Vinoo Mankad

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Vinoo Mankad
File:Vinoo Mankad and Pankaj Roy after record breaking opening stand 1956.jpg
Vinoo Mankad (right) and Pankaj Roy returning to the pavilion after their world record setting opening partnership of 413 runs, a record that stood for 52 years. Madras, 11 January 1956.
Personal information
Full name Mulvantrai Himmatlal Mankad
Born (1917-04-12)12 April 1917
Jamnagar, Nawanagar State, Kathiawar Agency, Bombay Presidency, British India
Died 21 August 1978(1978-08-21) (aged 61)
Bombay, Maharashtra, India
Nickname Vinoo
Batting style Right-handed
Bowling style Slow left arm orthodox
Relations Ashok Mankad (son) Atul Mankad (son)
International information
National side
Test debut (cap 30) 22 June 1946 v England
Last Test 11 February 1959 v West Indies
Domestic team information
Years Team
1935–1936 Western India
1936–1942 Nawanagar
1936–1946 Hindus
1943–1944 Maharashtra
1944–1951 Gujarat
1948–1949 Bengal
1950–1951 Saurashtra
1951–1956 Bombay
1956–1962 Rajasthan
Career statistics
Competition Test First-class
Matches 44 233
Runs scored 2,109 11,591
Batting average 31.47 34.70
100s/50s 5/6 26/52
Top score 231 231
Balls bowled 14,686 50,122
Wickets 162 782
Bowling average 32.32 24.53
5 wickets in innings 8 38
10 wickets in match 2 9
Best bowling 8/52 8/35
Catches/stumpings 33/– 190/–
Source: Cricinfo, 24 June 2009

Vinoo Mankad About this sound pronunciation  (12 April 1917 – 21 August 1978), full name Mulvantrai Himmatlal Mankad, was an Indian cricketer who is best known for his world record setting opening partnership of 413 runs, with Pankaj Roy, in 1956, a record that stood for 52 years. An opening batsman and slow left arm orthodox bowler, he played in 44 Tests for India, and made 2109 runs at an average of 31.47 including five Test centuries with a top score of 231. He also took 162 wickets at the average of 32.32, including eight five-wicket hauls. He is one of the three cricketers to have batted in every position, from the first to the last, during his Test career.

His son Ashok Mankad also played Test Cricket for India. Rahul Mankad, another son, played first-class cricket.

Mankad's best performance was against England at Lord's in 1952. In the first innings he top-scored with 72. During England's first innings, he bowled 73 overs and took 5 wickets for 196 runs. In India's second innings in that Test match, he top-scored again with 184 runs out of India's total of 378. Though England won the game easily, Mankad's all-round performance salvaged India's pride in a series where they were heavily outmatched. Mankad was the first player in more than 30 years to score a 100 and take five wickets in the same Test and the first Indian to achieve this feat. As such, he is one of only three non-England 'away' players whose names appear on both batting and bowling honours boards at Lords. (The other two are Keith Miller and Sir Gary Sobers).

Also memorable was his role earlier in the same year against England in Madras. He took 8/52 in England's first innings and 4/53 in the second helping India beat England for the very first time in a Test match.

In 1956 he hit 231 against New Zealand at Chennai and together with Pankaj Roy established the world record opening partnership of 413 runs which stood for 52 years. His score was a Test record for India at the time and would remain so until it was broken in 1983 by Sunil Gavaskar.

Mankad caused controversy in 1947/48 on India's tour of Australia, when he ran out Bill Brown backing up in the second Test. In other words, he broke the wicket at the non-striker's end during his run-up while the batsman at that end was out of his ground. He had done the same thing to Brown in the game against an Australian XI earlier on the tour, but his running out of Brown infuriated the Australian media, and running someone out in this way is now referred to as "Mankading".[1]

However, Don Bradman in his autobiography defended Mankad, saying:

For the life of me, I can't understand why [the press] questioned his sportsmanship. The laws of cricket make it quite clear that the nonstriker must keep within his ground until the ball has been delivered. If not, why is the provision there which enables the bowler to run him out? By backing up too far or too early, the nonstriker is very obviously gaining an unfair advantage.

While perfectly legal, some contend that by convention, a bowler should warn a batsman who persists in backing up before dismissing him in that fashion. Mankad himself warned Brown before dismissing him in this fashion.[1] Courtney Walsh likewise received praise for warning rather than dismissing Saleem Jaffar, who was backing up during the 1987 World Cup.

The Government of India awarded him the civilian honour of the Padma Bhushan in 1973.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Frindall, Bill (2009). Ask Bearders. BBC Books. pp. 131–132. ISBN 978-1-84607-880-4. |access-date= requires |url= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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