disappointing financial results, Veolia Environnement announced the launch of new restructuring plans and redeployment of assets and businesses.[7] In December 2011, Veolia announced a €5bn divestment program over 2012-2013.[8] As part of this programme, Veolia would divest its participation in Veolia Transdev and exit the transport business altogether.

Until 2011, Veolia had diverse road and rail operations across the globe, employing 72,000 workers worldwide and serving completely or partly about 40 metropolitan areas with more than 1,000,000 inhabitants.



Tramway on tires in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle
The Bayerische Oberlandbahn near Munich is operated by Veolia.


  • Autocars De Polder has been part of the Veolia Group since 1995.[10]
  • Veolia operates some de Lijn routes under contract.

Veolia Transport Belgium (VTB) was passed on to Veolia Transdev until it was sold to a consortium consisting of Cube Infrastructure and Gimv in March 2014.[11]


These operations were sold to Arriva in October 2007.


A Veolia bus in Helsinki advertising the Hesburger fast-food chain
  • Helsinki: Veolia owns Helsinki Metropolitan Area's bus company Veolia Finland, which was previously Linjebuss and operates essentially in Vantaa, a northern suburb of Helsinki.
  • Tampere: Veolia owns the regional bus company previously known as Alhonen & Lastunen
  • Seinäjoki: Veolia owns yet another local bus company, now known as Veolia Transport West Oy, operating both local and long-distance routes.

Veolia Transport Finland Oy has since been passed on to Veolia Transdev and is now known as Transdev Finland Oy from 5 February 2015.[12]


  • Veolia Verkehr, former Connex Verkehr, offers train services, several of a regional character such as the Bayerische Oberlandbahn from Munich, and two long-distance services. Veolia owns a number of bus companies, mostly in suburban areas. It also operates tram systems:
    • Aachen: Suburban buses,
    • Berlin: Suburban tram line linking to the S Bahn,
    • Frankfurt: Suburban buses,
    • Hagen: Urban network,
    • Pforzheim: Urban network won by Veolia in August 2006. Network included in "Karlsruher Verkehrsverbund GmbH" (KVV) and linked to it by Tram-Train line,
    • Schwäbisch Hall: Urban network,
    • Stuttgart: Suburban buses,
    • ...and also into rural areas.

Veolia Verkehr has since been passed on to Veolia Transdev and is now known as Transdev GmbH since March 2015.[13]


  • Dublin: Veolia operates the Luas tramway which started operations in June 2004. Operation of the Lucas tramway has since been passed on to Veolia Transdev and renamed Transdev Ireland.
  • Galway: Veolia owned the Nestor Airlink bus company which operates between Galway and Dublin Airport. However Jim Burke & Sons own and run it as of March 2009.


MyBus Caetano Slimbus bodied Dennis Dart in St Helier in December 2012


File:Veolia GTW front.JPG
Veolia train (Stadler GTW) in the Netherlands

Veolia Transport Nederland has since been passed on to Veolia Transdev and in December 2015, was grouped with Connexxion to form Transdev Nederland, but the two subsidiaries remain separated.[15] The plan to operate them under Transdev but as separate companies origin since the global rebranding of Veolia Transport.[16]


On 6 May 2011, Veolia Transport Norge was sold in a management buyout and renamed Boreal Transport Norge AS. The new owners were Transport Management AS (1.4%) (the management) and Cube Norge AS (98.6%), a subsidiary of Cube Communications Infrastructure S.C.A. (Cube Infrastructure Fund) of Luxembourg.[17]



Veolia Transport Sverige AB has since been passed on to Veolia Transdev and is now known as Transdev Sverige AB since February 2015.[22]

United Kingdom

  • Connex South Eastern - A train operator in south-east England that ran from 14 October 1996 to 9 November 2003. The contract was due to run until 2011 but was revoked early due to poor financial management after repeated warnings from Government.[23][24]
  • Connex South Central - A train operator in the south of England that ran from 26 May 1996 until 25 August 2001.[25]
  • Dunn-Line – A National Express contractor. Veolia sold its Nottingham bus and private hire coach operations to Premiere Travel from 31 January 2011; on 6 January 2011, its National Express coach work from the city passed to Yourbus.[26]
  • Veolia Transport Cymru, which purchased the following (ceased by December 2012):
    • Pullman Coaches
    • Bebb Travel – A National Express contractor
    • Shamrock Coaches
    • Hawkes
    • Longs
  • Astons Coaches (Kempsey, Worcester)
  • Paul James Coaches (Taken over by Centrebus in October 2011)
  • Veolia Transport – Running a number of local services in Tyne & Wear. Veolia local and sightseeing services in York were taken over by Transdev York in August 2008.[27]

As a result, Veolia Transport had no more operations in UK by the time of Veolia Transdev's rebranding in 2013. However, since the services in York were taken over by Transdev York (part of the old Transdev), they still eventually became part of Veolia Transdev and the current Transdev.

Central Europe

Veolia Transport Central Europe is a daughter company for Central Europe. It was later passed on to Veolia Transdev and then sold to Arriva in the spring of 2013.[28][29]

Czech Republic

Connex Praha bus

Veolia Transport is one of the largest bus operators, operates also one regional railway line and one trolleybus network. Main acquisitions carried out (as Connex) in 2002–2004 (ČSAD Ostrava, Třinec, Praha-Vršovice, Příbram, DP Teplice), smaller in 2005 (MAD Kolín), 2008 (Nerabus), 2010 (Spojbus) etc. In summer 2008, it changed its trademark from Connex to Veolia Transport. In 2004–2007, several times competed or offered for passenger railway transport, however have got no new job yet.


  • Nitra: Urban network and bus station.


File:Autosan Gemini - Veolia.jpg
Veolia transport in Poland - bus Autosan Gemini
  • Veolia owns a number of bus companies and operates an urban network:
    • Tczew: Urban city network.


  • Veolia owns a number of bus companies and operates 2 urban networks:


East Asia

Veolia Transport's operations in East Asia were operated as a joint venture with RATP Group, known as Veolia Transport RATP Asia (VTRA). It has since been passed on to Veolia Transdev.


  • Huaibei : Bus network operated as a joint venture into a city of 2 040 000 inhabitants (932 185 hab. urban in 2006) in Anhui province,
  • Huainan : Bus network operated as a joint venture into a city of 1 076 000 inhabitants (1 075 754 hab. urban in 2006) in Anhui province,

Hong Kong



  • Macau: Veolia invested in a joint venture with RATP Asia and created Reolian Public Transport Co.. Services began August 1, 2011 and is operating two of five groupings of routes, also to be the more important arterial routes of the city. The joint venture announced filing for bankruptcy on Oct 1, 2013. The operation was finally terminated in July 2014 and passed on to another operator.

South Korea


Light Rail

  • Jerusalem: Veolia won a $500 million contract in 2003 to build and maintain the Jerusalem Light Rail system, which will comprise eight lines running across the city. It is expected to be completed by 2020. The first line, from Pisgat Ze'ev to Beit HaKerem, began operation in 2011. Due to the controversial nature of the project, Veolia became a target of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) campaign.[32] In September 2009, the company considering selling its share in the project to the Dan Bus Company for $15–20 million.[33] In October 2010, it agreed to sell its stake to Egged instead. As a result, Dan sued Veolia.[34] After the operation was passed on to Veolia Transdev, the sale to Egged was finally approved in August 2015.[35]


In 2012, Denis Gasquet, Veolia's senior executive vice president, visited Israel, where the company has reached a turnover of 1.5 billion shekels a year. After 20 years of investment in the country, Gasquet said the company had never lost a tender due to its commitment to Israel. Despite operational hitches, Veolia stated that there were no political problems with the Arabs or the Jews, and the company was "not ashamed to say that we make money in Israel."[36]

After these operations was passed on to Veolia Transdev, the buses in Modi'in were sold to Kavim in July 2013,[37] while the rest were sold to Afikim in September 2013.[38]




Connex changed its name to the same as its French parent company's, Veolia, in January 2006. Branding on buses and trains was changed to reflect this position, with the exception of Connex Melbourne. Turnover for Australia was over A$635 million.

With the exception of Connex Melbourne, the other Veolia Transport operations have since been passed on to Veolia Transdev and grouped to form its Australasian subsidiary Transdev Australasia (together with Veolia Auckland and old Transdev).

New Caledonia

  • Nouméa: Veolia created and ran the Noumea suburban bus network.

New Zealand

Veolia Transport Auckland has since been passed on to Veolia Transdev and grouped with Veolia Transport and old Transdev's Australian operations to form Transdev Australasia.

North America

Veolia Transportation is the North American business unit of Veolia Transport[45] It has since been passed on to Veolia Transdev and renamed Transdev North America in 2014.


In April 2005 Veolia were awarded the contract in York Region in suburban Toronto, Ontario, Canada running the bus rapid transit (BRT) naming the routes VIVA and joining with York Region Transit (YRT) as a one fare transit system.[46]

Veolia also operates transit services in the Greater Montreal Area

United States

Connex arrived in the United States in 2001, with the acquisition of Yellow Transportation in Baltimore, Maryland.[47] On September 1, 2005, Connex acquired ATC from National Express, making Connex-ATC the largest privately owned public transportation company in North America.[48] In 2006, Connex-ATC changed its name to Veolia Transportation, acquired ShuttlePort, and won several contracts in the USA, including:

Veolia now employs over 16,000 employees with 6,500 vehicles and a revenue of over $1 billion. in 2005 in North America. Its executive team includes Mark Joseph (CEO of VTNA). It is headquartered in Oak Brook, Illinois.

Veolia also owns the Supershuttle shared-ride airport shuttle service, as well as the ExecuCar black car/sedan service. Veolia also operates taxicab services across the country under various brands.

South America


  • Santiago: Veolia owns Redbus Urbano, which operates feeder services to the Metro and "Troncales" in northern suburban Santiago. This operation has since been passed on to Veolia Transdev.


  • Bogotá: Veolia, in conjunction with three other operators, runs a 90 km right-of-way bus line called the TransMilenio system used by more than 1,400,000 persons a day. This has since been passed on to Veolia Transdev.


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