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Development status active
Written in C
Operating system Linux
Platform Linux kernel
License GNU General Public License

Video4Linux, V4L for short, is a collection of device drivers and an API for supporting realtime video capture on Linux systems.[1] It supports many USB webcams, TV tuners, and related devices, standardizing their output so programmers can easily add video support to their applications. MythTV, tvtime and TVHeadend are typical applications that use the V4L framework.

Video4Linux was named after Video for Windows (which is sometimes abbreviated "V4W"), but is not technically related to it.[2][3]

Version 1

V4L had been introduced late into the 2.1.X development cycle of the Linux kernel. V4L1 support was dropped in kernel 2.6.38.[4]

Version 2

V4L2 is the second version of V4L. Video4Linux2 fixed some design bugs and started appearing in the 2.5.X kernels. Video4Linux2 drivers include a compatibility mode for Video4Linux1 applications, though the support can be incomplete and it is recommended to use Video4Linux1 devices in V4L2 mode. The project DVB-Wiki is now hosted on LinuxTV web site.[5]

Some programs support V4L2 through the media resource locator v4l2://.

Software supporting Video4Linux

See also

  • Direct Rendering Manager – defines a kernel-to-user-space interface for access to graphics rendering and video acceleration
  • Mesa 3D – implements video acceleration APIs


External links