Vere Fane, 4th Earl of Westmorland

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The 4th Earl of Westmorland
File:FaneArmsEarlOfWestmorland.jpg
Coat of arms of Vere Fane, 4th Earl of Westmorland:
Azure, three dexter gauntlets back affrontée or
Born Vere Fane
(1644-02-13)13 February 1644
Lamport Hall, Lamport, Buckinghamshire, England
Died 29 December 1693(1693-12-29) (aged 49)
Title 4th Earl of Westmorland
Tenure 1691-1693
Other titles 4th Baron Burghersh
7th Lord le Despencer
Nationality English
Offices MP for Peterborough
MP for Kent
Lord Lieutenant of Kent (1692-1693)
Predecessor Charles Fane, 3rd Earl of Westmorland
Successor Vere Fane, 5th Earl of Westmorland
Spouse(s) Rachel Bence (1671-1693)
Issue Vere Fane, 5th Earl of Westmorland
Thomas Fane, 6th Earl of Westmorland
John Fane, 7th Earl of Westmorland
Mildmay Fane
Parents Mildmay Fane, 2nd Earl of Westmorland
Grace Thornhurst
Notes
[1][2][3]

Vere Fane, 4th Earl of Westmorland KB DL (13 February 1645 – 29 December 1693), styled The Honourable Vere Fane from 1644 to 1661 and Sir Vere Fane from 1661 to 1691, was a British peer and Member of Parliament for Peterborough and twice for Kent.[4]

Family

Vere Fane was born on 13 February 1645 in Lamport Hall, Lamport, Buckinghamshire[3] as the second son of Mildmay Fane, 2nd Earl of Westmorland and his wife Mary Vere; he was the younger half-brother of Charles Fane. As Charles died without issue in 1691, Vere inherited the Earldom of Westmorland. On 13 July 1671, Fane married Rachel Bence, daughter of John Bence and Judith Andrews, at Allhallows', London.[3] The couple had eleven children:

Fane died on 29 December 1693, probably from complications that arose from diabetes.[4] His oldest surviving son Vere inherited his father's earldom and further titles, but died without issue before reaching the age of 20.

Career

As was common in his family[4] (his grandfather Francis, his father Mildmay and his older brother Charles had been Members of Parliament before they became earl; his sons John and Mildmay would do so as well[8][2]), Vere Fane served as a Member of Parliament. From 1671 to 1671, he was Member of Parliament for Peterborough;[2] the year his Kent office ended, he became Member of Parliament for Kent, an office which he held until 1681. From 1689 to 1691, he was again Member of Parliament for Kent. He was classed as a Whig, but it seems that he was not particularly active.[4] At the coronation of King Charles II on 23 April 1661, he was invested as a Knight of the Bath.[2]

After the death of his brother Charles, who had no issue, on 18 September 1691, Vere Fane inherited the Earldom of Westmorland as well as his brother's further titles Baron Burghersh and Lord le Despencer.

References

  1. Debrett 1820, p. 1148.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Mosley 2003, p. 4314.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Naylor 1888.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Wynne 2002.
  5. Wynne 2006.
  6. Cokayne 1983, p. 78.
  7. Cokayne et al. 2000, p. 110.
  8. VCH Northants. Fams. 101; The Ancestor, xi. 148–9; PCC 22 Box.

Literature

  • Cokayne, George Edward (1983) [1900]. The Complete Baronetage. 3. Gloucester: Alan Sutton Publishing.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Debrett, John, ed. (1820). Debrett's Correct Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. 1 (13 ed.). London: Printed G. Woodall, Angel Court, Skinner Street.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage. 3 (107th ed.). Wilmington, Delaware: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Naylor, George, ed. (1888). The registers of the parish of Thorington in the county of Suffolk : with notes of the different acts of Parliament referring to them, and notices of the Bence family, with pedigree, and other families whose names appear therein. London: Mitchell and Hughes.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Ormrod, David (1994). Yates, Nigel; Gibson, James M. (eds.). Traffic and Politics: The Construction and Management of Rochester Bridge AD 43-1993. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press. ISBN 0-85115-356-9.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Humphrey Orme
The Lord FitzWilliam
Member of Parliament for Peterborough
1671–1679
With: The Lord FitzWilliam
Succeeded by
The Lord FitzWilliam
Francis St John
Preceded by
Sir John Tufton
Sir Thomas Peyton, Bt
Member of Parliament for Kent
1679–1685
With: Sir Edward Dering, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir William Twysden, Bt
Sir John Knatchbull, Bt
Preceded by
Sir William Twysden, Bt
Sir John Knatchbull, Bt
Member of Parliament for Kent
1689–1691
With: Sir John Knatchbull, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir John Knatchbull, Bt
Sir Thomas Roberts, Bt
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Viscount Sydney
Lord Lieutenant of Kent
1692–1693
Served alongside: The Viscount Sydney
Succeeded by
The Viscount Sydney
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Charles Fane
Earl of Westmorland
1691–1693
Succeeded by
Vere Fane